Diabetes Presentation


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Diabetes in the United States: A Snapshot From the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) Diabetes 29.1 million people have diabetes That’s about 1 out of every 11 people 1 out of 4 do not know they have diabetes

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Prediabetes 86 million people – more than 1 out of 3 adults – have prediabetes 9 out of 10 do not know they have prediabetes Without weight loss and moderate physical activity, 15-30% of people with prediabetes will develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years Cost $245 billion: total medical costs and lost work and wages for people with diagnosed diabetes Risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50% higher than for adults without diabetes Medical costs for people with diabetes are twice as high as for people without diabetes People who have diabetes are at higher risk of serious health complications, such as blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, stroke, and loss of toes, feet, or legs.

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Types of Diabetes Type 1: Body does not make enough insulin Can develop at any age No known way to prevent it More than 18,000 youth diagnosed each year in 2008 and 2009 In adults, type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes Type 2: Body cannot use insulin properly Can develop at any age Most cases can be prevented Currently, at least 1 out of 3 people will develop the disease in their lifetime More than 5,000 youth diagnosed each year in 2008 and 2009 1.7 million people 20 years and older diagnosed in 2012 Risk factors for type 2 diabetes: Being overweight Having a family history Having diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) Take the diabetes risk test at www.cdc.gov/diabetes

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What can you do? You can prevent or delay type 2 diabetes Lose weight Eat healthy Be more active Learn more at www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention or speak to your doctor You can manage diabetes Work with a health professional Eat healthy Stay active Learn more at www.cdc.gov/diabetes/ndep or speak to your doctor CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation works toward a world free of the devastation of diabetes. References Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National diabetes statistics report: estimates of diabetes and its burden in the United States, 2014. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014. Knowler WC, Barrett-Conner E, Fowler SE, et al; Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 393-403. As cited in March 22, 2013, MMWR. Tuomilehto J, Lindstom J, Eriksso J, et al; Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. N Engl J Med 2001; 344: 1343-1350.

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