Building a Day Care Center

+4

No comments posted yet

Comments

ahatur (9 years ago)

Can you share more presentations like this about architecture?

Slide 1

Building a Day Care Center Randy Jacobson ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 2

Timeline Construction Costs Working With an Architect Site Selection The Lease Space Design Criteria Building a Day Care Center ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 3

Frequently Asked Question How long will it take to get from writing a business plan to opening a licensed center?   About 8 Months ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 4

Business Plan   Select a target area for your center   Select a real-estate agent   Visit spaces for rent   Select a space to rent   Check Zoning   Meet with a CDHS Facility Development Rehab Construction Specialist on site to assess suitability of space and get a rough of the number of students will be allowed.   8. Interview Architects ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 5

9 Select an Architect   10 Arrange a site visit with the City’s Pre-licensing Task Force Team to assess the feasibility of converting the space to a day care center.   Work with Architect to develop a Schematic Plan If space is not suitable for your needs find another space and start over   ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 6

OR IF THE SPACE MEETS YOUR NEEDS 12 Reassess Business Plan to take into consideration new information derived from the Schematic Plan   13 Apply for a loan   14 Negotiate a lease TI included?   15 Work with Architect to develop a Design   16 Work with WBDC to refine Business Plan   17 Have Blueprints (Construction Documents) drawn   18 Meet with Architect to review progress of plans ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 7

19 Hire an Engineer   20 Have engineering (HVAC and Electrical) plans drawn   21 Review plans with a CDHS Facility Specialist   22 Have a Department of Buildings Preliminary Plan Review   Meet with Architect to review progress of plans   24 Revise Plans based on Preliminary Review   25 Select furniture, and finishes 26 Select playground equipment   27 Close Loan   28 Meet with Architect to review progress of plans ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 8

29 Apply for Building Permit   30 Bid out the project to (at least 3) contractors   31 Bid out the project fire alarm company(s)   Apply for Fire alarm permit Architect revises plans based on Plan Check corrections ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 9

34 Obtain Building Permit   35 Obtain Fire   36 Manage and administer construction process   37 Complete construction project ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 10

38 Interview teachers and assistants   39 Find students   40 Contract for food services   41 Apply for City Certification (CDHS)   42 Apply for State Certifications (DCFS)   43 Complete construction project   Hire teachers and assistants  45 Obtain Certificate of Occupancy   46 Install furniture and toys   47 Install playground equipment   48 Get City Certifications   49 Get State Certifications   Open for Business ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 11

Costs

Slide 12

Costs Other consultants may be needed besides architects Business Advisor Real estate agent Engineer Banker Contractor Expediter whose fees you may be responsible for depending upon how your contract with the architect is structured. Your Team ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 13

Costs The hard construction costs for remodeling a commercial lease space for childcare should range between $35 to $65 a square foot, depending on the condition of the existing space, (i.e. plumbing, drywall, exits windows, HVAC, electrical, everything the contractor does). ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 14

Costs The Architects fee will be between 6 to 10% of the construction cost, depending on the size of the project and the scope of work they are asked to perform. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 15

Costs How much money do I need “up front” before my construction loan will be funded by the bank?   10 to 20% ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 16

Steps of The Design Process   Working With An Architect ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 17

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Working With An Architect This first step undertakes to examine the issues that will make the project feasible or unfeasible, and in some cases to determine the best strategy for proceeding with the project. A Feasibility Study will evaluate zoning, building condition, location, parking, playground space, neighborhood appropriateness & make an initial estimate of number of students and construction costs. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 18

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Working With An Architect Programming is the process used to arrive at the set of criteria on which the design is based, and by which it is later evaluated. The programming phase is where the project is built—not brick by brick, but decision by decision. This is the time when a common vocabulary for the project is created, and preferences and requirements are determined and built into the overall picture before time is invested in design. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 19

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Schematic Design Working With An Architect Based on an approved Program, the Schematic Design synthesizes the program into a defined, feasible design. The design will be shown in the form of Schematic Drawings, and in some cases a study model. The Schematic Design will address all significant areas of design and will be reviewed with the client before proceeding with more detailed drawings. A preliminary cost estimate is also usually provided at this stage. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 20

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Schematic Design Design Development Working With An Architect Based on an approved Schematic Design, Design Development is the process of refining and fixing the design, and working out all the details, including the selection of materials and the engineering systems. The aim is to finalize all design decisions before proceeding with Construction Documents, the more detailed and expensive documents that the contractor will need to complete the project. A more detailed cost estimate may also be provided at this phase. In smaller projects, Design Development may become part of the Schematic and Construction Document phases, rather than being a distinct phase of its own. The Design Development package will be reviewed with the client before proceeding further with the project. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 21

