DAEM presentation: 10-2009


No comments posted yet


Slide 17

GSI3D was originally developed by INSIGHT (Koeln) in conjunction with the Lower Saxony Geological Survey, since 2002 in conjuntion with the BGS

Slide 61

Elements are the locations where quantities are calculated Linking element sets maps the spatial representation on one model to the representation in the other model Data operations handle unit conversions, spatial and temporal aggregation and disaggregation

Slide 76

We are looking forward to extend the cooperation on OneGeology into the 3rd and 4th dimension…. NOTE: the map shown here is IGME 5Mio, compiled by Kristine Asch BGR

Slide 1

Building on Geological Models a vision for an Open Environmental Modelling Platform Holger Kessler on behalf of the BGS team TNO/Deltares Lunchtime Lecture Utrecht, 17th June 2009

Slide 2

Geological Survey Evolution National Survey to support industry and the economy – since 1835 Systematic map coverage (at 50K scale) achieved - by 1990 Conversion of data and processes from analogue to digital -1990s From maps to models - since 2000 Simulation and prediction of earth processes - 2010+

Slide 3

The Strategy …to develop a data architecture and applications environment that supports the generation of spatial and process models. …for example in developing worldwide geoscience data and mark-up languages and exchange formats, will be taken forward to incorporate methodologies and best practice for development and use of subsurface models… BGS Strategy 2009-2014

Slide 4

From maps… …to forecasts

Slide 5

Aims of project Demonstrate NERC leadership; Build community engagement; Articulate the vision and objectives of the open environmental modelling platform; Identify any existing parallel initiatives developing around the world and seek to engage with them; Identify appropriate international standards under which the platform should develop; Recommend leadership framework under which the development would be steered; and Identify components that need accelerated development to create a ‘critical mass’ that others can build upon.

Slide 7

Government departments Environment Agency Local Authorities Water Companies Planners and developers Insurance industry The public NERC: Changing Water Cycle, Earth System Science, Living with Environmental Change Stakeholders for this platform

Slide 8

Our footprint in Earth System Science Triangle from: Martin Ruzek, Science Education Resource Center

Slide 9

…and their key science questions… The ability of to provide clean and affordable drinking water and water for industrial use from sea, ground and surface water Managing the risks of flooding from the sea, the river, the sky and the ground. The safe disposal, containment and potential re-use of human waste Prediction of ground conditions for major infrastructure projects (transport, housing, utilities) The prediction of ground conditions and resulting hazards and risks to aid planning and decision making often in the context of environmental change

Slide 10

Audit of model codes within BGS and NERC Comprehensive model review of numerical model codes in use in BGS and NERC has been completed The external response was very positive and includes: BAS, CEH, POL, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, National Centre for Earth Observation, National Oceanography Centre, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Scottish Association for Marine Science

Slide 11

Community building Visits and Video/ teleconferences undertaken so far: CEH Wallingford TNO & Deltares Vic Loudon – Edinburgh Hans-Georg Sobisch - Koeln Keith Turner – University of Colorado Frank D’Agnese – Earth Knowledge Outcomes: TNO & Deltares established as leaders in the field amongst sister geological surveys, Letter of Cooperation in preperation Visions of Vic (Cybergeology) and Hans-Georg (Subsurface Management System) captured Links established to the US Issues: CEH Wallingford – initial links established with water scientists Environment Agency links – well established, but need focus for promoting DAEM concept

Slide 12

Community building “US tour” Mary Hill, USGS CSDMS people at Boulder CHUASI/CHYMP - Hydrologic Information System (HIS) US Army Corps of Engineers - Jon Fenske USDA - Olaf David Outstanding tasks SEEGRID/ CSRIO One Geology Visit by Bruce Gill (Victoria Geological Survey) Visits and Video/ teleconferences to be done

Slide 13

Communications Internal Workshop Conference/talks Deltares lunchtime talk Digital Mapping Technologies ‘09 Conference Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Conference International Association of Mathematical Geologists (IAMG’09) Geological Society of America Annual Conference (October) Publications AGU abstract GeolSoc special pub abstract Wiki http://daem.wikidot.com/

Slide 14

Not only Geologists are going 3D … 3D Cities (Virtual-berlin.de) 3D Maps (Google Earth) Virtual Societies (Second Life) One Geology (OneGeology)

Slide 15

… but everyone is! 3D Kitchens 3D in medicine 3D Engineering

Slide 16

The BGS systems in summary

Slide 17

3D Modelling methodology Modelling captures the Geologist’s visions, concepts and understanding of underlying geological processes and forms through drawing cross-sections and distribution maps of the geology

