Quatro Níveis de Limpo, de Baixo Custo, Tecnologia de Agua Esquecido para Aplicações Comerciais, Industriais e Agrícolas

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www.linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm Ben Rusuisiak New nature paradigm TECH analysis vancouver, BC, CANADA, Aug 1, 2016 Four Levels of Clean, Low Cost, Less Known Water Technologies for Industrial / Commercial / Agricultural applications Quatro Níveis de Limpo, de Baixo Custo, Tecnologia de Água Esquecido Para Aplicações Comerciais, Industriais e Agrícolas Resumo em Português

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2 ABSTRATO Esta apresentação aborda alguns dos baixo custo, aplicações de tecnologia limpa comerciais relacionadas com a água que são subutilizados ou mesmo não comumente conhecido em tudo, em áreas de: 1- Saneamento ambiental, 2- Melhoria HVAC, 3- A geração de energia / extração, 4-Vários processos industriais, 5- Beber geração de água, 6-Geoengenharia, 7-Seletiva, antioxidantes e prevenção da ferrugem etc. Alguns deles são conversíveis para uma utilização no domínio da energia, medicina, biologia, a modificação do tempo, ciência dos materiais, com vantagens semelhantes de aumento de bio. Um desses efeitos não totalmente explicáveis ​​pela química, oficialmente ainda utilizados por algumas nações aliado não-ocidentais, é a capacidade ativa segurando carga elétrica de água, ou "mantidos estrutura da água". Vários tratamentos podem causar sustentada capacidade única em água pura, pelo menos, por 4-5 dias e utilizado sem química ou solutos acrescentou. por exemplo: A- Como detergente para cozinha comercial, talho ou remoção de óleo pesado, B- Corte industrial ou líquido de lavagem, C- Para além de sala de operação de hospital, à alimentação desinfectante da indústria para equipamentos e ar, D- Medical: doença de pele, infecção, órgão interno, oxigênio e entrega da droga hidrofóbica, E- Aumento do crescimento vegetal / animal, Ativar alimentação de água salobra, Remover animais residência odor, F- Aumentar a força do concreto, gelo, papel, G- Realçar o sabor das massas, café, padaria, H- Baixa emissão de combustível de maior qualidade produzido a partir de hidrocarbonetos de baixo grau incombustível, I- Exibição química ou efeito mineral personalizado sem química presente na água. Um pouco de água excepcionalmente elétrica-activa parece mesmo funcionar como "catalisador de fase" e como "concentrado de água pura", para efeitos similares ou mais robustas por diluição. Gap status científico oficial Tais 'tecnologias entre países industrializados ocidentais e outras nações indicam investidores tecnologia existentes e partes interessadas podem influenciar um ao outro de forma interligada com os Governos, ONGs, mídia, e Top academia. Esta poderia ser uma das principais razões para algumas das tecnologias controversas, suas revistas acadêmicas, pesquisando os cientistas estão desacreditadas ou ignoradas sem avaliação séria, ou explicar por que meios, por vezes, se concentra na citando parecer cético em relação a mesmo consenso ocidental da académico atingindo novas ideias. por exemplo: tratamento de água pela variante Tempo campo magnético & eletrodo rotativo, ondas de infravermelho distante, Alguns dos Sub / água supercrítica, combustível emulsão de água, hidrodinâmica cavitação, a fusão a frio, em decomposição água Ressonância como gás HHO, efeito de "Electro-se de Carne" para a geração de chuva & ideia mudanças climáticas com base raios cósmicos. Uma razão definitiva para desmascaramento é porque os efeitos podem co-display cientificamente & lei termodinâmica economicamente altamente perturbador violar "over-unidade" e fenômenos "não locais". Mas baixo custo técnicos eficazes prejudiciais ao sistema com base química existente também foram apoiados pelas nações aliado do Ocidente: limpeza da água Eletrocoagulação foi promovido pelos europeus e atualmente eles estão apoiando Plasma activado Água, hidrólise térmica, e vários nanofiltração etc. No geral, baixo custo "da ciência contestada "clean-tech é cada vez mais utilizado por grupos de negócios marginais ou até mesmo por multinacionais, especialmente a nível de fábrica local. E a menos propagação deste novo paradigma bancas em teto baixo de adaptação, "sistema fechado" crença da sociedade em geral vai mudar fundamentalmente a unlimitedness base "sistema aberto" antes de 2030

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linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada ABSTRACT: This presentation covers some of low cost, water related commercialized cleantech that is under-utilized or not commonly known to exist at all, in areas of 1-Environmental cleaning, 2-HVAC improvement, 3- Energy extraction, 4-Industrial processes, 5-Drinking water generation, 6-Geoengineering, 7-Desalination & wastewater treating, 8-Selective bio-enhancing, rust prevention etc. Some of them are convertible for a use in field of energy, medical, biology, weather modification, material science with similar advantages. 、 One of such effects not fully explainable by chemistry, yet officially utilized by some non-Western ally nations, is prolonged "water structure", or/& "activated" electrical charge holding capacity of ions in water. There are multiple treatment methods that can cause sustained unique capability in plain water for at least 4-5 days and used without added chemical or solutes. e.g. a-As detergent for commercial kitchen, butcher or heavy oil removal, b-Non fouling industrial cutting or washing fluid, c-Hospital operation room, or food industry equipment disinfectant, d-Medical: oxygen/hydrophobic drug delivery, skin disease/infection/organ, & upto conventionally untreatable chronic disease. e-Plant/animal growth increase, & brackish water feeding, Removing animal residence odor, f-Increase strength of concrete, ice, paper, g-Enhance flavor of pasta, coffee, bakery, h-Low emission fuel making from subgrade incombustible hydrocarbon, i-Display chemical or mineral effect without chemistry present in water. Some exceptionally electrical-active water seems to even function as "phase catalyst" and used as "plain water concentrate" for similar or more robust effects by dilution.、 Such Scientific Status gap in water tech by nations is fairly common and it affects research funding & market share of effective processes. e.g: water treatment by Time variant magnetic field & Rotating/Concentric Electrode, Far InfraRed waves, Hydrodynamic Cavitation, Sub/SuperCritical water, Non Anthraquinone H2O2, Emulsion fuel, Cold fusion, Resonance H2O decomposing, Acoustic Pulsed Fire Dewatering, Electro-Scavenging effect for rain generation & Cosmic Ray based climate change idea. One reason for discrediting is they might co-display scientifically & economically disruptive seeming thermodynamic over-unity & non-local phenomena. But low cost effective way to displace chemical based system also have been supported in West: Electrooxidation/coagulation or multiple ways of AOP including Ozone was backed by European groups & they are now supporting Plasma Activated Water, Thermal Hydrolysis, Membrane Distillation, & various Nano Filtration etc. Others are accepted but only for certain use: ElectroOsmosis/Poration, Metal ion, 3chamber electrolysis, Vacuum superheated steam, Steam eductor etc. Overall, previously science contested low cost clean water tech is increasingly & rapidly adopted even by multinationals, often accompanied by firm back up of mainstream media, science, & tech awards. And unless spread of this new paradigm stalls soon, limitation based "closed system" belief of society will fundamentally shift to no-limit "open system" before 2030.

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4 p10 Crystallization: Template sssddAssisted, Fluidized Bed etc p21 Ozone & UV etc p41 SuperCritical Water etc p45 Ultrasonic, Cavitation effect, . . . Pulsed Combustion Drying p61 Nano/UltraFine Bubble etc p67 PhotoCatalytic water etc p91 Electrolyzed acid water etc p118 Plasma Activated Water p126 Electrolytic + Venturi etc p141 .Magnetic Water treatment p157 “Phase Catalyst” Water p181 Torsion field/Scalar Wave p190 Far InfraRed, Bioceramic, …….. Minerals treated etc p221 Pumpable Ice Slurry p228 ElectroSpray etc p235 ElectroHydraulic effect p245 Solar Desalination etc p268 SuperHeated Steam etc p288 Magnetic Resonance . Freezing & Thawing p291 Ion projection p298 Ferrous/Ferrate Ion water p310 Vacuum Saturation/DDW, . Steam Jet Ejector/eductor p338 Plant Polymer & Micelle p343 Rain Related Weather …….. Modification p358 Water Technology List SELECTED CONTENTS linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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5 QUALIFICATION OF INFORMATION This presentation might not always reflect the views of mainstream group, particularly of western media, large NGOs, & wikipedia; hence attendants/readers are recommended to re-assess the data from independent perspective: Listed commercialized claims include that are contradicting mainstream science law or effectiveness acceptance level, while empirically deemed to produce effects repeatedly. "Cleantech" here includes "clean chemicals" that are non residual: Ozone, Hydrogen Peroxide, Peracetic Acid, Plasma/ElectroChemical reaction etc Compared to other industries, water technology tends to have wider & varied mechanics to achieve intended physical effects: Labs, schools, even conservative mainstream, or mundane looking companies often use their own effective unique processes not widely known. Many of what is covered here are selected technologies known as effective in some sectors or by small # of consumers but not by other sectors.、 Currently more detailed reference list is being produced & will be published separately: The research is updated based on reviewing academic papers & journals, books, speeches, presentations, patents, lab/commercialized product testimonies/complaints, publications & public records of NGOs/media/research institutes/think tanks/military/space & gov't agencies/industry associations. Due to space constraints, referenced individual names are given with max 3 letters of first name with entire last name(except some non-Western names), & company names are listed in a way that is findable by internet search. 12 page long Water Technology Effect Comparison Grid List is located at the end of presentation. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: WM Accepted effect: J(BOD reduction, Advanced Oxidizing Process, toxin/oil field waste water/sludge decomposing)(WhirlWind.nl+), For ballast water(Globallast ua+), Enhanced oil recovery- additional hydrocarbon quality improvement(Arisdyne+), Sometimes WM Disputed effect, A(Descaling), HVAC application(HyCator, VRTX Technologies+), Pipe cleaning(Group Konstanta «МАНГУСТ»+), Dairy product flow pipe descaling is WM rejected(TEKMASH+): B(anticorrosion of water pipes), C(Algae removal)(CT Systems ua+), D4*(New…. ■ Tech effects Code used in tech lists(located at end of this presentation) are headed by Boldface purple letters as on the right. Code might refer to either or both of a-effect of static water product, b-process effect itself on water rather than water's effect on matter. ■ Commercialized tech claims are listed in(Blue Letter +), and “+” within bracket means other unnamed companies also claim same effect. ■ “*” at example D4* indicates particularly effective application. 6 How to Read Tech Detail Explanation Texts . Technology claims are explained in details in each of 66 dedicated section in coming pages. Example of “Hydrodynamic cavitation” below