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Schematic Design Design Development Working With An Architect Construction Documentation Based on approved Design Development documents, construction drawings and written specifications are put together which describe in detail all of the construction work to be done. These are the documents upon which the construction contract will be based, and which the contractor will use to build the project. If a building permit is required, the application is usually made at the end of Construction Documentation. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 22

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Schematic Design Design Development Working With An Architect Construction Documentation Bidding And Negotiation The project is put out to bid, a contractor is selected, and a construction contract is drawn up between the contractor and the client. An Architect will assist the client throughout this process. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 23

Steps Of The Design Process   Feasibility Study Programming Schematic Design Design Development Working With An Architect Construction Documentation Bidding And Negotiation Construction Administration ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 24

Site Selection Criteria 2 ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 25

Site Selection Criteria Location Location Location ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com Neighborhood

Slide 26

Site Selection Criteria How close are other centers? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com Neighborhood

Slide 27

Site Selection Criteria What is the zoning of the property? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com Neighborhood

Slide 28

Site Selection Criteria Neighborhood What is the zoning? Is this a residential, industrial or commercial neighborhood? Residential ? Commercial ? Transitional ? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 29

Neighborhood Is it on a residential or a commercial street? Site Selection Criteria ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 30

Traffic Is traffic busy or quiet? Site Selection Criteria ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 31

Parking Is there adequate parking for your clients, and a safe pick up drop off area? Will your business cause a traffic problem in the morning and evening? Site Selection Criteria Is there parking for employees? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 32

Site Selection Criteria Neighborhood Will your neighbors welcome the traffic generated by this type of business in their neighborhood? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com COMMUNITY MEETING

Slide 33

Site Selection Criteria Neighborhood At night are the streets dark or well lit? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 34

Site Selection Criteria Neighborhood Will your clients feel safe in the neighborhood? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 35

Site Selection Criteria Transit How close are rail and bus lines that could be used by your clients or employees? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 36

Site Selection Criteria Parks Is there a park with a tot lot within walking distance (approximately 1,000 feet, 2 to 4 blocks)? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 37

Site Selection Criteria Parks How many streets would the children need to cross to walk there? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 38

Site Selection Criteria Parks Are they busy commercial streets with dangerous traffic or quiet residential streets? Location, Location, Location ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 39

Site Selection Criteria Does the play lot meet DCFS safety standards for size, materials, boundaries? Parks ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 40

Site Selection Criteria Parks How will you transport the children to the park: van? buggies? walking? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT

Slide 41

Site Selection Criteria Evaluating The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 3

Slide 42

Site Selection Criteria ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space Condition What is the condition of the space? How much of what is already there can you use? Is it in good condition or will it need a lot of work to be useable?

Slide 43

Site Selection Criteria Condition What is the state of the plumbing, electrical, lighting, drywall, HVAC? Is there a leaky roof or a moldy smell? The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 44

Site Selection Criteria The Lease Space Condition How much work will the landlord include for free as tenant improvements (TI) in your lease? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 45

Site Selection Criteria Life Safety Is there a fire/smoke alarm? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 46

Site Selection Criteria Life Safety Are fire sprinklers required? The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 47

Site Selection Criteria Life Safety Are there legal fire exits? The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 48

Site Selection Criteria Check the building code. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space Life Safety Windows

Slide 49

Site Selection Criteria How much natural light is there in the classroom? Will each classroom have a window? The Lease Space Natural Light Windows and Skylights ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 50

Site Selection Criteria Could windows and skylights be added? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space Natural Light Windows and Skylights

Slide 51

Site Selection Criteria Accessibility Is this space handicap accessible? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space

Slide 52

Site Selection Criteria Accessibility Is this space handicap accessible? Does it have a “no-step entry”? The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 53

Site Selection Criteria Accessibility Is this space handicap accessible? Does it have a “no-step entry”? Are existing bathrooms accessible? ChildCareomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 54

Site Selection Criteria Playground Is there space for a safe outdoor playground adjacent to the space? The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 55

Site Selection Criteria Playground Is this area directly accessible from the inside? Does the space have windows overlooking the playground? The Lease Space Could windows and/or doors be added so there is an inside-outside connection? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 56

Site Selection Criteria Classroom Size Don’t Underestimate Is it big enough to accommodate the number of children that your business plan is based upon? Remember that the minimum useable play space per child required by the code does not include all the space per child that you will need, like a kitchen, closets, circulation, bathrooms, office etc. When estimating how many students a potential space may be certified for use a larger square footage per child than the required code minimums for usable play space. The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 57