Slide 18

From 2D to 3D

Slide 19

High resolution geological framework models across England and Wales around 50% have been built under commission of the Environment Agency

Slide 20

Geological Column 2400 km2 Geological Model of Greater London

Slide 21

Communications Internal Workshop Conference/talks Deltares lunchtime talk Digital Mapping Technologies ‘09 Conference Global Spatial Data Infrastructure Conference International Association of Mathematical Geologists (IAMG’09) Geological Society of America Annual Conference (October) Publications AGU abstract GeolSoc special pub abstract Wiki http://daem.wikidot.com/

Slide 22

Challenge 1 Acquire, interpret and enhance the UK geoscience knowledge base - accessible and interoperable

Slide 23

Challenge 4 Apply a whole systems approach to our science and improve understanding of the nature and potential impact of hazards and the sustainable use of resources

Slide 24

Challenge 5 Understand quantify and predict the response of the Earth’s “zone of human interaction” to future environmental change

Slide 25

3D geological modelling – what is it Geological modelling captures the Geologist’s visions, concepts and understanding of underlying geological processes A geological model synthesises all available data and knowledge for a given area in 3 dimensions to produce a consistent national geological lithostratigraphic framework Just like its predecessor the 2D geological map geological models need to be parameterised to make them useful and delivered in a suitable medium to make them usable.

Slide 26

The 3D Geological Map

Slide 27

and 3D PDFs

Slide 28

Integrating urban infrastructure Industrial park in North-West England Understand relationship between subsurface infrastructure (drain pipes) and geology commissioned by the Environment Agency to help them protect the groundwater

Slide 29

Geological framework models are populated with properties to display internal variation and their certainties Examples showing a discretised 3D voxel grid of geophysical properties in a landslide and the mineral potential of the a Sand and Gravel resource (in collaboration with TNO/Deltares) Property Modelling

Slide 30

Monitoring of environmental processes Monitoring coastal erosion in Happisburgh Norfolk Retreat of cliff line is monitored with laser scanning and can be visualised in 4D

Slide 31

Water Cycle Example

Slide 32

A Good Model Realistic geological framework Full hydrological cycle Considers ecology Ability to vary inputs Real time operation Links to other models Communicates clearly Engages the end users Photograph Courtesy of Jennifer Cunningham, BGS Groundwater Festival, Hill End Farm, Oxfordshire in 2005

Slide 33

Process modelling 4D simulation of contaminants (DNAPL) on an industrial site 50 m

Slide 34

The seedcorn of integrated Geological/Groundwater models

Slide 35

The National Groundwater Modelling System In operation at the Environment Agency of England and Wales Developed and maintained by Deltares building on Delft-FEWS technology Contains all groundwater models and allows to run and “what if” scenarios Presents results in map and graphs

Slide 37

What the Environmental Modelling Platform will be: Producing geoscientifically based “what if scenarios” and putting these into context in a subsurface information system Open source and Object-oriented Based on existing technology and data exchange standards…develop limited new applications as appropriate OpenMI compliant and exploits distributed computing Web-based delivery of data, models and visualisations Linking to models and data outside the natural environment Facilitating a network of model builders and users

Slide 38

Multiple Models are Required

Slide 39

Bottom up design leads to lack of interconnectivity and interoperability BGS Image P95684

Slide 40

Drivers – INSPIRE & SEIS http://ec.europa.eu/environment/seis/

Slide 41


Slide 42

Scale from pore to catchment and beyond Microsoft clipart image

Slide 43


Slide 44

Must be underpinned by high quality, freely available data in appropriate formats. BGS Photograph 640479: Museum of Practical Geology, Jermyn Street, London – about 1900 Data

Slide 45

Standards Agreed Implemented Enforced Photo courtesy Corp. S. Blancflower, Royal Engineers

Slide 46

Uncertainty Images courtesy of Diarmad Campbell

Slide 47

Uncertainty Both the uncertainty of individual models And the combined uncertainty of multiple models Image courtesy of Gary Wealthall

Slide 48

Semantic Meaning Knowledge + Problem Solutions

Slide 49

Transdisciplinary Science Transdisciplinary Science Reductionism Restoring the balance

Slide 50

Culture Change Image by Becky Taylor and Jeremy Giles

Slide 51

Requirements System needs to be truly OPEN Acknowledge the sources of the data Predictive, parameterised models Communicate to customers/users Understand anthropogenic factors Dynamic/updateable - “Future proof” Simple, clear, affordable licensing

Slide 52

Requirements A “system” to encourage and facilitate the flexible integration of diverse spatial and temporal data, models and processes to provide whole-earth simulations and responses to “what if” scenarios. A “mixing desk” for modelling Microsoft clipart image