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66 Technology names: Well established mainstream application might be omitted from effect explanations. Same techs are listed twice. 1-Crystallization: TAC(Template Assisted), FBC(Fluidized Bed) 2-Pulsed Power, 3-KDF, 4-Metal Ion, 5-Natural Acid, 6-Ozone, 7-UV, 8-Aeration/Anaerobic, 9-Sub &SuperCritical Water/Thermal Liquefaction 10-Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation water, Acoustic Pulse Fire Drying 11-HydroDynamic Cavitation, 12-Spiral Vortex flow, Rankine Vortex 13-Nanobubble-UltraFineBubble, 14-PhotoCatalytic Water treatment 15-Electro Deionization(EDI) & Capacitive De-Ionization(CDI) 16-Electrolysis Alkaline water, 17-Electrolysis Acid water 18-Electrolysis Acid-Alkaline mixed, 19-Boron Diamond Electrolysis 20-Electro Phoresis/migration/reclamation, 21-Fulvic Acid water 22-Nano Material Used Filter, 23-Plasma Activated Water(PAW)/H2O2 24-Electrolytic Metal Alloy & Venturi, 25-ElectroStatic treated water 26-Electric field pulse 7 66 Under utilized Water Technologies: #1-26 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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27-Time Variant Magnetic Field treatment & Rotating Magnetic Field 28-“Phase Catalyst water” or “Catalytic Water” 29-HHO & Hydrogen dissolved water 30-EM & Other Antioxidant type Micro-organism activated water 31-Torsion field & Subtle field treated water 32-Scalar wave & phase conjugated paired wave treated water 33-Mineral, Bioceramic, FIR/Thz wave treated water 34-Vacuum Freezing, 35-Vacuum Flash Vaporization/Vacuum Distillation 36-Water jet, 37-Water Emulsion, 38-Pumpable Ice Slurry 39-Sabatier Reaction & Hydrocarbon production by CO2 + H2O 40-Electro Deposition/ElectroWinning, Plasma Electrolyte Polishing 41-ElectroSpray, 42-ElectroPoration, 43-Electro SonoPhoresis 44-Electro Hydraulic effect, 45-ElectroDialysis/Bipolar Membrane 46-ElectroFloatation, 47-ElectroHeating 8 66 Under utilized Water Technologies: #27-47 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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48-Nitrogen & Carbon Dioxide infused water 49-Solar Distillation, Solar Water treatment, Atmospheric Water Collector 50-SuperCritical Water(also SubCritical, Low Temp Hydrolysis, Steam Plasma) 51-SuperHeated Steam, 52-Degassing/Degassed pure water 53-Biochar/Classic Carbon + UV treated water 54-Slow Acoustic Pulse wave, 55-Nano Material Treated water 56-NanoFiltration water 57-Electric & Magnetic Resonance Freezing-Thawing 58-Ionizing Projection in air-mist 59-Ferrous Ferric/Ferrate Ion, Its oscillation treated water, Iron Sulphate water 60-Vacuum Saturation heating or cooling & Deuterium Depleted Water 61-Membrane Distillation/Pervaporation 62-Mineral, FarInfraRed, High Pressure treated water, Deep Sea Water 63-Other “Anomalous Processes”: from overunity energy to "ORMUS" making 64-Plant NanoPolymer applied water, 65-Rain Related Weather Modification 66-Atmospheric Water Generator 9 66 Under utilized Water Technologies: #48-66 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 1‘Crystallization: Crystallizing water dissolved matter to recover certain material as solids, in this section a-Template Assisted Crystallization, b-Fluidized Bed Crystallization are covered(For Freeze Crystallization see section 34'). a-Template Assisted Crystallization: TAC; This particular naming is branded & used in English speaking nations but other names/no particular names used in other nations. Water treating resin bead media with special surface triggers nucleation pattern of dissolved elements WM Accepted effect: A(Scale prevention in water pipe) Calcium Carbonate: CaCO3 etc crystallizes in microscopic scale when it passes TAC media so that it remains in water instead of depositing onto the water pipe wall as hard scale formulation. B(anti-corrosion in water pipe): rarely this claim is made as most companies in this category are focused in core Western Mainstream(WM) market, but it is possible some of TAC media might be triggering additional effects by WM unapproved mechanics such as i-charge creation by ceramic beads hitting each other, or ii-some kind of non-light-photolytic process or metal ion, iii-some media contains metal, magnet particles, or FarInraRed emitting bioceramic which has same effect etc. Pipe descaling effect seems to be much faster than magnetic or electric field types Might be less effective at heavy solutes contained. Commercialized examples: Watercryst, Nextfiltration, OneFlow + 10 1‘Crystallization: Effect Accepted by Western Mainstream(WM) as valid linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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b-Fluidized Bed Crystallization(FBC)/Pellet Reactor: Crystallized pellets of various minerals/heavy metal etc are recovered or reused(eg Calcium Carbonate: CaCO3[Calcite] etc) at drinking water or wastewater processing. This method often involves chemical dosage but non-chemical cleantech option exists. WM Accepted effect: A(Scale prevention in water pipe), By water softening effect combined with resource recovery: fine sand/silica/calcium on a fluidized bed become nucleus for inorganic material to continue crystallizing to pellet size for recovery & utilization, Substantial installation in Netherlands but in most other hardwater countries especially Americas it remains underused or not used at all. Deployed at small to large drinking water treatment facilities(Hydro-Elektrik GmbH, Veolia Actina, Reststoffenunie Waterleidingbedrijven BV, Symphonic water solutions+): cleantech option is non injection of low impact chemical(Caustic soda NaOH, Lime CaOH2) to raise pH for enhanced crystallization. Lime pellets recovered are used for fertilizer/steel/cement/construction industry application. New calcite nucleus(not sand) pellet growth for higher quality lime for increased return(Waternet nl+), 11 1‘Crystallization: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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12 1‘Crystallization: continued 3 -->>cont: b-Fluidized Bed Crystallization(FBC)/Pellet Reactor: ■Unlisted effect(Resource or toxin, heavy metal recovery): in addition to water softening purpose, FBC's ability to crystallize solutes in water is used for wastewater cleaning combined with resource recovery. This method often deploys chemical dosage, but some companies can use cleantech method of non chemical dose or it is all recovered for reuse hence no effluent is produced(Century Water Systems, Ever-clear 萬年清環境工程股份有限公司 +). Phosphorus Recovery: (Royal HaskoningDHV - Crystalactor+), add magnesium dosed for crystallization of phosphorus but all recovered for fertilizer use (Mitsubishi Kakoki, PHOSNIX - Hitachi Zosen+), But unlike other processes, for this purpose, there are many innovative method that must always use low dose chemical/polymer for flocculation(hence not covered in this research) that are as or in some cases more effective/lower cost. P(Sludge reduction), S(separation of waste & toxin): as a result this enables separation of unprocess-able elements, & reduces sludge to be handled at rest of wastewater process & make more entire system to function more effectively (particularly Anaerobic Digestion) by providing concentrated sludge feedstock. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 2’Pulsed Power: Strong Electromagnetic field pulsation causes water and dissolved ion molecule behavior to be affected: For some effects like pipe scale prevention, official WM acceptance occurs only in Pulsed Power categorization while other much lower cost system with essentially the same mechanics tech are pseudoscience treatment:(actually the portion of higher H2O2 type Reactive Species are generated with Pulsed Power via plasma generation in water but this is often not mentioned as difference by WM). Such as 25’Electrostatic 26’Alternating Electric field, 27’Alternating Magnetic field, and to some extent 24’Electrolytic metal ion and venturi do generate some micro plasma by some of effective models. High powered pulse is easier to make microplasma or even larger plasma in water(for some unclear reason certain weaker power systems seem to be able to make one also: frequency? waveform?) Only difference is high cost of device, frequency(in some cases) & how much high power is used to generate the effect. It might be beneficial for seller of similar tech products to use Pulsed Power as branding name for WM acceptance, which might seem to happen with some weaker power using devices. 13 2’Pulsed Power : Effect Accepted by Western Mainstream(WM) as valid: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Accepted effect: A(Descaling), B(unti-corrosion), C(algae stifling) by altering electric charge of CaCO3 type elements so that it would continue to be suspended in water instead of attaching to pipe walls, or stifle germs activity, High power devices also caused by shockwaves to rupture cell walls, Also effective in fouling control by different mechanics but same microplasma type generating Microwave induction(Onvector+), also widely known to increase microwave plasma induction by ultrasonic wave, H(oil water separation, demulsion), J(Waste water cleaning), P(Sludge reduction or odor remove), H2(Dewatering), See section 42’Electroporation for more of above “J”,”P”, “H2”effects, Commercialized eg: (Dolphin WaterCare, Griswold Water System, Genesis Environmental Service co+) As generally in West, this type of contrast often happens to coincide when existing tech lobbying is strong enough to deny tech validity of lower cost same effect technology across different industry sectors(eg: energy industry; Water emulsion of unburnable oil into low emission fuel, medical industry: Vaccine, Cancer treatment exclusive only valid treatment while clearly documented more effective much lower cost techs are legally banned from quoting evidence and witness). 14 2’Pulsed Power : continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 3’KDF(Kinetic Degradation Fluxion): Media with copper-zinc formulation, some relation to 24’Electrolytic metal water treatment, Works by triggering electrochemical oxidation reduction(by copper and zinc in the media) to water for CaCO3 etc to remain in solution. Also ion reaction for bacteria stifling effect. Often used with Activated Carbon or a part of many filtering in a drinking water system. Stand along system usually need backwash every month or more, Usually piggy backing other media or filters combined in treatment system: WM Accepted effect: C(Algae germ stifling) Sometimes media Disputed effects, but WM science accepted: A(antiscale of pipes), B(anti corrosion), Commercialized eg: (CuZn Water, TowerClean, H2O Concepts +) 15 3’KDF: Effect mix of Accepted & Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM): linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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16 4’Metal Ion: Effect mix of Accepted & Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM): linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada ■ 4’Metal Ion: Metal ions of Silver/Copper/Zinc to dissolve into water, WM Accepted effects: C&D(Algae germ stifling as process or as water), N(Food detergent), Sometimes WM media level Disputed: A(Descaling water pipes):(BrightWater Environmental +) ■Weaker effects: Result is stronger in as "full effect" when offered by certain specific mix of metal ions(often to do with silver: see "colloidal or ionic solution" at section 63') or some kind of "EM wave amplification" types offered by some companies. Effect gap in this area depended on technology might be significant. This seem to include metal ion itself becomes or/and surrounding water into biologically active resonance state with selective bioenhancing controlling ability: H(oil water separation), K(Dirty lake, river, ocean water cleaning, fish enhancement): significant result in smaller sized pond, but effect is weak in ocean or flowing river: Commercialized eg:(Cromwell Environment Technologies, Nevoton, Ocion, Procare Water Treatment, AquaSmarter VALTECH, Exterminator Pond+), Unique Silver ion + H2O2 mix for augmented effect of "stabilized" hydrogen peroxide(Roam Technology Huwa San - BioXeco, Sanosil AG, +) or catalyzed?(Hei Hungerbach): WM sometimes insist Ag should decompose H2O2. ■Unclear but seemingly similar mechanics: Specialty electroplating process of nickel which reacts to water, for significantly increased germ killing even over silver(Kobelco KENIFINE): can be applied to paint as powder, surface is too hard to scratch away.

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■ 5’Natural Acids: Here only a few of them are highlighted from large # of acids that can be referred to as naturally fast degradable(hence no toxin): acids synthesizable from natural ingredients(but usually chemically produced for commercial purpose including ingredients). Some are fully generated by natural environment or bio organism. Due to no residual this qualifies as water cleantech. Also see Hypochlorous acid(HOCl) at section 17' & 18'Electrolysis, 19'Fulvic acid(C14H12O8). Very widely used H2O2 is not covered in this presentation.、 i- Citric Acid(C6H8O7): Commercialized eg (NuvoH2O, eH2O, Precision Dynamics+). Standard process in oil refining/degumming, but under-utilized usage as follows: WM Accepted effect: D(general cleaning), in rare cases product is used without chemical mix on commercial scale. -->>cont: 17 5’Natural Acid: Effect mix of Accepted & Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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18 5’Natural Acid: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada -->>cont: i-Citric Acid: Disputed for commercialized benefit by some media or conventional water treatment company linked articles, Effects are widely accepted as valid for historical traditional manual home type applications but far less # of academic documents to officially approve practicality for commercial use, while some industry linked “credible” groups deny it’s effectiveness. Many chemical scale or other water related treatment methods combine citric acid with other chemical/mechanics. A(Descaling), as chelating agent to soften water by reacting with CaCO3 type scale elements, H(oil-water separation), M(Spray, soak water to last food, less mold), N(Food detergent), Y(Insectcide, herb stifler), Weaker effect: B(Decorrosion or rust prevention), F(Laundry detergent as water), i.e.: effective only in narrower range of situation.

