The Cold War Begins

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Slide 1

The Cold War (Ch.29) The Cold War (1945-1991) U.S. Capitalism Wanted to rebuild Europe using this ideology U.S.S.R Communism Wanted to create buffer states in order to safeguard itself from another invasion Tension emerges over rebuilding Europe and Asia Yalta Conference Big Three United Nations Divide Germany into zones of occupation Potsdam Conference A Different Big Three Germany divided in half Berlin divided too Tension emerged over the lack of free elections in Eastern Europe Battleground between the US and USSR United Nations World Bank Europe Western Europe: Capitalism Eastern Europe: Communism Satellite Nations Iron Curtain Warsaw Pact President Harry Truman’s Response to the Cold War(1945-1953) Containment Truman Doctrine Marshall Plan The Berlin Crisis The Berlin Airlift La

Slide 2

Yalta Conference, The Big Three: Winston Churchill, Franklin Roosevelt, and Joseph Stalin in February 1945 Potsdam Conference, The Big Three Clement Attlee, Harry S. Truman, and Joseph Stalin in July 1945. The United Nations A Divided Germany

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Germany Divided into Zones of Occupation

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The Cold War (Ch.29) NATO The Cold War Spreads to Asia Japan The Philippines China Civil War (1944-1947) Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-shek):Nationalist Mao Zedong: Communist Soviets develop an atomic bomb NSC-68 Korea Formerly occupied by Japan 38th parallel North: Communist Kim Il-Sung South: Democratic Syngman Rhee Korean War Civil War UN Intervention General Douglas MacArthur Chinese intervention MacArhur gets fired Significance of the Korean War American Society and Politics in Post WWII America President Truman (1945-1953) To err is Truman” (To err is Human) The Servicemen Readjustment Act/GI Bill of Rights Problems with Inflation Fair Deal Taft-Hartley Act

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NATO Iron Curtain Warsaw Pact

Slide 7

The Cold War (Ch.29) Executive Order 9981 Election of 1948 Harry Truman (D) Thomas E. Dewy (R) Communist Hysteria in America National Security Act of 1947 House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) Hollywood Blacklist: Alger Hiss Spy Case Executive order 9835 The McCarran Internal Security Act The Rosenberg’s spy case McCarthyism Election of 1952 Dwight D. Eisenhower (R) Adali Stevenson (D) President Eisenhower (1953-1961) and the Cold War H-Bomb Brinkmanship Eisenhower Doctrine “New Look:” John Foster Dulles: Secretary of State Stalin Dies Nikita Khrushchev: New Soviet Premier ICBMs Sputnik NASA Open Skies proposal U2-Spy Plane Incident

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HUAC Investigates Hollywood Ethel and Julius Rosenberg Alger Hiss Senator Joseph McCarthy

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Sputnik H- Bomb U-2 Spy Plane Incident Soviet and American ICBM’s

Summary: Chapter 29 Notes

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