Vietnam War


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Vietnam War Era (Ch.31) Roots of American Involvement in Vietnam Prior to WWII France dominated Laos Cambodia Vietnam From 1945-1954, France struggled to maintain their colonies Vietnamese fought for their Independence from the French Ho Chi Minh Vietminh Ike sent the CIA to aid the French SEATO Domino Theory Geneva Accords 17th Parallel North Vietnam: Communist South Vietnam: Democratic Reunification election 1956 (but it never happened) Ngo Dinh Diem would not allow the democratic election to take place The South Vietnamese fought for unification Vietcong Ho Chi Minh Trail Diem Overthrown

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Ho Chi Minh Vietminh Vietcong

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Ho Chi Minh Ngo Dinh Diem Buddhist Monks Protesting Diem’s Regime

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Vietnam War Era (Ch.31) LBJ and American involvement in the Vietnam War (1964-1975) Containment Alleged attack against the Maddox and the U.S.S.C. Turner Joy prompted Johnson to order an air strike against Northern Vietnam Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Election of 1964: LBJ promised not to send American boys to Vietnam American military involvement escalates Operation Rolling Thunder General William C. Westmorland War Hawks Secretary of State Dean Rusk By 1966, more than 500,000 American troops stationed in Vietnam ARVN Agent Orange Napalm Credibility Gap Tet Offensive A Climate of Political Change Robert F. Kennedy Assassinated by Sirhan Sirhan LBJ refused to run in the election of 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, IL Election of 1968 Hubert Humphrey (D) Richard Nixon (R) George Wallace (I)

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Kim Phuc - Vietnam Napalm Trang Bang, South Vietnam 1972 Agent Orange and its effects from exposure

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The 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, IL Martin Luther King Jr. And RFK were both assassinated in 1968 LBJ refused to accept the democratic Presidential nomination in 1968

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Vietnam War Era (Ch.31) The Counterculture Movement 1964-1975 Youth Culture The New Left SDS Free Speech Movement Anti-War Demonstrators Doves Flower Children Counterculture Hippies Zen Buddhism Rock n’ Roll Music Beatles Woodstock Decline of the Movement Latin Americans work towards equality Chicano Cesar Chavez UFWOC La Raza Unida Native Americans strive for equality American Indian Movement (AIM) Native American Victories Women fight for equality Feminism Betty Freidan’s The Feminine Mystique National Organization for Women (NOW) Gloria Steinem Roe vs. Wade RU-486 Partial Birth Abortion Ban Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) Stop ERA Movement Phyllis Schlafly

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An era of protest in order to end the war in Vietnam, provide more rights for minority groups such as hispanics, Indians, African- Americans, and women

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Vietnam War Era (Ch.31) Roots of Environmentalism Ecology Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring Environmentalist Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Earth Day President Richard Nixon’s role in Vietnam (1969-1974) Promised American voters “peace with honor” in Vietnam Henry Kissinger Vietnamization: Renewed Controversy over Vietnam Kent State My Lai Pentagon Papers Election of 1972 Negotiations for Peace began in Paris in October of 1972 January 1973 a formal agreement made American troops began to withdraw from Vietnam South Vietnam Falls under Communist control in 1975 Also in 1975 the Khmer Rouge seized power in Cambodia Significance of the War Cost $150 billion 58,000 Americans lost their lives War Powers Act

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Kent State Killings occurred on May 4, 1970

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On Mar. 16, 1968 C Company First Battalion, 20th Infantry, 11th Brigade, America Division under the command of Lt. William L. Calley, Jr., killed 90-130 men, women, children in the village of My Lai.

Summary: Chapter 31 Notes

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