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ii--Peracetic Acid(C2H4O3)(PAA, Peroxyacetic acid): Full std process in many industrial applications with very large volume used, but significant regional/industrial segment acceptance gap with particularly low level in consumer use or water treatment related application. Might require modification in flow system installation due to high metal corrosivity. Basically a mix of vinegar and hydrogen peroxide. More maintained oxidation ability with organic matter mix, also effective at lower temperature operation. Even now occasional cleantech debunking occurs & described as "harmful residual chemical" by a small part of mainstream or cleantech promotor by lumping together with other chemicals that are toxic. Some large commodity Hydrogen Peroxide(H2O2) producers actively participate for specific end use. WM Accepted effect: Many offer cross-over effects: A(Descaling), useable for heavy scale depositing situation(Evonik DEGACLEAN+), C*(algae-germ killing),(Vetoquinol HYPEROX+), D(general cleaning, disinfectant)(Химитек +), F(Laundry detergent as water)(Belinka Perkemija PERSAN+) J(cleaning wastewater)(USP Technologies, Solvay Chemicals+): low initial infra cost and simple operation advantage, Strong enough to have effective results on oil field fracking water (PeroxyChem VigorOx, Ecolab NALCO Champion+), 85-100% water recycling as a module system(Organo jp, 水ing リンサー排水回収システム ARRoWS® +), additionally even hot water heat is recovered for use(Kurita), L(drinking water generation), usually for domestic stock/animal(Agraplan Peraclean, Tevan Panox+), -->>cont: 19 5’Natural Acid: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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20 5’Natural Acid: continued 4 -->>cont: ii--Peracetic Acid:、 M*(Spray on seed/crops to disinfect)(Jet Harvest, PERAgreen Solutions+), N(Food detergent)(Enviro Tech Chemical Services, Миссия "Лега"+): Strong oxidizer, Fast complete degradation, freezing point -40C. Many effects are quite potent after high dilution & used in some industrial disinfection over toxic chemicals even when it is not issue, while underused in other sectors. There is added synergy by pretreatment effect for UV. Many also offer in powder form to be diluted by water for use(Atomesbio BIOXY+), ■ Other H2O2 based Peracetic acid variation(Freebac+), H2O2 + Formic acid => Performic acid(CH2O3: freezing point -18C)(Kemira DesinFix+), Other acid mix:(Novus ACTIVATE wd+): there are many other variations that are biodegradable and low cost. Also Most products are transported & stored before application, but there are 25-40% less cost Peracetic Acid onsite production upto 30% range concentration type grades from various chemicals(Peracetic Acid Systems+), while Water & Air based onsite production is much lower cost(Eltron Water IMPAACT+)(max 3%[30,000ppm]) with negligible vol catalyst ■ Other Natural Acids that are mainly limited to DIY type use: small scale utilization with some of prementioned situations, and it is possible to use cost effectively in many situations as is or by blending with other natural acids, but in most industrial situations mixed with chemicals: eg Ascorbic Acid(C6H8O6: Vitamin C), Acetic Acid(CH3COOH: Vinegar) etc. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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21 6‘Ozone: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 6‘Ozone: Part of std process in early stage water disinfection, but rare to replace chlorine as final stage drinking water treatment before circulation mainly due to regulations(Xylem Wedeco+). Despite some WM claims of opposite, cost can be already lower than chemical tech in majority of cases. Also when not isolate Ozone only effect, other byproduct radicals co-produced & its synergy seem to magnify effect(can be 2-20 fold more effective with likely by Hydroxyl generation[OH•]): there are many other ways than UV to produce: ■ Electrolytic Ozone Generation(Biotek-Ozone), ■ Spiral vortex water ozone generator (Ailove.co.jp+), ■ Platinum based coating(with Ir, Ru or Rh) of Titanium electrode (Tanaka Kikinzoku+) etc, ■ Concentrated -supersaturated ozone dissolved in water by bubble size & pressure control etc (BlueInGreen, AirTree Ozone+). ■ Plasma/Corona discharge in water(Ebara EJK jp, Ozomax inc+): often in pulse mode, ■ Emphasis on duel insitu sterilization by two choices with H2O2(Teknomar+), also see 19’Diamond Electrolysis, ■ Catalyst based Ozone(Ozontech Systems AB+): some effective ones seem to be ozone water exposed to corona/plasma discharge, ■ Ceramic based Ozone & likely other reactants co-producing(Medklinn+) 、 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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22 WM Accepted effects: In some nations not widely deployed: C&D(Algae-germ stifling process, or as water short term): Ozonated ice/Ozone ice is rarely used application outside of prolonged fish preservation(O3-Matic, KoronaOzon+), Claims WM unapproved max 20ppm ozone dissolved (ワイズカンパニー オゾン水)  I(grease trap cleaning, kitchen odor removal):(Kanplakun, Oxytech GmbH+), Long lasting Stabilized Aqueous Ozone(Tersano), Low temp Medical Sterilization(TSO3+), Partial agriculture pesticide replacement while crop growth is enhanced by increased oxygen supply(AgOzein, AgO3 nz+), Wine industry(Pacific Ozone+), Semi pseudoscientized effective dental treatment(healOzone+), 、 6‘Ozone: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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23 6‘Ozone: continued 3 -->cont: WM Accepted effects: J(AOP:Advanced Oxidation Process waste water treatment etc): organic mater is decomposed instead of absorbtion type process like filtering which requires another process (also see 7'UV), Ozone type AOP often involves H2O2, OH-(Hydroxide ion), Singlet Oxygen([1O2]: excited state, regular ground state is triplet[3O2]) etc co-production of Electrolytic related activity which generates OH•(hydroxyl radical), but there seems to be other multiple ways of OH• production that is not understood/agreed upon(Silver Bullet Corp+).、 AOP is offered by many ozone & electrolyzer providers but still underutilized in many sectors/nations(Note non-ozone based AOPs are also listed here to give comparison). Companies' focus on different mechanics: i-Ozone + H2O2(Trussell Technologies+), ii-H2O2 + UV(Calgon Carbon Sentinel - Rayox+): can be used for wastewater as well as drinking water with residual Hydrogen Peroxide to replace chlorine if regulation allows (also generally no risk for O3 related Bromate byproducts), iii-Ozone water + UV (Spartan ULTRAZONE+), iv-Some use all major multiple combo i-iii to maximize multiple reactive specie production, and can deliver mega size wastewater oxidation system(Ozonia - Degrémont - SUEZ, TrojanUV+), v-Nanobubble Ozone increases effect when organic material attaches to negative electron of finebubble surface(Sumitomo Seimitsu Kogyo+), vi-Some combine with Hydrodynamic cavitation(Ozomax inc+), Others combine cavitation from Ultrasonic & Hydrodynamic to further significantly augment effect for high flow AOP(OZONIX Ecosphere Tech+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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24 6‘Ozone: continued 4 -->>cont: WM Accepted effects: J(AOP): Some focus on niche markets: i-Competitive in Pulp & paper bleaching(ZeTrac Valmet - Metso+), ii-Ground remediation by all insitu generation electrochemical process(Kerfoot Technologies+), or by high pressure pulse mode injection of Ozone & H2O2 (Applied Process Technologies APTwater HiPOx+), iii--For Produced & Flowback water at Oil industry(atg UV+), iv--Mini AOP portable device(Ozo-Pen+), v-For ocean water fishpond, or hot spring baths(Toyo Valve ピュアキレイザー+), etc Under-explored regularly claimed effects, H(effective in water oil separation), M(food disinfection), N(food detergent, Ozone/Ultrasonic can combine to increase effectiveness), R(metal precision, high tech parts washing): Wafer, semiconductor, LCD(liquid crystal display), photomask parts, ozone nanobubble infused water is most effective washing fluid in some parts(MKS Instruments, Nomura nms, Ovivowater +), W(degassing) E(Industrial type cleaner), S(coagulation, toxin separation) Sometimes Disputed effects, A(pipe scale prevention by stifling biological element), Strong AOP insitu reactive specie mix for drastically reduce or eliminate chemical blowdown (Ozomax inc, BWT Coolzon, OzoCan+),+), B(corrosion prevention)(Ozone Elettronica - De Nora+). linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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25 6‘Ozone: continued 5 Generally WM media Rejected effects, significantly lower cost version by Ozone use and already major commercial use in some regions: F(laundry, detergent as water or process, effective in cold water use(unless washing load is very dirty[then use lukewarm], Ozone dissolved type is more effective than direct air ozone injection, Some still uses reduced small amount of detergent to activate its effect): eg PureWash, Guardian Manufacturing, Air Trona +): Often plasma type method is used(can involve UV pulse), co-producing H2O2, Hydroxyl Radical etc, some combine other pseudoscientific methods to increase effectiveness(eg Magnetic water: EcoWasher+), Nanobubble use(Cwtozone+), Validity confirmation of low cost and effectiveness is sometimes avoided by WM academic while still appealed as complete pseudoscience at main media(targeting consumer market), but amongst scientists and industrial sector this tech is a common sense and regularly used, linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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26 6‘Ozone: continued 6 -->>cont: Generally WM media Rejected effects, significantly lower cost version by Ozone use and already major commercial use in some regions: Z(Plant growth enhancement[aside from disinfection] by irrigation): Mainly Plasma Activated water/Electrosprayed water containing Ozone or separately ozone water makes plant robust while reducing needs for pesticide(develop resistance), Some insist effect is only due to extra oxygen(Oxion Inc+), Enhancing roots(Novozone ltd+), Something more than just delivering extra oxygen & its effects(Mountain High Water, Ozonetrust.ir+). Academical interpretation is soil quality enhanced with electrolyte concentration and more absorbing softer soil even clays, UV irradiation might be additionally required(Han Steffen+). Additionally saves water also(Climate Control Systems Inc, Creative OZ-Air pvt+), This effect resembles Phase Catalyst Water production methods(see section 28', also 23'Plasma Activated Water, 41'Electrospray ) Unlisted effects: ■ Water oil emulsion fuel etc production: Rotating Electrode(also Concentric Cylinder Electrode or vortex swirling type electrode)use 25% more efficient ozone generator use(Inpal net+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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27 7‘UV UltraViolet ray: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Fully rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 7‘UV, widely deployed effect, Not always same effect as 6‘Ozone tech due to some UV types incorporate various reactive species generation(H2O2 etc leading to Hydroxyl Radical production: strongest "nonchemical" type oxidizer) for disruptive level effect(WM media sometimes unapproved). Also as effect itself one fundamental difference is UV simply disinfects, but Ozone has oxidation capability, while UV exposure of Ozone generates amplified disinfection ability with Hydroxyl generation. But especially on effective versions, exact detail on i-catalyst/electro chemical process, ii-what reactants are co-produced, or iii-what chemical interaction & types of oxidizing takes place in their reactions seem to be both secret & unclearly identified at the same time. Even cost for non-AOP/regular type UV is increasingly becoming lower cost than chemical system overall by various tech advancement & environmental regulation: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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28 7‘UV: continued2 -->>:Lowering cost of various UV techs: ■i Electrodeless UV lamp by microwave/plasma use for instant turn on & off, light direction flexibility, adjust light, low heat etc: (Severn Trend Denora, MEC co Ltd +), ■ii similar benefits in LED UV/UV-C LED/Excimer UV(laser like concentration to focus on selectivity): (Aquisense, Aquionics, Acuva Technologies, RayVio+), often significant effectiveness dependence on UV equipment makers, and sometimes owned by them, Original UV inventor offering water treatment is rare(U-VIX+), ■iii Unique quartz inlined water pipe to continuously reflect UV light in very effective way combined with ultrasonic transducer to prevent scaling(Atlantium+), ■iv Non water contact easy maintenance UV lights surround transparent wastewater pipe with self cleaning turbulent flow(Enaqua Grundfos+), ■v Vertical reactor & flow control(Ozonia aquaray SUEZ+), ■vi Further stronger high powered UV pulse(in some cases takes 1/30-40 time of continuous UV)(Xenex, Excelitas, econos 環境対策+): AOP type effect. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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29 7‘UV: continued3 -->>:various UV techs: For AOP Level strength: ■i Hydrogen Peroxide H2O2 co-production and eventual Hydroxyl radical generation seems to be one of key factors for high effectiveness(compared to Ozone only, far stronger effects produced by synergy with other insitu produced reactants) as repeated often in 7'UV & 6'ozone section, including Photo Fenton Reaction(Enviolet+), but also ■ii some irradiate Ozone water with UV for significantly amplified effect(Sen Lights UZON+), ■iii TiO2+UV - Photocatalytic combo, WM Accepted effect: C(bacteria stifling at pool etc), J(AOP process or/and disinfection): Commercial pool doable with on par or superior effects(DEL Ozone+), Ballast water(Alfa Laval, Hyde Marine, BIO-SEA/BIO-UV+), linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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30 7‘UV: continued4 -->>cont: WM Accepted effect: Super high performance officially pre-made enough vol of Hydrogen Peroxide(H2O2) feeding for waste water treatment combo with UV system exists since 1990s(ULTROX, Vulcan - Calgon Carbon Perox-Pure+) which was often shelved by buyouts & other methods etc, but actually many seem to be capable of further disruptive water+air based insitu production of low concentration H2O2 with UV combo(Eltron Water PeroxEgen+): this tech's effectiveness is sometimes WM debunked as "UV cannot penetrate well even slight turbid water". Shirt pocket carried mini device(SteriPen), While Sometimes WM Disputed effects are: A(pipe descaling) by production of H2O2, Ozone, Hydroxyl(Silver Bullet Water+): this company also claims Singlet Oxygen production as a cause. Occasionally claimed effect of above temporarily decomposed water functions as E(Industrial cleaner), ■ Weaker occasionally claimed effects S(Coagulation, toxin separation). ■ Other commercialized eg: (UV Pure, Phonix Science and Technology, LG Innotek +) 、 WM Fully rejected: Prolonged UV treatment combined with other processes(pressure, distillation-condensation repetition, temperature, cavitation, electrolysis) produces electrically active capacity holding or bioenhancing effect water(Penta AquaRX+): linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 8‘ Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria Activation(See ♛Anaerobic Digestion 6 pages later): Also see 30'EM, 13'Nanobubble/Finebubble/Microbubble Air or oxygen as dissolved in water is circulated so that aerobic bacteria is activated to consume organic waste faster. Most std process in many parts of drinking water & waste water treatments, but not in other processes. There are less deployed but notable combined stronger claims with Ultrasonic, Microbubble(down to more effective Nanobubble/Ultrafine Bubble) for enhanced effects. WM Accepted widely used effects: C(Algae stifling) different elements can make the process ineffective, S(Coagulation), H(oil-water separation): std process, J(waste water cleaning): Although activated sludge process with separate aeration & settling tanks are starting to become common amongst existing sewer waste water treatment system, Membrane BioReactor: MBR(faster processing & smaller space taking, scalable sizing) is already mainstream standard on new installation level(Bio Microbics+). Some claim to function with 1/2 size of regular MBR tank size(Kubota+), 、-->>cont: 31 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by (WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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32 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 2: Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria 2 -->>cont: WM Accepted widely used effects: J(wastewater aeration): Other competitive low cost effective aerations by: i- selecting bacteria that needs less oxygen(American Water NPXpress+), ii- very high oxygen retention & large biofilm area generation: Membrane Aerated Biofilm Reactor:MABR(Emefcy, GE water ZeeLung, OxyMem +), aerating nano ceramic "gill"(BioGill), similar?(Microvi), iii- deep vertical underground shaft with separate up/down controlled flow to maximize hyperbaric oxygenation(NORAM VERTREAT), iv- pressurized oxygen feeding with rotating ceramic membrane disc that diffuses fouling(Grundfos BioBooster+), v- Aerobic and Anaerobic processes take place alternatingly (AtlasEnergyTech - Baswood BioViper+), vi- Simple containerized highly adoptable non reactor type single-pass treatment by advanced composite polymer material enhanced biofilm & filter media system(Island Water Tech REGEN), -->>continued linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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33 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 3: Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria 3 -->>cont: WM Accepted widely used effects: J(wastewater aeration): Other competitive low cost effective aerations by: vii- Unique low maintenance tray based compact Air Stripping system(not packed tower which is mainstream in many nations[Tonka Water, Layne Christensen+]) that removes almost all toxic VOC: Volatile Organic Compounds (QED Environmental Systems, Carbonair+), viii- Supersaturated /concentrated air or oxygen dissolved in water by bubble size & pressure control etc(BlueInGreen+) ix- Combination of aeration and hydrodynamic cavitation(株式会社ネクストリー+) ■ This is not really aeration, but at about 10% size of equivalent performing conventional primary treatment settling tank with 1/2 power use with improved overall performance by Rotating Belt Filtration(screen belt) is still not well propagated in some markets(Hydro International Hydro MicroScreen, Blue Water Eco MAT+), same mechanics with sludge dewatering added(Salsnes Filter) -->>continued linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->cont: WM Accepted widely used effects: J(waste water cleaning): Membrane BioReactor(MBR): In addition to smaller tank, 20-30% less energy use & low CAPEX by aerobic granular sludge generating quicker setting(Royal HaskoningDHV Nereda): initiated by Delft Univ.(There is slight disputing on effectiveness at media level) Although some universities in West pioneer new water technology commercialization, This group from Netherlands has most frequently been the driving force of bringing in previous pseudoscience into WM as science legal effects. Often when they publish western unapproved but non western nations granted effects, suddenly it becomes "discovered" & other western scientists can officially start studying it for the first time. L(Drinking water production): Slow Sand Filter(SSF) by biofilm effect(schmutzdecke) has been long used as very effective low cost method with essentially only cost is occasional sand cleaning. Mostly replaced by "new conventional" methods since around 1950s by exaggerated media ineffectiveness appeal, lack of profitability (when this system is sold compared to other mechanical-chemical types) & short term land sales profit in low cost land area, and genuinely higher cost in super high land cost area. 34 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 4: Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: WM Accepted: L(Drinking water production): Slow Sand Filter(SSF) by biofilm effect(schmutzdecke): Its high effectiveness in removing heavy metal to undesired bacteria is not fully WM explained. *Also effective as activated sludge combined waste water treatment is now becoming under-utilized status on new installation basis, replaced by another bio process MBR(Membrane BioReactor). Given established economic system, more suitable to install new in poor nations with low cost land that doesn't disrupt local overall business structure. With mechanical sand cleaning system, low cost labour is no longer essential. Cost competitiveness diminishes in long freezing season area(BioSand Filter - Manz Engineering, Bushproof, South Asia Pure Water Initiative+), Often due to low profitability(too cheap) notable NGOs handling rather than prv companies(similar phenomena to solar desalination or atmospheric water collector)(DHAN Vayalagam foundation+), but some eco conscious Western companies are taking up again(Osmo Sistemi+) J(waste water cleaning): effect in sludge digestion by some high aeration methods has WM media occasionally Disputed portion as to whether non-conventional aeration methods are much more effective than regular aeration types. In certain applications/situations some are reported to demonstrate disruptively increased effectiveness in following types: Spiral aerator type(Pax Water Technologies+), Z(bioenhancement, extra plant growth)(Seair inc+) -->>continued 35 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 5: Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: J(waste water cleaning): WM media occasionally Disputed Portion: Bottom up spiral vortex bubble aerator(Hanasaki Bussan Neo Tornado+), Bottom up slow pulsed air seems to save 50-95% of energy with low maintenance no moving parts mechanics & variety of unconventional favorable side effects(Pulsair Systems, Pulsed Hydraulics inc, Geyser Pulse Pumps +): this tech is widely used for a long time by military types and many mainstream organizations in specific segment Oloid aeration for surface floating device(Oloid.ch+): likely the most effective in exclusive surface aeration tech, BioCeramic contained microbe use(BioCleaner+), Cavitation Jet(DynaSwirl+), Some unidentified bacteria combo seem to have pseudoscientifically effective results(Sludge Solutions International+), Adding infused microbubbles & ultrasound(Blue Frog System+): for smaller nanosized Ultra fine bubble aeration(Anzaimcs+) see 13’Nanobubble. For Vortex types see 11’HydroDynamic Cavitation & 12’Spiral Vortex Flow. For Aerobic/Anaerobic digestion also see 30’EM. Generally WM Rejected effect: D2(Human preferred selective herb-insect removing), G2(energy/fuel production), microbial EOR(New AERO technology): cleantech mainstream level acceptance is increasing. Unlisted Effect: Unusually low energy use(80-90% less) effective aeration & decomposing of waste water when rapidly changing pressure was applied as liquid travels to & out of rotating treating drums via settling tanks: Bio-Disk Rotating Biological Contractor (החברה לאיכות הסביבה .ט.ל E.P.C. ltd Bio-Disk+) 36 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 6: Aeration & Aerobic Bacteria 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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37 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 7: Anaerobic Digestion(AD) ♛Anaerobic Digestion(AD)(Anaerobic AnMBR): microbes consume waste content in water to produce methane gas(natural gas) in absence of oxygen, which can be used to produce power, some water treatment operations are net electricity exporter. Pre-treatment like mild hydrolysis etc increases digestion effectiveness WM Accepted effects, widely used in some nations, J(wastewater cleaning) specifically ammonia oxidation/decomposing: Anammox Process(Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation)(Paques nl, Kurita, DEMON GmbH, Hitachi+), likely similar(Microvi). 、 Also as four element combined effect of: J(waste water cleaning)/P(sludge reduction)/C2(plant growth promote matter generating)/G2(energy fuel production): CHP(Combined Heat & Power) use often at least to heat AD tank. There are installation gaps by nations & industry/sector of full mainstream use to under-utilization. -->>cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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38 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 8: Anaerobic Digestion(AD) 2 -->>cont: WM Accepted effects: J(waste water cleaning)/P(sludge reduction)/C2(plant growth promote matter generating)/G2(energy fuel production): FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT: One of std process in: Food/Beverage etc industry related process anywhere in world(Paques nl+) or North West Europe in all sectors including public waste water treatment,(Veolia Exelys-Biothelys, Hydroitalia - Colsen, WABAG, Hager+Elsaesser). Algae assisted(Aquanos, MBD Energy, Algae Enterprises+), even portable type available(Ennesys FREEWATERBOX). Microbubble/Nanobubble CO2 infusion might increase up to 2wice gas production(Perlemax+): this also seems to apply to algae productivity 、 US/Canada have lower municipality water installation & technically capable service companies located there mainly install industrial/farming clients or overseas cities for this specific process system(GE Water, WOG group, ADI Systems+), many non-western nations utilization is low. For light wastewater from beverage/meat/dairy processing types, new even significantly lower cost tech is advancing(NVP Energy+): e.g. Low temp anaerobic digestion(<20°C) with no aeration requirement, super high sludge digestion, low maintenance, 85%+ biogas concentration -->>cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM Accepted effects: J(waste water cleaning)/P(sludge reduction)/C2(plant growth promote matter generating)/G2(energy fuel production): FOR LIQUID INVOLVED HEAVIER TO SOLID WASTE: Compared to municipality waste water treatment, heavier solid waste content agricultural or process integrated industrial waste water has lot higher rate of installations: sophisticated mid-large power generation system in Germany(10,000, less extent to other NW Europe, further less in other advanced nations)(EnviTec Biogas, BTA international, Krieg & Fischer Ingenieure, OWS nv+): often smaller type of gas only use: some nations like Brazil/Middle East etc, but particularly in India/Pakistan(4 million+)(Biotech India, Beta Pak Biogas+), China with state backed DIY type system(40 million+), Though volume differs by methods, still significant amount of byproduct Biogas Digestate needs to have a way of disposing as sales channel or self consumption route : Agricultural co-application(for farming far enough from the city area due to the smell), Combustion/gasification fuel, Cellulosic ethanol processing etc 39 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 9: Anaerobic Digestion(AD) 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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40 8‘Aeration, Aerobic Bacteria, Anaerobic Digestion continued 10: Anaerobic Digestion(AD) 4 -->>cont: WM Accepted effects: J(waste water cleaning)/P(sludge reduction)/C2(plant growth promote matter generating)/G2(energy fuel production): SMALL SIZE APPLICATION: In some other parts of world it is little used while rapidly increasing deployment in others. Septic tank can be converted to be methane recovery system(BiogasPro Agama+). Movable house gas making device suitable for Western environment(HomeBiogas+), ■ Unlisted effect: Recovery of Phosphorus from waste water before or during cleaning process to increase treatment efficiency or AD process itself, often recovered as struvite, some methods might combine with conventional recovery method of adding chemical magnesium/calcium for crystallization or pH adjustment NaOH(HydroItalia-Colsen ANPHOS, Rephosmaster, Ostara, Swing-w, CNP AirPrex, Herning Vand - Aarhus Vand Phosphor+), Bacteria(Polyphosphoric acid) use might be more cost effective?(Organo, Kurita+) or Algea use?(Claras Water Recovery+). Also non water related process or recoverable-reuseable chemical use(ie still cleantech) from wastewater sludge ash(REMONDIS TetraPhos+) or pyrolysis based treatment(Hitachi Zosen+) seems to be lower cost linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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41 9’SuperCritical Water: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Fully rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 9’SuperCritical Water(SCW)(also see more at section 50'SuperCritical Water which includes related low pressure low temp Hydrolysis, This presentation also categorizes lower temperature Subcritical & Hydrolysis lumped together): There are many mainstream fully endorsed tech applications in variations. Especially catalysis used & lower temperature - pressure used hydrolysis types are common in specific industrial segment(biomass anaerobic treatment, toxin decomposing, solid waste, Chemical/Pulp/Paper, Pharma, Oil refining industry etc) but lot less so in others, Might involve close to 100% efficiency Hydrothermal combustion/Hydrothermal flame in the process. Coal Water Slurry element use is led by China which is sort of taboo to use in mainstream west business.、 WM Accepted effects: A(descaling pipes), all salts are recovered, like heavy concentration phosphorus from municipal wastewater?, J*(BOD reduction, Advanced Oxidizing Process-AOP, toxin decomposing/depolymizing/SuperCritical Water Oxidation: SCWO),(SCFI Aqua Critox+), Particular focus on problematic wastewater(Aquarden+), Currently rare large municipal scale waste water sludge treatment(SuperWater Solutions), Also China's SCW is primarily for this purpose (except Coal Water Slurry & IGCC coal power generation with added H2 made from water): (陕西万丰能源环保科技有限公司 Shaanxi Wanfeng Energy Environmental Protection Technology, 新奥环保携创新技术有限公司 Xinao Group, 碧流天能 Blue Energy +), linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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42 9’SuperCritical Water: continued 2 —>> cont: WM Accepted less commercially viable effects: H2(Dewater-drying food/organic matter),(Nomura-genesis +)as superheated steam, also this process enhances deoxydizng effect(in expanded vapour form there is almost no oxygen left) as opposite of its well known oxidization. L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+); only cost viable in limited situations WM media occasionally Disputed, effects, it is on way to mainstream media acceptance also, Complete WM science, G2(Energy-fuel production: hydrocarbon/Char): in often most cost competitive manner out of organic waste-trash or biomass including cellulosic/Iignin types as full depolymerization with minimal need of pre-separation, or sometimes less shredding(Licella - Ignite, REG Synthetic Fuels, Steeper Energy, GreatPoint Energy, Genifuel+), Algae specialized (NIWA-Solray-Muradel+): some are direct liquefaction, others are via Sub or SuperCritical Water(SCW) gasification: Sewage sludge gasification is done very quietly by mainstream now(Meta Water+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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43 9’SuperCritical Water: continued 3 WM Fully rejected as occasionally claimed effects: Many of proprietary type so called “Healing” type or “Catalytic” type water seem to involve trade secret rapid heating/cooling often under high or low pressure than atmosphere in specific precision order/pressure/temperature/duration combination as main process, many are treated in Subcritical realm. This seems usually augmented/accompanied by either : Hydrodynamic cavitation, EM wave treatment (mainly UV, ELF, EHF, Thz), Plasma discharge, Vaporazing-condensing, Electrolysis, certain mineral(often FIR emitting or "electrically perpetually active" types like Tourmaline, or negatively charged Bentonite etc) or biopolymer or bio enhancing type herbs or bacteria mixing prior to the treatment,(see 62-63’General Summary of Anomalous “Vitalizing Effect Water”), -->> continued linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: WM Fully rejected as occasionally claimed effects: Many of proprietary or “Catalytic” type water: Effects: Sealed water claimed to last up to 5yrs for its effects, and produced water is used as concentrate for 10-1000+ times dilution: D(Algae germ stifling as water), Z(Plant/animal grow larger-faster with water), B2(Less plant water needs), C2(soil desalination effect), D2(selective human prefered herb-germ-insect enhancing), E2(flavor enhancement), F2(human/animal skin, bio function enhancement), Unlisted effects: ■ This type of water process has effect of -“imprinting” or copying process of mineral or magnetic property into water or vice versa. Certain water with copied qualities of some mineral can be further “pasted” on to 3rd party solid matter): eg of heating-cooling as key process in this type of water: (Enjoy VivoPlus)?, See details including commercialized examples at 28’Catalytic Water. 44 9’SuperCritical Water: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & other Acoustic effects; See also ♛Acoustic Pulsed Fire effect on later pages in this section 10, Ultrasonic effect doesn’t necessarily accompany Sonic cavitation effects, Each service/product tend to specialize in specific different areas: WM Accepted effects: A(Anti pipe scaling effect)(Грандэнерго, Nanjing Hanzhou Technology+), B(anti-corrosion) by Acoustic signal to cause disturbance for preventing Elements precipitation to pipe walls, C(Algae, bacteria, germ stifling)(H2O Bio Sonic, Thomasonic UK+) by shock wave, heat, and generation of H2O2 or Hydroxyl radical, Some claim no cavitation/harmful sounds is produced for animals(LG Sonic Cameleon Technology+): specific frequency seems to exist for undesired algae - Usually Electroporation effect(see section 42’ElectroPoration) or ElectroAcoustic effect generating electric field by "vibration friction" of solute/colloidal ions: Because this transverse EM field coincides in same oscillation as longitudinal acoustic wave, it's standing wave like resonance phenomena, Hence significantly improved effect can occur at specific Ultrasonic range(EMCS Industries+) -->>cont: 45 10‘Sonic, Its Cavitation, Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying: Effect mix of Accepted, Rejected, Fully rejected by(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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46 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying & other Acoustic effects: continued 2 —>>cont: WM Accepted effects: E(Industrial type heavy cleaner)(Спецмаш ультразвукового оборудования, НПО «ЗЕЛТ» ua+), Paint stripping(Pratt & Whittney PurePulse +), or 90%+ water saving cleaning(Ultra Wave - StarStream+), Most “dip-in type” top line devices come with oscillation or up-down motion option to prevent sonic frequency based “uneven clean zones”(eg 40khz creates it every 19-20mm), or by frequency changer(Rion-tpe+), Often vacuum combined (Aqua-c +), Adjustable cavitation quality (Sonicfellow ....... +), Enhanced cavitation cleaning in vacuum(Sharp UC-600AV, Pureron Japan, Miuraz jp, UCE Ultrasonic+) F(Laundry & washing): residential use portable device(Volcano Turbo Wash+): Industrial multiple chamber vacuum-ambience dual type - std process use in electronics etc but not so in many other industries(Sakura Seiki, MasusanTec, Clean Technologies Group+), Resonating ultrasonic frequency at projecting source before water hits washing target(Kaijo.co.jp+), M(energy production enhancing): biofuel production improvement(Sonotronic de+), -->>cont:、 アクア化学 ソニック・フェロー株式会社 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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47 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying & other Acoustic effects: continued 3 —>>cont: WM Accepted effects: 、 I(Oil water separating) & J(Waste water cleaning, Oil, toxin recovery): by promoting faster degredation(Ultrawaves GmbH+), Mainstream use but only in some nations in Europe. Ballast water treatment by oxygen removal by inert gas combined with self generating ultrasonic oscillation(ColdHarbour Marine+), UV combined for increased decomposing matter & UV light cleaning effect both(Svarog UV+), Enhanced oil recovery(Progress Ultrasonics Group+), Replacement of water filtering solids(FloDesign Sonics+), Industrial wastewater cleaning by cavitation(Ultrazvu.com, Nlegin ru+) Also unique solutes atomization-separation from water as same-element- nanoclustered-powdered-form("ultrasonic drying"/ "steamless drying") with low temperature(keep flavor & nutrition) & at least 40% less cost of conventional heat based drying while certain separation is much larger saving(NanoMist Technologies+): also low cost "ultrasonic wet scrubbing" or ethanol separation in works. P(Odor removal as process, sludge reduction)(Dewaco Finnsonic, VTA Austria GmbH, Oviowater Sonolyzer+) direct shockwave destroys some organism, also seems to be by increased Hydroxyl with certain frequency, W(Degassing) with certain frequency, -->>cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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48 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying & other Acoustic effects: continued 4 —>>cont: WM Accepted effects: H2(dewatering, drying): generating standing wave amplifies the effect, 50% range energy & time both saving, no temperature increase to the dried medium or substrate: ink, paint, glue etc,(Heat Technologies Inc+), close to order of magnitude for grain, fish, wood, cotton, pharmaceutical etc(Акустика ресурс, U-sonic ru +) Unlisted effects: ■(matter destruction, boring holes)(VLN-Tech+), ■(less pain thorough root canal cleaning)(Sonendo+), ■(Barnacle growth prevention)(Hunter Technologies+), ■(Std process of flaw detection can be applied for pipe or water container situations by use of Immersion Transducers): std process in some industries but not all(Olympus-ims+), ■(Part of Std process in Oil In Water Monitoring [OIWM]): but underexplored in other applications (Mirmorax+), same use with ultrasonic self cleaning sensor system(ProAnalysis Argus+), ■(Emulsion fuel)(Hielscher, Vodmazut Раптех, ЦЭТ Гидротопливо+), ■(Water meter)(Kamstrup+), core mainstream industrial use, underused in residential in many nations, ■(Transporting matter including water or up-in-the-air liquid mixing)(ETH Zurich: Dan Foresti+, Tokyo Inst of Tech: Ken Nakamura+), still max 4kg transport level ability for industrial application, ■(Car "wiper")(Toyota, Asahi Glass, McLaren+), ■(Non invasive relatively small fat removal/reduction from body, Sonic "Liposuction"), Hydrolipoclasy uses body-acclimatizing water based liquid(VIVO Clinic, Naturale Clinic - Clinica Naturale+), but no water use tech with direct ultrasonic cavitation of fat(Lorelay Salon & Spa+) is WM rejected. 、 Generally WM Rejected effect, Claims are made in connection with hydrodynamic cavitation devices which generate standing wave acoustic oscillation, M(spray soak treated water to make food fresh longer, less mold), Less often claimed effects: Z(plant-animal grow faster with larger crops, promote fermentation/decomposing), WM Fully rejected or treated as fraud, less often claimed effect, A2(desalinating water) (SonCav+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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Subsection: ♛Pulsed "Acoustic Fire" Drying effect: This acoustic effect generally seems to be a result of standing wave generation by pulsated firing at 200-300Hz range, generating various anomalous effects yet quietly accepted or ignored by WM for some reason except thermodynamic violating segment of the tech: WM Accepted effects: G2(Energy efficiency increase), H2(Dewatering/drying): Here treated water doesn't help efficiency but the manner water is dried off powder etc indicates unusual efficiency & speed in comparison to conventional spray drying or Ultrasonic spray drying, Pulse combustion generates sonic sound energy shock waves & this standing wave causing sound seems(requirement for effectiveness) to accelerate drying by breaking bonds between water and matter, also far wider range of matter & size can be dried since there is no nozzle to spray used like in conventional spray drying: eg Ink drying, Production of Pulp & Paper, Gympsum& OSB/Fibreboards, or even in advanced drying system like rotary kiln. Speed of drying is in certain aspect is about 50-100 times faster with about 1/10-100 of energy used for fire control itself(ignored and not debunked by WM), while there is very little heat incurred in dried material even fire itself is 1000°C range, hence useable for protein/enzyme drying. Pulsed fire often becomes self sustaining with no outside power used hence power use for overall fire related function at this point is none. If precisely calculate all of this, it would be difficult to deny "over unity" efficiency 49 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying & other Acoustic effects: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>continued: ♛Pulsed "Acoustic Fire" Drying effect: G2(Energy efficiency increase), H2(Dewatering/drying): WM Fully rejected : Same "G2 & H2" effect description but from here it is realm of WM rejection: Exaggerated efficiency version of & relation to Pulsed Jet Rockets mechanics which is also conventionally not fully explainable. Also “air flow” caused by this "pulsed standing wave acoustic fire" seems to be “charged” so that this air itself dries other medium much faster than regular air, even 99% moisture matter is driable instantly. Drying effectiveness and sound itself affected by geometric structure of drying area also - Resembling concept of pseudoscientized propellantless microwave cavity drive used for space travel by Roscosmos and NASA. There is another side of similarity which is thermoacoustic effect. Majority of this tech operators claim similar range of pre-mentioned effects:(Heat Technologies Inc, PulseDry, Pulse Drying Systems+) Also some additionally claim alter the shape of particles as they are dried: instead of default globule shape, can make rugged patter for better adhesive capability when sprayed on(Wave Dry+) 50 10‘Ultrasonic, Sonic Cavitation & Acoustic Pulsed Fire Drying & other Acoustic effects: continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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51 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected, Fully rejected by (WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada ■ 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: Rapid water vortex, pressure drop, or turbulence involves cavitation, solutes or microorganism cells in water are ruptured/oxidized in various degrees depends on process by impact of colliding, imploding, shockwave, sometimes accompanying acoustic standing waves, sonoluminescence, production of H2O2, Hydroxyl & UV ray, Process might involve Venturi, Orifice effects, as well as Ultrasonic(Hydrosonic) phenomena caused by water movement generating standing wave like effects with very low energy use(sometimes accompanied by self running effect[ie: perpetual motion, pseudoscientized]), or claims of microplasma generation very similar to Electrohydraulic effect or Rotating Magnetic field/Rotating Electrode effect(active Torsion field), Spin type is often well beyond 1000RPM, some close to 10,000RPM range, Certain element of SubCritical water is involved: -->>cont:

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52 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 2 WM Accepted effects: H(Oil water separation)(Global Adavntech+), J(BOD reduction, Advanced Oxidizing Process, toxin/oil field waste water/sludge decomposing)(WhirlWind.nl+), For ballast water(Globallast ua+), Enhanced oil recovery- additional hydrocarbon quality improvement(Arisdyne+), synergy with UV for even more disruptive level of large volume industrial water AOP(Western Magnum CAV-OX, OZONIX Ecosphere Tech+), same effect with Cavitating Jets(DynaFlow+) P(Odor remove, sludge reduction): by killing microbes(by cell lysis, ozone, H2O2 etc) & decomposing matter. Some high pressure homogenizers' effectiveness seem to derive from venturi/orifice type cavitation effect(Crown Disintegration Evoqua, Microsludge+), can be used for dewatering(VRTX Technologies+), W(Degassing & Deoxygenation):eg (Vortex Energy Saver+) is installed in water heater system to save 20-30% cost saving- This is surprisingly WM approved(UK govn’t), -->>cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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53 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 3 -->>cont: WM Accepted effects: G2(Energy production, Heat recovery) by pressure drop weak cavitation element water spray into flue gas(Condensing Scrubber: direct contact heat recovery and cleaning exhaust) is long mainstream with majors participation(Valmet, Babcock & Wilcox, Hitachi Zosen Inova+), but generally underutilized. Smaller specialized companies offer(Bionomic Industries QSense, Thermal Energy International, Air Treatment System Srl+), Advanced combustion air humidification with heat pump combo(Caligo Industria, Condens Heat Recovery Oy+): also Western Mainstream(WM) unapproved effect in later pages Sometimes WM Disputed effect(easy to obfuscate & deny effect by at Western mainstream “test lab” level by changing vortex pattern or speed), Top performers' HVAC effect seems extremely potent, simple, and low cost: A*(Descaling), HVAC application by stripping CO2 hence precipitating CaCO3(HyCator+), Pipe cleaning (Group Konstanta «МАНГУСТ»+), Dairy product flow pipe descaling is WM fully rejected(TEKMASH+), B(anticorrosion of water pipes)(VRTX Technologies - EcoWater CHC), C*(Germ killing & Algae removal)(CT Systems ua+), Beverage process(HydroDynamics - SPX Flow+), L(Drinking water generation+), X(Lower redox value), linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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54 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 4 -->>cont: Sometimes WM Disputed effect:、 Occasionally Claimed: D*(Algae germ killing, disinfectant as drinkable water)(Waterbotruff+), Generally claimed to work more like water filter as Oxidation destruction occurs, Certain heater device also produces range of effect similar to strong time variant magnetic field treated like water effect, K(Dirty water lake, river cleaning), N(Food detergent), S(Separation of undesired particles in waterflow by controlled cavitation)(Hydro International, Vorsana+), Oil-water separation(Connex Water, Alfa Laval - S and P Flex+), Unlisted effect: ■i Cavitation Underwater Cleaner: Removing growth/debres on underwater hard surface (Limpieza Purotecnica SA, Cavitech Denizcilik, Sugino Machine+): shockwave and timely cavitation as fine bubble hits the surface with much faster cleaning/far less paint peel off, much less power use than conventional mechanical/hydraulic/jet methods while safer to users(link to jet nanobubble). Use for tankers, commercial ships, offshore oil industry, underwater structure cleaning, recreational etc, linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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55 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 5 -->>cont: Sometimes WM Disputed effect: Unlisted effect:、 ■ii Oil water emulsion(КПМ Кавитационная, CavitroniX+), Hydrodynamic cavitation itself and it's produced ultrasonic(hydroacoustic) wave use (Spektrultra Спектр+), ■iii ultra fast mixing/degassing-deaeration by vacuum planetary + centrifugal mixer of quasi concentric same directional rotation of 500-1000rpm each(hence inner spin can be upto equiv of 1000x1000?)(similar to hydrodynamic cavitation degree movement with oscillation-resonance): for semiconductor & precision manufacturing(air removing), pharma, ceramic, chemical, various emulsion(Kakuhunter, 株式会社EME+), added ultrasonic use(Thinky Corporation+) Generally WM Rejected effect, O(Remove odor of dairy farm by feeding water), U(Stronger cement, ice, paper, gypsum board etc):(Watreco-Realice+), Quality snow making with vortex followed by venturi water release(Steinbach Alpin+), V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat conductive), Occasionally claimed: Q(metal working fluid, cutting fluid), E2(Enhance flavor bakery/pasta/coffee etc)(CTI Nanotech+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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56 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 6 WM Fully rejected occasionally claimed effect: G(Toilet, stain, odor, remove by water), Z(Plant, animal grow larger-faster, promotes fermentation, Catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure),(Vidyo Dimitrov Fluid Power+), Humus or peat type soil is "digested" to quickly become organic fertilizer more effectively and lower cost than chemical types(Kodan Tarim+): same effect as Electrohydraulic water treatment. But when consider extra oxygen and nitrogen is dissolved then that itself partially explains enhanced plant growth irrigation effect by venturi type injectors(Mazzei Venturi+), A2(Salt water desalination):(Terus.vn, ДЭВА Dewa Pulse, Ratron.su +), so far local mainstream accepted(but most likely debunked if went full mainstream) unique air-water mix vortex(not really hydro cavitation) for possibly lowest cost commercialized ocean water desalination in West(Micronic Technologies MicroDesal-MicroEVAP), -->>cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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57 11’Hydrodynamic cavitation: continued 7 -->>cont: WM Fully rejected: B2(Less plant water needs, soil water fast absorption and retention), D2(Human prefered herb-insect-germ enhancing),(Biokavitus+), G2(Energy production, combustion assistance): this includes commonly claimed “overunity” effect of efficiency beyond 100% performance for much lower cost heating system(Юрле-К Yurle, Graviton-M+), or dairy product processing system while generating overunity heat(ТЕКМАШ - TEKMASH+), also Biofuel production(HydroDynamics+), Used for emulsion fuel generation(section 37'), Efficient HHO gas production(saltwater electrolyte use, eg seawater) & saturated or dry steam production(Cavitation Energy Systems). WM approved portion of “G2”: 1-Water emulsion upto 15% range for fuel saving(Vortexfuel ua эмульсия+), 2-Visbreaking of heavy crude oil/bitumen/oil sand with much less diluent use while enabling pipeline transportation(Superior Upgrading - Hammer Technology, Cavitation Technologies inc, Інститут нафти Української Академії наук ), also enables desulphurization without catalyst use(AcSIR India), effect is basically the same for acoustic cavitation(Burst Laboratories - Chelan, Pristec AG+), 3-Different mechanics of SuperCavitation enables supersonic travel within water: various military group use linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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58 12’Spiral Vortex flow: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 12’Spiral Vortex flow/Flowform: Much slower & uncovered open flow version of gravity led hydrodynamic flow as well as slower than hydrodynamic cavitation fast flow for non moving parts fast large vol separator: WM Accepted effect: S(Coagulation/separation of toxin/waste/sand etc): industrial sand or solid impurity removal(Lakos+), Storm water particle separation is widely used standard process in some areas but not in others(Kristar, AquaShield Aqua-Swirl+), similarly for V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat conductive): Oil separation(Contech VortClarex, TerreStorm+): it comes from one end and water from the other end. Generally ineffective for emulsified water, but some spin faster/adjust pressure to work some degree of emulsion oil or 5μm droplet separation down to 5-10ppm is possible(Ultraspin Technology+), 3way oil-water-solids separator(Enviro Voraxial, Clear Water Plasma+), W(Degassing), 、 Unlisted effect: ■Fast cooling effect: Use of Rankine Vortex to "chill on demand" drinks in round container including carbonated ones by spinning in cold water/ice slurry, from room 25°C to 5°C range in 60(cans)-400(bottles)secs to save energy (V-tex cool, CooperCooler, SpinChill+), much faster than Peltier devices, or freezer. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■Use of vortex flow dynamics to improve even fibre dispersion & uniform fibre direction setting at Hydraulic Headbox/Flowbox at papermaking machine to increase recovery, paper strength, and save water/material(Vortigen - Fluidics Microforming Systems / CK Aidun) - what happens if combined with magnets/FIR stock treatment? WM Disputed effect: Generally explained by improved aeration and some sort of WM denied “vitalizing effect” by pulsating rhythmic vortex flow, or voltage difference generated between water and rock/wall just aside of water flow. P(Odor remove, sludge reduction by process)(Muddy River Technologies, Vortex Flow Inc+): combined vortex down and up in phase conjugate manner for faster effect (Mixaerator+), Unique combination of aerobic bacteria film full of long pipe with periodical moderate sudden pressure reduction venturi for tankless wastewater treatment(Biopipe Global AG), ● Weaker effect, A&B(Descaling & Anti corrosion)(Chesterton Vortex Divison+), C(Algae germ stifling)(Bertil Pettersson Plus & Minus+), D(Algae germ stifling as water), I(Grease trap clean, kitchen odor removal,Catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure): aerobic bacteria activation, K(Dirty river water clarity or fish growth enhancement in flow)(Living Water Flowform+) -->>continued 59 12’Spiral Vortex/flowform: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM Disputed effect: ● Weaker occasionally claimed effect M(Spray-soak treated water to last food, less mold), Generally WM Rejected effect, E2(Flavor enhancement on pasta, soup, coffee etc)(Prime Inventions+) Weaker effect: J(BOD[Biological Oxygen Demand[ reduce, AOP[Advanced Oxidizing Process], toxin/oil field/waste water): linked to last pages’ “P” type odor removing effect, O(Remove odor of dairy farm by feeding animals), Z(Plant/animal grow larger, faster nutritious, promotes fermentation), B2(Less plant water needs, higher soil water absorption), C2(Plant grow in salty water, Soil desalination), D2(Human preferred animal-plant-bacteria etc enhancement), F2(Human/Animal skin-dental enhance, medical boost): WM rejected claims of above are collectively made/implied for many devices(Pejosan, Alive Water, Grander Water+): note they are often additionally equipped with other WM unapproved effects such as FarInfraRed emitting minerals, or “subtle energy oscillating” medium(actually measurable by some spectroscopy) Large majority of devices combine other WM labeled “pseudoscientific” processes: 27’Magnetic, 31’Torsion, 32’Scalar, 33’Bioceramic etc. Often “new age” connotation implied when marketed to household use products 60 12’Spiral Vortex/flowform: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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61 13’Nanobubble: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 13’Nanobubble, Ultrafine bubble, Fine bubble, Microbubble: Bubble size & name is rather vaguely applied or differing definitions: but generally 10-300nm+ for nano and -1-50 µm(1,000-50,000nm) for micro bubble as indicator. Sometimes "hidden under" name of DAF(Dissolved Air Floatation)- nanobubble doesn't float & stay in water, while microbubble disappears-implodes with cavitation(with hydroxyl radical generation). Effects differ by bubble content: mainly use of Air, Oxygen, Nitrogen, Ozone, CO2, Helium, Inert gas. Production method: Generally following methods are applied- some are related to the cause of other bioactivating unorthodox effects: Vortex & Hydrodynamic cavitation, High pressure gas injection, Gas mixed superheated steam injection, Venturi, Acoustic Cavitation, Electrolysis, Electric Pulse - Microplasma, Conductive Nanoceramic etc. WM Accepted effect: A(Scale prevention), C*(bacteria-algae stifling process by bubbling): Killing virus without corroding effect on metal(NaturesCompany.jp+ ), Ballast Water treatment(Gascon, HondaKiko+) by at least partially with impact of bubbles’ cavitation, Calcium etc broken down & kept in solution by Hydroxyl generated, but most major effect is likely to do with double-layer type charge-electron-current effect: negative ion around bubble to give electrons or generate hydroxyl. Vitalizing larger bioorganism or stifle rust but tends to kill virus. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: WM Accepted effect: E* (Industrial type heavy cleaner, particularly effective for IT industry type use precision parts /semi conductor cleaning),(idm.ne.jp+) deemed most effective washing medium in some applications(See section 48’Nitrogen & CO2 infused water), Also done in other methods to increase effectiveness(section 58’Ion Projection,): charging particles to reduce zeta potential (by nanobubbles surrounding it), combining Ultrasonic(Ultrasonic-Labo+), Self cleaning mechanics of bathtub etc(Mitsubishi Electric microbubble EcoCute self-cleaning+), 、 Commercial or residential interior cleaning by amplifying negative electrical charge of nanobubbles by electric field to trigger electroporation effect on germs(Tennant ActiveIon - Orbio ec-H2O Technology+): effective disinfection. Also probably hydroxyl radical is created as bubbles burst in the process(though manufacturer doesn't claim it), Orbio's cleaning effect is by regular negative charge "sucking" of ultrafine bubbles with positive charged dirt- this unique tech mechanics is completely WM science legal but selectively pseudoscientized by WM media(even court system took media science's "advice") in Europe and North America both - probably business lobby's damage control(of this 30,000+ location validated tech) action due to Tennant's mainstream status? 62 13’Nanobubble: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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63 アイサン工業 13’Nanobubble: continued 3 —> continued WM Accepted effect: J*(Waste water cleaning) Combine electrolysis to have electroflotation effect(Tokai-nsi+), but even regular Ozone infusion method is deemed quite effective(Toa electronics group, Aisan ecomax +), floatation methods(Nippon Steel Sumikin+): Use of find bubble range - super fine bubble or Nanobble doesn't float. M*(Spray-soak-dip in- to last food, less mold, Deoxydized Nitrogen/CO2 bubble water for long term fish/seashell stock keeping(Nanox Co Ltd+), Use of Oxygen nanobubble to freeze & revive some fish etc,), N*(Food detergent)(イオンナノ水, ESサービス+), P*(Odor & sludge reduction) by oxygen aeration(3-4times dissolving of normal aeration), is good, but Ultrafine ozone bubble lasts up to 12hrs(Hikari-Kurie, Nac-nmg Foamest, Sionix+), Q*(Metal working fluid, cutting fluid, cleaning nano debris off knives to make it last longer, also very effective including splash reduction effect),(Bix.co.jp+), R(Clean metal precision equipment parts), S(Separation of toxin/impurities): by flocculation(Envirovision.jp+), T(Even dyeing, paint production), W(Degassing, detoxication), ■Unlisted effect: Fast dissolving of gas with water(NanoTera Group+) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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Japan mainstream use but as sometimes WM Disputed effect, or under exaggerated capability, probably this would have been treated as full pseudosicence if claims were from Russia or China: D*(Algae germ stifling water, The nanobubble & its effect remains in water for at least several days), Vortex aeration style(Tec-kak+), when sealed nanobubbled Ozone continues to exists in water for 6months(Opt Creation Inc+), possibly H2 also(both pseudoscientized by WM), Low pH Ozone infused to minimized metal corrosion- using Diamond electrolysis?(Naturescompany jp), F(Laundry detergent effect),(Mitsubishi Electric+), Effective with pet bathing when Ozone is used(     +), G(toilet clean, stain on wall etc)(Ligaric+) including odor removal, which is suitable as water is faster drying than regular water, Food detergent(Idec Izumi+), H(Oil-water separation): Can break demulsion, Lower cost with improved separation than conventional types: (BLdynamics, Tec-Kak+), microbubble size is more effective in large volume industrial set up -->>cont: 64 13’Nanobubble: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada アイレックス オゾンペットシャワー