Site Selection Criteria Classroom Size Infants /6 to 8 children per class A minimum of 50SF (square feet) of useable play space per child is required by the code. Use a factor of 60 to 75 SF/student for estimating how much total space you will need. Toddlers 8 to 20 children per class A minimum of 35sf of useable play space per child is required by the code. Use a factor of 45 to 60 SF/student for estimating how much total space you will need. The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 58

  ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 59

Typical 25 foot wide Chicago storefront lease space Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  entry Bath- Rooms storage Street front Alley back The Lease Space ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 60

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 61

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  + Efficient classroom shape, size, dimension.  The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 62

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  - Bad circulation path, must always walk through a classroom. + Efficient classroom shape, size, dimension  The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 63

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  - Bad circulation path, must always walk through a classroom. + Efficient classroom shape, size, dimension  The Lease Space Street front Alley back - Entry Bathrooms and storage blocking a wall that could have windows. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 64

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  classroom classroom entry Bath- Rooms storage kitchen The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 65

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  classroom classroom entry Bath- Rooms storage kitchen + Good circulation paths. The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 66

Site Selection Criteria Shape Will the shape of the lease space ( length to width) work well for a center?  classroom classroom entry Bath- Rooms storage kitchen - Inefficient classroom shape, size, dimension  + Good circulation paths. The Lease Space Street front Alley back ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 67

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas 5 Building a Quality Center ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 68

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas   The environment should engage the children. A developmentally designed classroom supports a caregiver-child relationship. It minimizes management and custodial activities, allowing caregivers more time for interaction, observation, and facilitation of children’s development.   ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 69

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas   A child directed environment v/s an adult directed environment Encourages movement, self initiated exploration, focused play and pro-social interactions between children.   ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 70

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas   Create landscapes that support motor development without creating chaos. Children learn through movement, motor competence and emotional competence are closely linked.   ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 71

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas   Choice: developmentally appropriate self-directed exploration Allow caregivers to facilitate children’s learning and development naturally. Learning can be encouraged or discouraged by the design.   ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 72

Design for Learning: Helpful Ideas   Reduce the impact of NO with good design.   A safe environment has built into it an appropriate level of safe challenge. Challenge won’t go away it will just emerge in inappropriate and unsafe circumstances. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 73

Design Strategies 6 ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 74

Design Strategies Use a POD system Pair 2 classrooms with 1 teacher station for maximum efficiency Classroom Teacher station Classroom ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 75

Design Strategies Use a POD system Pair 2 classrooms with 1 teacher station for maximum efficiency ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 76

Design Strategies Differentiate activity areas With carpeted platforms, lofts, dropped ceilings, low walls, and risers. Use small moveable storage units and bookshelves to change the areas as appropriate. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 77

Design Strategies Create spaces for different types of activities Intimate (reading) Open (water play) ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 78

Design Strategies Create a landscape of mini-activity areas ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 79

Design Strategies Create a landscape of mini-activity areas Locate activity areas round the edges of the space, near windows and leave the middle open. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 80

Design Strategies Providers need convenient easily accessible storage of materials in the classroom. Children should not need to be left alone while a caregiver accesses storage or prepares food. Children need adequate space to store their clothing (coats and sweaters) and any other personal belongings they may bring to school. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 81

Design Strategies Create a vestibule in the entry area For children and their parents to say goodbye in the morning and to be picked up at the end of the day. Better yet if classrooms can be seen from this space, parents will be able to observe classrooms and the children in them as they come and go, or when they visit to consider your school for their children. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 82

Design Strategies Furniture should be appropriately scaled (sized) and designed. So that children feel in control of their environment and adults are physically comfortable (risers, raised platforms) ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 83

Design Strategies Paths of circulation should be clear. ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 84

Design Strategies Mix up hard and soft flooring Use flooring material to define different activity areas CARPET TILE ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 85

Design Strategies Pay attention to lighting Most classrooms have too much fluorescent lighting This wastes energy and costs money ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 86

Design Strategies Create a non-institutional image Create a domestic home-like atmosphere. What would I like to live with? ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT 312.218.2921 jacobson.randy@gmail.com

Slide 87

Thank You ChildCareHomes Paul Randall Jacobson ARCHITECT Randy Jacobson (312) 218-2921 Chicago Illinois jacobson.randy@gmail.com QUESTIONS?

Summary: A step by step, how to guide to designing and building a day care center. Timeline, Construction Costs, Working With an Architect. Site Selection, The Lease Space, Design Criteria

Tags: day care center daycare education children preschool how to kindergarden teachers caregivers

URL:
More by this User
Most Viewed
Previous Page Next Page
The Subprime Primer
The Subprime...
 
 
 
Previous Page Next Page