Slide 53

Scoping study outcome

Slide 54

Products – A Report A Scoping Study Where are we Where do we want to be How will we get there? What will it cost Microsoft clipart image

Slide 55

Products – Envisage a Clear Outcome Habit 2: Begin with the End in Mind Stephen Covey Author of “Seven Habits Of Highly Effective People”

Slide 56

Products – a Community BGS as part of a community BGS as a leading member of that community Microsoft clipart image

Slide 57

Community Building BGS Community NERC Community Academic Community Policy/Regs Community International Community Time and Resource Dependent

Slide 58

Product - Model Inventory BGS Image: P681633

Slide 59

Don’t Reinvent the Wheel NERC Other GSOs Oil industry Bioinformatics Medical informatics Others Image courtesy Stan Wagon, Macalester College, Minnesota, USA

Slide 60

Don’t Reinvent the Wheel www.openmi.org

Slide 61

Linking element sets Groundwater Model River Model Elements are the locations where quantities are calculated Slide supplied by Roger Moore, CEH

Slide 62


Slide 63


Slide 64

Thames Basin Integrated project observatories, spatial data, information systems, process modelling Slide supplied by Jon Ford, BGS

Slide 65

Strategically Important Formations for Secure and Sustainable Resources Permo-Trias Aquifers spatial data and information systems, property characterisation, process models. Slide supplied by Tony Milodowski, BGS

Slide 66

Solving the IT is not the hard bit! IT issues Science issues Cultural issues

Slide 67

Deliverables Scoping study report Audit of model codes used within BGS and NERC Community building and external benchmarking Plan for next 5 FYs, i.e. 10/11 to 14/15

Slide 68

Scoping study report Project team assembled: Jerry Giles, Holger Kessler, Gary Baker, Andrew Hughes, Marcus Sen, Patrick Bell, Carl Watson, Garry Wealthall, Bruce Napier, Andrew Barkwith Outline and some text has been written – Project Board approval before finalising Populate outline and produce draft by the end of November

Slide 69

Report so far: Table of contents Executive Summary Introduction Science Case for DAEM Challenges Solutions What will the project deliver? Implementation plan Appendices: Appendix 1: Project Brief Appendix 2: Concept Note Appendix 3: Project Initiation Document (PID) Appendix 4: SWOT Appendix 5: Communication Plan Appendix 6: Glossary of Terms Appendix 7: Abbreviations Appendix 8: Workshop Summary Appendix 9: Lessons learned from previous projects Appendix 10: Visit reports Appendix 11: Consultees Appendix 12: Description of OpenMI Appendix 13: Model inventory (process and spatial) Appendix 14: Historical Context within BGS

Slide 70

Bonus – OpenMI involvement OpenMI is a standard for linking models and databases and has been funded by EU projects. CEH have made decision to not continue with the development of OpenMI. The OpenMI association have lobbied the EC to include a call within the next FP7 round of bidding. BGS have been approached after DAEM workshop and asked to participate in upcoming FP7 call. Leading to inclusion in an FP7 bid and possibly further involvement with the OpenMI association.

Slide 71

The emerging tasks Data supply and interoperability Process models and their linkage Communication of model results to scientific peers and a non-technical audience Computational infrastructure Continue to build and engage the community: BGS (test beds and other projects) UK collaborations International collaborations

Slide 72

Contributions Prof. Denis Peach Dr. Andrew Howard Dr. Richard Hughes Roger Moore Andrew Kingdon Andrew McKenzie Jon Ford Dr. David Kerridge David Entwhistle Tony Milodowski Andrew Tye www.bgs.ac.uk/science/3dmodelling/lithoframe1mvis.html

Slide 73

Next steps – before the end of this FY Finalise model code audit – get outstanding responses. Continue community building – undertake planned conference attendance and US visits. Strengthen strategic links with the EA Produce draft of scoping study and circulate for comment. Plan work for next FY and beyond and build into business planning process.

Slide 74

BIG Challenges Data and IPR Cultural change Inclusion of key stakeholders – e.g. EA Money – who funds the development? Access to the right decision-makers Technical issues: Uncertainty – how to deal with in data and models Providing model results in the right form for decision makers - visualisation Distributed computing – how to exploit appropriately

Slide 75

Questions Landscapes by Ben Peach (1842 – 1926) BGS Geologist From the BGS Archives

Slide 76

Thank you all for listening!

Summary: Building on Geological Models a vision for an Open Environmental Modelling Platform

Tags: data applications environmental modeling cross cutting british geological survey