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—>>continue WM Disputed: K(Dirty smelly lake/river/sea water clarity increase), F2(Human animal skin/dental/enhance, insect bite treatment, bioenhancement against disease, cell protection etc),(Anzaimcs+), significantly higher warming capability over regular hot water(Micro-bub+) Occasionally claimed Y(Insectcide & herb stifler), Weaker effect: L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+); more often used as one key part within a multiple processes treatment method, Also as single process is viable in more limited situations, V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat conductive(Anzaimcs+), G2(Energy production, combustion assistance, efficiency improvement+): Emulsion(Malufuku+), Ocean freight water friction reduction for additionally better gas mileage(Aura-tec com+), H2(soil consolidation, geosynthetics) earthquake reinforcement etc(SatoKogyo jp+) 65 13’Nanobubble: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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—>>continue WM Disputed: Unlisted effect: ■ Significant advantage in food processing(Idec Izumi+), ■ Acidity control by CO2 nanobubble injection(TechCorporation jp+), ■ Large sized microbubble reduces residential water use by 20-30%(TanakaKinzoku+), ■ Medical absorption tracing, ■ Omission of expensive high pressure & high temperature reactor possible in some cases: bubble cavitation effect combined with something else causes same chemical alteration effect usually requires expensive set up & high energy: eg room temp/pressure generation of super low cost artificial hydrocarbon creation from H2O & CO2(see section 63' "Anomalous processes & effects" iv- "Fossil Fuel") B(anticorrosion)but effect seems weaker.(Greensuwon+) Generally WM Rejected effect, Z(plant/animal grow larger-faster, and increased nutrition value as irrigation water, less smell of cattle residence, promotes bioenhancing type fermentation, Catalyst to ferment or decompose food, drink, manure)(Suiei.co.jp, Asupu.com +), Fertilizer effect by nitrogen nanobubble?(Ok Engineering finebubble+), Ozone finebubble(Blue Planet Environmental+), Significant chicken egg production & quality increase(HUCK UFB jp+), fish enhancement, reviving dying fish(Nikuni jp, REO 研究所+), 66 13’Nanobubble: continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 14’Photocatalytic water treatment, mainly Titanium Dioxide TiO2, some Tungsten Trioxide WO3. Cu doped TiO2 might be most catalysis producing under UV for commercialized models. H2O reacts to make Hydroxyl radical, H2O2. This applies not only to water filled surface but air cleaner mechanics(not on tech list) by catalyst applied surface contact airborne water/moisture creates Oxidizing agents, Despite wide publicity actual commercialization is relatively rare outside Japan: UV light based effect on producing Reactive Oxygen Species(ROS: hydroxyl radical[OH•], Hydrogen Peroxide[H2O2], Superoxide Anion[O2*−] etc), or Reactive Nitrogen Species(RNS: Nitric Oxide[NO] etc), is WM media approved, but media & some NGOs/Gov'ts sometimes make other versions(Electrolysis, Plasma arc/pulse with-without UV, Photocatalysis, Nanobubble, Ultrasonic, Hydrodynamic Cavitation etc) pseudoscience: “visible light”- eg: UV light is not required(WM science legal) or “no light”(some illegal) photocatalysis, 67 14’Photocatalytic water treatment: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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This slow deployment of tech might be a reasonable move as full effect validation at WM media can be more disruptive than many other tech effects for wide applicability and displacement of existing more expensive chemical based tech(which also creates additional clean up industry): WM Accepted effect: B(anticorrosion of water pipe) by C(killing bacteria & removing biofilms),works well as self cleaning(due to photocatalytic hydrophilicity effect) surfacing in permanently dark area by combining with Platinum etc(WM unapproved)(EcoKimera, Zen-World AirPlot+), Swimming pool applications to replace Chlorine: (This is WM media unapproved) (Newmarins, ecoru.cc+), (Medical focus on hospital floor-wall-window to clothing fabric-curtain-bedding(EarthPlus-pro.jp+), Filter combined with other "elecrocharging"matter like electret or electroconductive polymer for strong disinfection (CooperAndHunder.org+), Smog cleaning by coating on pavement & tunnel wall(フォトロード工法 photo+), 68 14’Photocatalytic: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM Accepted effect: G*(Laundry detergent, Self cleaning toilet-glass-wall etc, many work with visible light, not necessarily UV light as catalytic process)(also WM rejected no light product exists: silver etc combined), Quite effective in some situation as is due to continuous hydroxyl production, from waste water to pool disinfection, Hospital wall-floor disinfection (Seiwa Inc Kogyo), Paint or Spray on surface to make self cleaning by water once applied liquid dries, effect lasts from 0.5-5+ yrs, non-binder use type hardsurface coating claims 10-20+yrs,(Nano-coat.jp, Gaera hikari, Nakaya-se, Cata-Rise+) including high traffic soft surface: car seats, fabric, clothing, glass etc, also effective in room walls-carpets-celling for smoking and perfume odor removal. This will only substantially reduce but still needs cleaning especially in no natural rain area. Self cleaning house(PanaHome Kiratech+). Carry on laundry ball(洗濯美人, 洗濯トリニティー+), (Toilet stain, odor removal by water), Special coating onto high water traffic surface urinal.(Toshiba ReneCat, TOTO Hydrotect+) Can be very effective. Also after market coating for Urinal/bathtub(GGC-eco Titanium+) 69 14’Photocatalytic: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM Accepted effect: H(oil-water separation): also demulsion by photocatalytic reaction to alter oleophilic filter to oleophobic -no commercialization found. J(BOD reduction, AOP of waste water, toxin/oil field water water cleaning), cheaper replacement of chlorine, killer hydroxyl disappears quickly and can be used for drinking/food process(CatalySystems+), Light industrial waste water(R-Energy jp+), TiO2 containing ceramic reacts when irrdiated by UV, but this is amplified due to self electricity generating Tourmaline is contained( +), Combined ultrasonic to increase effectiveness(this part WM disapproved),(Titanystar+), Dioxin & PCB decomposing specialty (Ecoprize.jp+), Industrial/pesticide storage with Toluene and Xylene etc leaking, Housing Formaldehyde(MaryshoSangyo jp+), Ballast water treatment combined with other processes(Headway OceanGuard+), Circulating water for fish farms(Fish-agro ru+) M(Spray-soak-dip-in to last food or less mold, clean air), platinum based types has high capacity to absorb vegetable rotting ethylene gas but there is also additionally some kind of WM unapproved “residual bio-vitalization effect (Fuji Kihan Titan 不二機販), 70 14’Photocatalytic: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada 日本バインダー工業 superzero

