Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles

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Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles Student Success Center

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Multiple Intelligences Howard Gardner identified seven intelligences: Linguistic intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence Musical intelligence Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence Spatial intelligence Interpersonal intelligence Intrapersonal intelligence

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Linguistic Intelligence This intelligence involves sensitivity to spoken and written language, the ability to learn languages, and the capacity to use language to accomplish certain goals. It also includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence.

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Logical-Mathematical Intelligence This intelligence consists of the capacity to analyze problems logically, carry out mathematical operations, and investigate issues scientifically. In Howard Gardner's words, it entails the ability to detect patterns, reason deductively and think logically. This intelligence is most often associated with scientific and mathematical thinking.

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Musical Intelligence This intelligence involves skill in the performance, composition, and appreciation of musical patterns. It encompasses the capacity to recognize and compose musical pitches, tones, and rhythms. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence.

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Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence This intelligence entails the potential of using one's whole body or parts of the body to solve problems. It is the ability to use mental abilities to coordinate bodily movements. Howard Gardner sees mental and physical activity as related.

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Spatial Intelligence This intelligence involves the potential to recognize and use the patterns of wide space and more confined areas.

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Interpersonal Intelligence This intelligence is concerned with the capacity to understand the intentions, motivations and desires of other people. It allows people to work effectively with others. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counselors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence.

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Intrapersonal Intelligence This intelligence entails the capacity to understand oneself, to appreciate one's feelings, fears and motivations. In Howard Gardner's view it involves having an effective working model of ourselves, and to be able to use such information to regulate our lives.

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Learning Styles Each person is born with a preference toward a particular style of learning, but culture, experience and development influence these preferences. The four most common learning styles are: Visual Auditory Kinesthetic/Tactile Expressive

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DVC Learning Style Survey This is a quick, simple survey. It will give you learning strategies to use based on your results. http://www.metamath.com/lsweb/dvclearn.htm

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Visual Visual learners process information most effectively when the information is seen. Depictions can include charts, graphs, flow charts, and all the symbolic arrows, circles, hierarchies and other devices that instructors use to represent what could have been presented in worlds. These learners think in pictures and have vivid imaginations. Most people are classified as visual learners.

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Study Strategies for Visual Learners Study strategies : Replace words with symbols or initials. Translate concepts into pictures and diagrams. Underline or highlight your notes or textbooks with different colors. Practice turning your visuals back into words. Make flashcards of key information with words, symbols, and diagrams.

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Auditory Auditory learners process information most effectively when spoken or heard. These learners respond well to lectures and discussions and are excellent listeners. They also like to talk and enjoy music and dramas. When trying to recall information, aural learners can often "hear" the way someone told them the information.

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Study Strategies for Auditory Learners Study Strategies: Attend lectures and tutorials. Discuss topics with your instructor and other students. Put summarized notes on tape and listen to them. Join a study group or have a "study buddy." Tape record your lectures. When recalling information or solving problems, talk out loud.

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Kinesthetic/Tactile Kinesthetic/Tactile learners process information actively through physical means. Kinesthetic learning refers to whole body movement while tactile learning refers only to the sense of touch. These learners gesture when speaking, are poor listeners, and lose interest in long speeches. Most students that do not perform well in school are kinesthetic/tactile learners. The crux of this learning style is that the learner is connected to real situations through experience, example, practice, or simulation.

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Study Strategies for Kinesthetic/Tactile Learners Study Strategies: Sit near the instructor in classroom situations. Read out loud from your textbook and notes. Copy key points onto large writing surfaces (i.e. chalkboard or easel board). Copy key points using word processing software. Listen to audiotapes of your notes while exercising. Take in information through field trips, laboratories, trial and error, exhibits, collections, and hands-on examples. Put real life examples into your notes summary. Recall experiments and role-play. Use pictures and photographs that illustrate an idea.

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Expressive Expressive learners process information most effectively when presented in a written language format. This type of learner benefits from instructors that use the blackboard to accent important points or provide outlines of the lecture material. When trying to recall information, reading/writing learners remember the information from their "mind's eye." Many academics have a strong preference for the reading/writing style.

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Study Strategies for Expressive Learners Study Strategies: Write out important information again and again. Read your notes silently. Organize any diagrams into statements. Rewrite the ideas and principles in other words. Make flashcards of words and concepts that need to be memorized.

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Works Cited Smith, Mark K. (2002, 2008) 'Howard Gardner and multiple intelligences', the encyclopedia of informal education, http://www.infed.org/thinkers/gardner.htm.