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—>>continued: WM Accepted effect: M(Spray-soak-dip-in to last food or less mold, clean air): Air cleaning(water mist is involved so included in this water tech presentation) is a major std application in Japan, it is not pseudoscientized but rather ignored or quietly installed without major reference to it by many other Western ally nations: No filter replacement, can use indoor lights: walls-glasses-filters-clothing-floor-urinal self washing-deodoring-germ-killing-oilmist-decomposing capability(Showa Denko+), Some of no bonding agent used photocatalytic material(doesn’t peel off) or no UV requirement types are much more effective than others(but these types are WM science level approved, media unapproved), and there are antibacteria metal ion fused no light requirement types that are super effective(Fujico HardFacing MaSSC+),(WM generally ignored-rejected outside Japan), Because this air cleaning includes decomposing mold and Ethylene(C2H4), food in closed room last 3-4 times longer(Air-cleaner Seiwa Kogyo+)/cut flower storage or transportation(TankaFresh, Daikoh Kaizoukun+), Light stand & air cleaner/airborne germ decomposer(Jet-Japan.jp+), Combined with humidifier for “room cleaning”(Hitachi クリエア+) -->>continued 71 14’Photocatalytic: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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—>>continued: WM Accepted effect: N(Food detergent), L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+); categorized "weak" only because it takes more time than other processes, but effect itself is firm and strong. Used as key part of process sometimes but stand alone photocatalytic type water purifier commercialization doesn’t seem to be allowed at this time: except small portable carrying/military type(Puralytics). This is a much simpler technology compared to other photocatalytic applications: coat any plastic or glass containers with non toxic photocatalyst but ALL mainstream producers stops production during very high demand before 2013 or keep putting off new commercialization while calling it “very promising technology”(Panasonic Water Purification, メデタンク+), 72 14’Photocatalytic: continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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—>>continued: WM Accepted weak effect: P(Odor remove, sludge reduction by process): weak effect on turbid water or no light reaching matter surface even for pseudoscentized stronger effect “no light” photocatalytic types, This application has similar track record to a”L” Drinking water: from around yr 2000, commercialization has been discussed yet no mainstream group came up with a system, currently seemingly only used part application of UV light reaction AOP type, not sun light or even LED light using types(Takemura-SS, Copper.co.jp, Gyrecat+), G2(Energy production- H2 produced from water with light), this research is not aware of commercialization Unlisted effects: ■ Mold Prevention including in high moisture or constantly wet surface(MarushoSangyo jp+), ■ Non fogging window(Asaka Riken Rinko+), 73 14’Photocatalytic: continued 7 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Disputed effect: Rare claims: A(pipe descaling) by changing solutes nucleation in water, D(as algae germ stifling as water), Generally WM Rejected effect, Occasionally claimed, When made by Nano Titan Fine Particle Bombardment(FRB) on platinum or ceramic surface: oxidizing quality yet also strong andioxidannt quality(Fuji Kihan Titan). FPB fusing effect of platinum & titan causing anomalous effect?, K(Dirty lake smell cleaning, fish enhancement), O(remove odor of dairy farm by feeding water to animals), X(Lower redox value water, “alkaline effect”), Y(Insecticide, herb stifler), Z(Pant/animal grow larger, faster, nutritious, less smell, increase fermentation, Catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure/decompose), E2(Enhance Flavor of bakery/pasta/coffee/rice/soup), 74 14’Photocatalytic: continued 8 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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75 15’EDI & CDI: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 15’EDI & CDI: Electro De-Ionization(demineralizing thru membrane), & CDI: Capacitive De-Ionization (porous electrode absorbing ion); WM Accepted effect: Widely used for Pure water production- sometimes competitively used for L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+)(eg combined with water spiral: BWT SEPTRON+), A2(Salt water desalination)(eg WiseWater Pte, TGH2O, HydroNovation+), many commercialized techs are competitive in low(<10,000ppm) salinity only, Advanced low Capex-Opex high salinity application far beyond sea water(35,000ppm) level(Atlantis technologies+): Radial Deionization with ultralong fast treating water flow(upto 10m) supercapacitor pair with dielectric spacer in a Concentric Tube. But actually several mostly uncommercialized techs are much lower power use: eg1: by tuning the applied voltage frequency into natural frequency of filtering structure to cause standing wave resonance(cdi-electrosorption.org): This tricky-not always repeatable(resonance freq & its intensity seems to differ by various elements)- but exact mechanics is used for many types of over-unity energy devices including water based H2 producing devices(see 29'HHO, 63' Other Anomalous Effects[water based energy generators]). eg2: No membrane/resin using micropower electrogradiant generator WaterChip based desalination(Okeanostech): For other range of super low cost desalination being shelved or actually quietly installed see 10'Ultrasonic, 11'Hydrodynamic Cavitation, 56'Nanofiltration, 61'Membrane Distillation. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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76 15’EDI & CDI: continued 2 -->> cont: WM Accepted effects, A2(Salt water desalination): eg3: Combo of EDI & RO type tech for heavier salt content effectiveness: High Efficiency Electro Pressure Membrane(EET Corp+) Effective Industrial water desalination by combo of RO, EDI and Nanofiltration elements(ElectroChem Saltworks Technolgies+), As weaker effect, in rare cases used for A(Descaling effect)(QUA group+), B(De-corrosion), C(Germ stifling, Bacteria removal), P(Odor remove, sludge reduction by process) as a side use. G2(energy harvesting) with CO2, research level only(Hamelers+), Other commercialized eg: (Evoqua, Vertex Hydropore, Aqua EWP+ ) Media level occasionally Disputed its cost effectiveness: J(some of heavy metal type toxin or part of wastewater cleaning) but innovative ElectroStatic Deionization(ESD) demonstrates significantly lower cost effect than conventional ROs etc for certain water cleaning task(Enpar Technologies)- similar mechanics to last page's radial deionization, Some are robust enough to treat light industrial/laundry wastewater, or cooling tower water at low cost(Voltea capDI+), Customizable specific mineral salt removal(AquaOmnes+) Generally WM Rejected: Z(Enhanced growth, nutrition, of plant-animal, fermentation catalyst), C2(Plant growth in salty/toxic water, soil enhancement) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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77 This whole presentation has more than 14 categorized sections of Electrolysis related tech processes, but here specifically referring in relation to electrolysis in section 16’Alkaline water, 17’Acid water, 18’Mix water(one chamber anode-cathode undivided water flow). There are many variations that produce different water qualities, commercialized applications, effect lasting abilities, varied effectiveness even for the same chemical or pH component. Generally speaking, electrochemical process discussed in sections 16-18 requires only negligible amount of salt (NaCl), or Potassium hydroxide(KOH) etc, to be added in water to electrolyze, or simply regular chlorinated tab water suffices(Membrane can work as electrolyte to electrolyze pure water also). Amount of electrolyte is low enough to often qualify as fresh water with salt content <0.1% or <0.05 (definition depends on country), most of them are max <0.2% (Ocean water is average 3.5%: 35,000ppm NaCl). -->> continued 16-18’General Electrolysis Introduction linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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78 Water effect differs due to variation of Electrolysis mechanics: ●Chamber separation membrane type(eg bioceramic mineral polymer etc), ●Electrode materials, ●Temperature, ●# of chambers, ●Duration, ●Different Electrolyte use, ●Voltage gap between electrodes, ●Air pressure, ●pH, ●Background EM radiation intensity & frequency, ●Pre-treatment(eg Magnetic, Acoustic or EM wave[UV, MW, FIR, Thz] Vortex, SuperCritical, Cavitation, Electrolysis etc), ●Original infeed water content(same drinking water by region actually significantly differs) etc. Large # of undetermined/unagreed mechanics and water effects exist at Western Mainstream & fringe level both. Tech gap in Electrolysis by affiliation/nations is not like other regular water tech division between Western ally vs non Western: Significant technology acceptance gap amongst Western ally nations: Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, & frequent Western science "law" ignoring Russia/China etc vs rest of the world including many in West. Additional large gap between formal science and WM media approved science by latter rejecting some of former when seemingly economically disruptive. General Electrolysis Introduction 2(for section 16-18) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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79 General Electrolysis Introduction 3(for section 16-18) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada ◆A - ACID WATER, Main effect element contents: i-NaClO/NaOCl: Sodium Hypochlorite(Sometimes called Acid, but actually Alkaline water), Called bleach when dissolved in water in high concentration, Most typical "Chlorinated drinking water", ClO⁻ in water works as germ killer, mainstream production method of NaClO is caustic soda(Sodium Hydroxide) with chlorine gas reaction, but in-situ electrolysis is faster and no storage needed and often much lower cost(this rather basic shifting stage from mainstream chemical reaction method to low cost electrolysis production of "even mixed" Sodium Hypochlorite is defined as innovation in large majority of world, but this disinfection water is broadly considered as obsolete technology in most applications in advanced Japan market(also it can produce minute amount of Trihalomathane when reacts with organic[carbon] material) and generally replaced by Hypochlorous acid. ii-HClO/HOCl: Hypochlorous acid(Acid water), much more effective(5-100times, in some cases using as low as 0.5ppm) than NaClO in killing germs but used much less often by electrolysis in most of world, Second most common "Chlorinated drinking water", Mainstream making method is to feed solid Calcium Hypochlorite: Ca(ClO)2, or concentrated Sodium Hypochlorite(bleach) into water with pH adjustment. -->>cont

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80 -->>cont: ◆A - ACID WATER, Main effect element contents: ii-HClO/HOCl: Hypochlorous acid(Acid water): Electrolysis only HClO water can be divided into three categories(see next page). Additionally, sprayable disinfection HClO product made from NaClO by reducing pH with added/infused CO2(Nankai-youzai+), HCl(Comosy jp+), Citric Acid(Unifeed jp+), additive mixed Calcium Hypochlorite(Sdplanet Clinicalwater+), etc in stabilized manner as bottled product or on-site generation device. Furthermore, chemical Sodium Dichloroisocyanurate (C3Cl2N3O3Na) etc can be dissolved in water in low solution to produce equivalent HClO water(Jnec.jp+). Unlike dissolved NaOH in water vs Alkaline water, Chemical diluted HClO vs Electrolysis produced Acid water seems to demonstrate same effectiveness with former being lower price in very small vol use(but chemical diluted ones have inconsistent stability, with usually much shorter water effect lastability). Next page's list compares various HClO types vs NaClO vs tap water disinfection quality. High Cl content NaClO is often considered beyond cleantech category. General Electrolysis Introduction 4(for section 16-18) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: ◆A - ACID WATER: Comparison of HClO water categories vs "innovatively produced" & fairly widely used ●NaClO●, vs Tap chlorine water. Note Free Available Chlorine(FAC) shifts Cl2 <-->HClO<-->ClO⁻ by pH 81 General Electrolysis Introduction 5(for section 16-18)

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82 ◆B - ALKALINE WATER: Main effect element contents: iii- NaOH in water as Na⁺, OH⁻: ie Different from mere water diluted Sodium Hydroxide: many commercialized/academic/lab claims. But even in Japan, mainstream large companies avoid dealing directly(work via subcontractors) with widely used pH13 water, and producers often market it only domestically - e.g: ●Some of equivalent Na⁺ OH⁻ 0.15-0.2% dissolved electrolyzed water is pH13.1- 13.8, or its production device sold(but water diluted NaOH must be 0.5mol(2% solution) to be pH13.7, and 0.05mol(0.2%) should be no higher than pH12.7) ●Some pH13 water doesn't burn skin at all and barehand useable(science illegal effect) etc: dissolved ion & water is Electrically activated? ●There seems to be several different types of electrolysis mechanics to produce such high alkaline water: One representative type is by repeat feeding of circulated water that is re-entered & re-electrolyzed from inside of 4 sided membrane electrode "alkaline water only chamber" to flow outward(Jwstec.co.jp - Neo Electrolysis Technology): One-man portable device is capable of pH1.6-14(needs 0.7% K). v-H2, molecule Hydrogen claimed to stay much longer as dissolved than WM allowed by in water, General Electrolysis Introduction 6(for section 16-18) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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83 Another example: Even same pH & name types of electrolyzed water has different quality as indicated below based on production chamber types(std typical models only, there are exceptions) General Electrolysis Introduction 7(for section 16-18)

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84 OTHERS: Even standard electrode and voltage difference use electrolyzed water product or water treatment service can be uniquely effective(ie excludes Ozone production etc): eg Use of "Split second existence" of H2O2, O2⁻, •OH around electrodes for water treatment Molecule Oxygen, Hydrogen, or their ions, often in micro/nanobubble size(very dense extremely long lasting double layer). Full mainstream use(medical, dental, food processing, farming, industrial factories, public facilities - transportation sanitary, restaurant, retail, hotel etc) in Japan, S Korea, Russia, China etc. Bathing for medical use is additionally DACH nations & others approved. Large volume use is super low cost in-situ production. General Electrolysis Introduction 8(for section 16-18) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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85 General Electrolysis Introduction 9(for section 16-18) But consumer type products marketed in West is mostly limited to "alkaline water" or "ionized water" for personal ingestion(rare exceptions eg Simple Science LLC+). House-consumer cleaning or disinfection purpose device/water has been usually ignored and even industrial use is minimally covered by coordinated WM media although actually utilized to some extent at mainstream industrial business, There might be an agreement to allow industrial use in rest of West but not for consumer application yet: Marketed as ECA - ElectroChemical Activation water(eg Aqualution, EcoLogic Solutions, Clarentis, GenOn Technologies+), medical use outside of Japan in West is starting(Aquaint UK+), some sell along with other clean tech disinfections like ozone(Prominent Dulco Lyse+), this model resembles other new technologies(eg Power Factor Correction for electricity saving is WM approved only for industrial/commercial use and they still insist on holding residential/housing nominal metering saving as pseudoscience). Also Notable: Three chamber based or AC current based electrolyzers contain only ion but no NaCl or Potassium(K) etc, this stabilizes pH of Alkaline and Acid water, and makes long lasting concentrate liquid in a bottle possible linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: WM Accepted effect: W(Degassing, Deoxygenation), WM media Disputed effects: B(unti corrosion); no salt 3 chamber type is useable for minor rust proofing also- generates "membrane" on metal surface, D(Algae germ stifling as water, Disinfectant),(Zaohnet, Ecostdown, Ksp-hd jp +), less than pH13(usually 12.5) types are less effective than acid water, E(Industrial type heavy cleaner, Cleaner concentrate):Clean water tech but most types are hazardous to touch till pH comes down, No rust worry metal cleaner(doesn’t work on Aluminium etc), one time clean method saves time, particularly effective in oil cleaning*, 86 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: WM media Disputed effects: E(heavy cleaner): Clean water tech but most types are hazardous to touch till pH comes down, No rust worry metal cleaner(doesn’t work on Aluminium etc), one time clean method saves time, particularly effective in oil cleaning*, pH12.5+(レック株式会社, 超電水アクアクリーン+), but 0.1-0.2% Sodium Hydroxide NaOH equivalent water or its production device for pH13.0 is sold in large number (強アルカリ電解水 JuJu+), some are even pH13.8 (株式会社K&K, 株式会社ガイア+), Generally 10times water diluted & reducing 1pH(eg pH13 to 12) for house hold use, Usually last 6-12months with less than 0.5ph difference but liquid bottle needs to be capped after each use, not on open container. Also often diluted water must be used within 3hrs or effect loses(but many exceptions), can spray & one time only wipe clean on hot temperature oily area without burning smell or catching fire like chemical cleaner, Small bottles are often more expensive compared to chemical detergent, 87 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: continue 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM media Disputed effects: F(Laundry detergent as water)Usually combo with reduced use detergent is most effective, faster drying, cold water effective, 30% or more faster job(Shimazaki-Denki.co.jp+), one consumer targeted machine debuted in Japan with high effectiveness then later versions significantly declined washing quality then disappeared, M(Spray soak to last food, less mold)(ピュアステラ+), N(Food detergent)(アルカリ電解水クリーナー 水ピカ+),, Q(Metal working fluid, cutting fluid, surfactant); no spilling cleaning or decomposing fluid by heat & friction, no fire risk, germ-foul free, no fluid quality change by microbes, but need to be ph13< to be effective full replacement for oil/hydrocarbon cutting fluids (Cooltech jp+) R(Clean precision, semi-conductor type equipment parts); only for 3 chamber no salt/electrolyte water- only ions dissolved(Amano Maintenance Engineering, E-wash HelClean+), S(coagulation, toxin separation), X(Lower redox value water: Oxygen Reduction Potential[ORP]), Occasionally claimed effect: K(Dirty smell lake water cleaning), 88 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: continue 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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WM media Disputed effects: Weaker occasionally claimed effect. When pH13.1-13.5 product is applied without dilution it might be strong enough effects- but cost uncompetitive compared to Acid water, Plant Micelle or chemical detergents etc): G(Toilet stain odor remove by water), pH13> Alkaline water is generally not good enough for alkaline scale-stain cleaner as stand alone use, Y(Insecticide, Herb stifler), Z(Plant/animals/fermentation growth, nutrition increase), In situ production medical electrolyzer(Fujiiryoki jp+), Proprietary h2 production lasts 3months in sealed aluminium container also strong medical results (H4O.jp+), E2(Enhance flavor of bakery/pasta/coffee etc),(Panasonic alkaline cooking+) 89 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: continue 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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Generally WM Rejected effect: F2(Enhance human/animal bodyfunction/skin condition, dental/medical),(Nihon Trim+), Home use electrolyzer machine acid side water is useable also(Takaoka Toko, Enagic Kangen, AkvaYav+) good effect in certain internal organ disease, non 3-chamber type water with poor filtration used for medial cure might have minor negative effect if consumed several yrs in row after cure: This is a rare case of officially approved in Japan but majority of rest of western ally pseudoscience: seems to be by strong medical industry lobby. Anomalous style AC current electrolyer with proprietary frequency itself makes catalytic ability(see 28’Catalytic water) effect (Kangen.co.jp): water is used by 10times dilution, also anomalous white power deposits (Ormus?). Portable Hydrogen water making device(HYXIA Hydrogen Techno, ワールドアライアンス 新透水サーバー+), G2(Combustion assistance): water used for pyrolysis increase hydrocarbon output: (Izumrud Water+). Other Nonlisted effects: Reduced surface tension: often well below 60dyne/cm vs regular 73 at room temperature(ZyoutaiseiGyosui+), Some mineral or ink dissolved in water literally disappears(occurs at Catalytic like water[see 28’Catalytic Water]), 90 16’Electrolysis Alkaline water: continue 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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91 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada 17’Electrolysis Acid water: Effect mix of Disputed & Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) ■ 17’Electrolysis Acid water: There is a significantly different range of water quality in this category: effect lastability/strength, rust tendency, skin/ingestion reaction, or chlorine content etc - eg: difference bet Hypochloric acid vs Sodium Hypochlorite. For details see sub-section called "General Electrolysis Introduction" located before section 16' Electrolysis Alkaline water WM Accepted but sometimes WM media Disputed effects: C*&D*(Algae germ stifling as process/water, disinfectant water) both very effective(Comfosy Haccpper, AquaCharge, Parkson MaximOS+), Oil industry focus(Ecotreatments+), J(AOP equivalent effect)- by normal non-plasma inducing electrolysis does't produce much Ozone: but some equivalent exists like stand alone ballast water treatment with no filter use(TechCross+). Strong effect by self cleaning Concentric Tubular Electrolyzer/Concentric Cylinder Electrode(seems to demonstrate rotating electrode, rotating magnetic field, or hydrodynamic cavitation type strong effect especially if water is caused to flow in spiral naturally by the electric current)(Evoqua seaCURE+): mainstream companies don't claim it, but this must also cause some other strong oxidation other than Hypochrorus acid effect(Titanium Tantalum Products Limited HYPOPAC+). This strong effect is also created at acid-alkaline water mixed regular wastewater flow situation.

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92 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada 17’Electrolysis Acid water: continued 2 -->>cont: mix of WM Accepted /media Disputed effects: J(AOP equivalent effect) Concentric Tubular Electrolyzer/Concentric Cylinder Electrode: Also this double to multiple layers of cylinder(s) within a cylinder design mechanics seems to share common element with a-"overunity electricity production device"(no water is used)(H Aspden+), b-Beyond thermodynamic 2nd law HHO/Hydrogen gas production(by far the most common design)(S Meyer+),、 "Orgone" energy : c- One of most anomalous "engine operating energy" eg"Joe Cell"(Booker, P Stevens+), also this seems to show "Orgone" related effects, d-Distant aerial electroScavenging type effect causing Orgone(directional device): (above "a-d" are automatically treated as fraud by WM). Many of this multiple concentric layers design's same effect can be also found in stacked flat plate type or cube type(wedging dielectric material between metals) closed system in Orgone generator mechanics(also consistent claims on bioenhancement as well as mental clarity). . Platinum(expensive) & Titanium based various coating allows effective ozone production electrodes(MIOX, Takana Kikinzoku, Sanyo Denki+),or see(section 19'Boron doped diamond), Sand disinfection device(Torabest jp+)

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-->>cont: Sometimes WM media Disputed effects: M&N(spray to food for lasting freshness, food detergent),(EwaterSystems+), Spraying as humidifier & air Cleaning + germ killing + static reduction at cattle housing, manufacturing plant, product storage etc(Hokuty Apiamist, Klarion - Spraying System+), Housing use, hospital etc by(Sanyo Denki, Bisansei, ステリパワー+), Y(Pesticide/germicide), mostly on site production by electrolyzer: (Hoshizaki, Aquaox BV+), some are Unipolar type electrolyzer(Envirolyte Industries/Omnilyte+), making inroads in mainstream at still under developed North America/Western Europe market(Eautechnologies, MIOX, Radical Waters+), generally as strong or stronger than chemical insecticides but no effect in some of pests/germs unlike effect adjustable insecticide(by mixing different chemicals), Usually needs 1.5-2times as frequent spray required than chemical types for agricultural use, but user has no need for mask or protector use or separate storage, often combined with conventional pesticide or diluting. -->>cont: 93 17’Electrolysis Acid water: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: WM media Disputed effects: Y(Pesticide/germicide): Some organic farms combine other “pseudoscientific pesticides” such as Metal Ion or Effective Micro-Organism contained water(see 30’EM) for complete clean tech only pesticide success(notably Parsley, Strawberry+). To avoid salt in farming field, either use of KOH(Potassium Hydroxide),K2CO3(Potassium Carbonate) electrolyte or 3 chamber NaCl electrolyte. Often targeted to have low Cl(max 20ppm) and some simply electrolyze tap water chlorine(0.5-4ppm) for "activated HClO(Hypochloric Acid)" for application(media pseudoscience as tab water cannot/must not be able to replace pesticide)(Yi Shan Electronic Industrial, Shinkobensen Cela, Aqua-club jp aqua system +), G(Toilet stain odor remove by water), Z(Plant growth enhancement, doesn’t work for fermentation) is only effective at growth of roots and at early seeding stage(Kowa-Tec jp, Bakhir ru+). 94 17’Electrolysis Acid water: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM media Rejected effect: E(Industrial type heavy cleaner): this is only for non-NaCl containing usually made from 3 chamber electrolysis. Cleaning mechanics differs from Alkaline, very effective removal of germs*(Migtech ru, Morinaga Milk+) or certain scale deposit removal. If there is too much impurity to clean effect is lost(when contact organic material it gets easily neutralized). Often used in combined washing method at industrial applications: Alkaline wash first then followed by Acid water, then 3rd time by Alkaline water.(TechCorporation jp+), Most of non-Japanese suppliers’s conventional 2 chamber water is unsuitable for its NaCl content & corrosiveness to the metal. D2*(skin, dental treatment, medical)(Perfect-Perio, Oculusis, Puricore, Adept water BacTerminator+) is usually more effective than conventional medical treatments, Some stay away from referring to use of "just water" and make explanation vague under "proprietary technology". Awkward Western Gov’t approved(but media "correcting its mistake") medical effects: Skin related,(Nipponintek+), Tattoo skin care focus(Electrasyn), Digestion organ related(Daiichi-Sangyo.com+) - 95 17’Electrolysis Acid water: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed. Here it covers somewhat unique versions of standard type water processes that are not necessarily widely used in all situations/applications.、 WM Accepted effect: S(Coagulation, toxin separation): i -Electrocoagulation: Prior to WM official acceptance, electrocoagulation had long been demonstrated effectiveness by "pseudoscientist" or by ex Soviets since 1900s. Past debunking was based on selective focus on devices produced large sludge vol, needed high use of electricity, electrode fouling/passivation/deposition build up, performed erratically etc. This "fact" was exclusively accepted by media, and seemingly unclear exact mechanics helped their discrediting effort, But after yr 2000 some major acceptance push seemed to have taken place for this disruptive tech by mainstream European groups and their media by actually somewhat diverged from US/Canada media-industrial groups. Then some of effective version was more or less highlighted & whole tech was officially accepted(Powell Water Recovery, McKay Creek Technologies+), This might have significance that WM actually is willing to introduce lower cost effective technologies at expense of existing profitable systems with wide spread consequences. -->> continue 96 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Fully rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada

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97 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada ->> cont. WM Accepted effect, S(Coagulation, Separation): i -Electrocoagulation: Significance of WM acceptance its effectiveness: 1- Electrolysis was officially accepted as very low cost & effective performance tech for most types of waste water treatment: Ion seeding/dissolving from long lasting electrode & electric current to break colloidal/ion solutions & emulsion to precipitate, while other effective methods of electrofloation and electo-oxidation effects(H2O2, Ozone, Hydroxyl) can all take place simultaneously. 2- By newly approving this long resisted “unknown mechanics tech” with major ramification, this demonstrates a possibility/recent precedent of “both scientific & media level legalization” of other currently pseudoscientized versions of electrochemical water effects. Wide range of low cost effects application: Radioactive isotope removal(F&T water solutions+), Somewhat rare focus on heavymetal recovery for drinking water cleaning (ElectroChemical Arsenic Remediation: Sus Addy+), Wastewater arsenic removal(BakerCorp+), oil water separation/demulsion(WaterTectonics+), Heavy metal(AVANTech+) -->> continue:

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->> cont. WM Accepted effect, S(Coagulation, Separation): i -Electrocoagulation: Some unique type within this major std process but evolving process of electrocoagulation(solid powder coagulant use types are not included, coagulant metals can be used as electrode instead) are listed here. There are many cross-overs with highlighted techs in other sections: Some of unique types/methods: ●i- Scale(calcium, magnesium etc) precipitation on electrodes for cooling water scale prevention (Frontiertechnology.co.jp+). Also ecological artificial reef creation method: see 40'ElectroDeposition. ●ii- Unique flow/water contact of electrode/solid polymer electrolyte/no anolyte(Axine Water+). ●iii- Adjusted electric pulse from solenoid wire around pipe to neutralize charges of suspended solutes to coalesce(FlowMarkWater+), same with water passing specific magnetic field(IRANDOC+): both weaker effect. ●iv-Super low power use coagulation(Igaden+). -->> continue: 98 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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99 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 4 -->> cont: WM Accepted effect: S(Coagulation, Separation): i -Electrocoagulation: ●v- Rotating electrode(basically same as rotating magnetic field /strong torsion field effects if rpm is high) for increased coagulation activity(Boydel, Avivid Water+): What would happen if additionally place rotating magnetic field? There are very widely used full mainstream lab-academic type device with such specific capacity(Rotating Disk Electrode: RDE, Rotating Ring Disk Electrode:RRDE), but many experiments are done at only 50-200rpm range, usually needs 5,000-10,000rpm to have anomalous effects. ●vi- Varied electrolysis based mechanics to recover phosphate from wastewater: From human urine(Novaquatis - NoMix toilet+), Dairy farm: Rephater, Residential housing size FePO4 recovery(Fujiclean jp+), ●vii- Silica precipitation for descaling cooling tower pipes(Water Vision Inc+), ●viii- Various other mineral resource precipitation from water (ElectroSynthesis+) also see ElectroWinning below. 、 ii -ElectroWinning(See 40'ElectroDeposition/ElectroPlating): Although this is complete mainstream or the most core part of many metal smelting/production process(Gold/Silver/Zinc/Copper/Aluminum etc), it is underused in mining wastewater effluent cleaning + metal recovery purpose.

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100 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada -->> cont: WM Accepted effect: G2(Energy generation): ●i- Electrolysis is used as base mechanics for widely researched fuel cell technology, Most of them do not use enough water to qualify to be in this presentation but if heat recovery was fully used in addition to electricity generated, a few types qualify as lowest cost energy tech in limited application & geographical area: PEMFC(Proton Exchange Membrane(Ene Farm Panasonic+) in Japan's residential use, ●ii- Conventional electrolysis hydrogen production, but on-board H2 generator for increasing automobile gas mileage is WM science illegal(see 29’HHO-H2), -->> continued

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101 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada —>>cont: WM Accepted effects: G2(Energy generation): ●iii- Another this tech utilization method is Cold Fusion(Low Energy Nuclear Reaction(LENR)/Lattice Assisted Nuclear Reaction etc), currently most high profile & disruptive water tech that is entering into mainstream defacto approval: “Base model LENR”(there are vast range of variation particularly if include “fringe inventor type” claims) is Palladium-Platinum electrodes electrolysis in Deuterium heavy water “burns” hydrogen and excess heat created in “overunity” manner. Additionally unpredictably generates various precious metals transmutation phenomena(this is also WM generally rejected effect). Further, there is a string of various related “low cost” disruptive tech applications from this model, for details see other report: [Less Known, Low Cost Abundant Energy Technologies..]

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—>>cont: WM Accepted effects: G2(Energy generation): ●iii- Cold Fusion: After around 2014 active debunking is even ceased by WM media, and they are currently rather passively ignoring it with occasional appealing for tech's unsuitability for commercialization potential. There were several commercialization attempts but only one tech leader company seems to be offering service-and is understandably for severe ramification they are the only WM debunked main player company in cold fusion currently(E-Cat - Leonardo Corporation) WM media Disputed effects: C(Algae germ stifling): works as disinfecting effect for farm feed water(WaterKub52+), M(spray soak to last food longer), some used for large entire cattle/chicken residence interior spraying for large scale disinfecting, N(food detergent), by Hypochlorous acid(HOCl) or Sodium Hypoclorite(NaClO, more common out of Japan) effect: Voltage and electrode makes difference for germ killing content. Occasionally claimed effect; A(Descaling), by depositing scale on electrodes instead of pipes(Global Environmental Solutions ltd+), AC three electrode style with no deposits accumulating also to kill germs(Reiken Inc+), B(Decorrosion/Derusting), High frequency AC current Electrolyzing or rust proof & anti scaling(ハイドロサナ+), 102 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 7 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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103 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 8 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada —>> cont: WM media Disputed effects Occasionally claimed: Some combine with Metal Ion, J(AOP, water/toxin cleaning): wastewater/toxin decomposing, i -ElectroOxidation(EO), sterilization primarily by H2O2 or Hydroxyl radical(NeoPure Technologies, Owatec Group Oy+), Some use high power to decompose all solutes in water to obviate light wastewater process needs for coagulation. Singlet Oxygen main use for high selectivity & less corrosion to equipment(Clean Chemistry PeroxyMax+). Close relation to Electrocoagulation(EC) but this definition is without coagulants producing - direct oxidation/decomposing, potentially one of most disruptive tech with high capacity oxidation and hydrogen peroxide & other "clean chemical" radical specie production and strong enough to make fracking produced water involving oil operations competitive. Combo of EO & EC for enhanced & speed up cleaning compared to EC only with lower overall power use(Global AdavanTech+), Widely deployed WM accepted ElectroCoagulation/ElectroOxidation effect is not covered as independent section in this presentation. Plasma effect: when thin wire cathode is on water surface, in right conditions it would produce plasma[contact glow discharge electrolysis], at lab level effective waste water handling by AOP process that precipitates impurities(ProcontrolSL+), Disruptive Advanced Ground Water ”Electro Bio Remediation” of entire contaminated soil/Electro Reclamation by in-situ Electro Fenton(Elgressy+), .

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104 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 9 —>> cont: WM media Disputed effects Occasionally claimed: J(AOP, water/toxin cleaning): wastewater/toxin decomposing:、 ii-Concentric Tubular Electrolyzer/Concentric Cylinder Electrode. Causes fast rotating flow or water like hydrodynamic spiral. Sometimes there seems to have robust effect similar to rotating electrode treatment or hydrodynamic cavitation(see section17'Acid water). Cost advantage in environment remediation at right condition is very large, More in sections 42’Electroporation, 20’Electro Phoresis & Electro Migration, Electro Kinetics. All of this also further link to pseudoscientized HHO gas(Oxyhydrogen gas) generation as strong general remediation & soil vitalization effect. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Fully rejected effect: X(Lower redox value water),(Kangen.co.jp+), by AC pulse shock wave from electrodes to generate nanobubble size H2/O2(HyperHouse.biz+), some “vitalizing effect” water involves mixed electrodes water treatment and water remains low ORP value for several months when sealed in container, This element is also used as part of 28’Catalyric Water process, E2(Flavor enhancement of food, drinks) Wine, Juice, Milk flavor enhancement(Innovate-dt com+), F2(Human/animal skin/dental/body function enhancement/Medical): claims of long lasting Hydrogen dissolved in water up to 6months in sealed container, in addition to large amount of experimental results of significant bioenhancement/medical effects due to H2 neutralizes ·OH & other effects(mechanics disputed amongst experimenters)(Miz Company+). Stanger/Galvanic bathing is DACH nations and Japan widely approved effect hence difficult to completely pseudosientize: only WM disputed level effect(Paracelsus de, 小西電気 Konishi Electric+) 105 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 10 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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—>> continued: WM Fully rejected effect: F2(Medical type effects): Activation” of water by electrodes into drinking water container with resonance, different changeable metal electrodes for various metal ion dissolving option(OLI-DYN+), some water have highly electrically charged/bioactivated “Catalysis function” Many of semi “phase catalyst type” water, or water based products presumably use duel electrode in single water container or flow(hence Alkaline-Acid mixed),(also see 28’Catalytic water, 33'Mineral BioCeramic Far InfraRed, 9', 50'SuperCritical Water, 63'Other Anomalous water) as semi permanently activated state water. Some of water product examples on next pages are alkaline or acid only types: -->> continue 106 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 11 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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107 18’Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed: continued 12 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada —>> continued: WM Fully rejected effect: F2(Medical type effects): semi “phase catalyst type” water/water based products: 11 Production process can be repetitions of various proprietary type long duration electrolysis involving fluctuation of heat/pressure/EM wave/Static high voltage electric field etc(ASEA water, DNR inc Animal Therapy Systems, ECPI water+), Often claims of inonized or “activated” state of water/Oxygen(Rpa Biotech, GP8, Oxygen SuperCharger, Waterdesign-WD, RealWaterUs, R-Garden - Vitamin O+), Activated molecular hydrogen(IonAqua cz +) (links to 29'H2 & HHO water), Cell like function(Life Force Water+), Far InfraRed use(AeroFresh Water+) Unlisted effect/tech: ■Pure Water electrolysis without massive energy: by use of solid polymer electrolyte membrane, Initially patented by GE in 1970s, and improvements made after. Rather clumsy scenario of continued WM pesudoscientization, while many labs/companies are continuing to use this method on regular basis since 1980s: to produce cost effective high capacity pure H2, or Ozone etc(Psa-nitrogen.com, Organo jp, Kobelco, GS Yuasa+): at least in 3rd world and Japan it is used openly.

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■ 19’Boron Doped Diamond Electrolysis; Diamond made electroconductive by doping, Due to high over voltage difference it has very high capacity & instantly generate O3(Ozone) & H2O2(Hydrogen Peroxide) rather than O2(Oxygen), Super efficient high volume of O3 is produced continuously with effective power ratio, Very little erosion of electrodes, Usually by far the most efficient AOP method, Because of disruptive nature of full spreading of this tech could take for a long time. Currently mostly just ignoring at media level than debunking. WM media Disputed effects: A(antiscaling) by Hypochlorite, B(anti corrosion), C(algae germ killing). J*(AOP)- very effective Electro Oxidation, some unique applications include ship Bilge water decomposing as a portable device, L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+), N(Food detergent). Weaker effect: M(Spray-soak to last food longer): germ killing agents neutralized quickly Commecialized eg: Element Six/Electrolytic Ozone Inc[De Beers Group], Ryonetsu.com, DeNora Permelec, Advanced Diamond Technologies, Terragon WETT, Ai Denshi Kogyo +) 108 19’Boron Doped Diamond Electrolysis: Effect Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 20’Electro phoresis, Electro migration, Electro Reclamation:(also below ♛) Use electric field to move particles of charge potential difference(no charge needed for Dielectrophoresis), molecules/bacteria depended on size and charge. Use for medial drug delivery and related tests or DNA/biological research is core mainstream application(not on tech list), ♛ Electro-Osmosis: Use electric field to move liquid by charge potential across a solid porous matter(soil, rock, masonry, concrete etc), or nano scale matter(capillary tube, membrane), Widely used for medical or lab related technology. Various degrees of under-utlized use in different sectors/applications, ♛ Electro-Wetting: part of Digital Microfluidics, Applying electric field to finetune-alter water's surface tension. Also can mean changing substrate's (water contact surface) hydrophilicity to influence behavior or state of water located on the substrate(move it around, change shape of droplet etc). This process can be reversed to harvest electricity by movement of water on the substrate. Both E-Phoretic & E-Osmosis effects are accepted for heavy oil recovery, while they experience strange scientific disputes only in soil/concrete/masonry related effectiveness. But WM approval would affect construction/digging of buildings and roads/embankment, geoengineering & civil engineering market, as well as other large scale industrial business. —>>cont: 109 20’Electro phoresis: Effect mix of Accepted & Disputed by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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110 WM Accepted claimed effect: H(oil-paraffin separation from water)+, J(waste water cleaning, oil field cleaning): Oil field Electrically Enhanced Oil Recovery(EEOR): (ElectroPetroleum, Geoox dk, Группа компаний «Петрос»+), also some oil majors have patents: at Some soil/oil/mineral situations much higher recovery is made by: i-Pulse like Electrochemical cracking, ii-ElectroHeating(which decreases heavy oil viscosity), iii-Oil dragging effect as permeated water/diluent(but sometimes chemical needs to be injected - then not cleantech) migrates or spirals with electric fields/pulse This seems to be even more effective than convection effect added Electro-thermal Dynamic Stripping Process(ET-DSP)(McMillan McGee Corp+), or Thermal-Assisted Gravity Drainage(TAGD)(Athabasca Oil+): they need no external water, less depth limitation compared to types of already conventional basic Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage(SAGD), or further less efficient Cyclic Steam Stimulation(CSS) for unconventional oil sands EOR. For oil field remediation focus: (ElectroKinetic Solution+), while others additionally claim bioremediation enhancement of tailing ponds due to collection of nutrients and minerals strategically.. S(coagulation/toxin separation), G2(harvesting electricity+): Reverse ElectroWetting use(Instep nanopower+), Often appearing similar but actually different Tribo Electric harvester(Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy & Nanosystems+), Lot more efficient than PiezoElectricity. H2(dewater sludge, soil, Geosynthetics): Food use is WM approved, while masonry, water ingress proof use is sometimes debunked(HydroTech Asia, ElectroKinetic Limited, Lectros, Structural Technologies+), but US military endorsed(Drytronic de), But adding to this ElectroPoration makes more than x2 improved dewatering with less energy cost(see end of section 42'Electroporation). Also "fraud treatment" lower cost version exists in later pages 20’Electro phoresis, Electro migration, Electro Reclamation, ElectroWetting continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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111 20’Electro phoresis, Electro migration, Electro Reclamation continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada -->>cont: WM Accepted effect: ■ Weaker effect: L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+), in most situation not cost competitive as stand alone process at this time, ■Unlisted effect by ElectroWetting effect use: ●i Switch devices on and off by water's reaction to EM waves including visible light: (illumina - Advanced Liquid Logic+), ●ii EM wave adjustable Liquid lens, suitable for rapid frequent focus change(Varioptic +), Liquid Lens Camera(PixeLINK+), ●iii Track sun movement like plant flowers do to maximize solar power generation (PhotoElectrowetting/Optofluidics sun tracker: Teledyne) WM Disputed effects: A2(Desalination), C2(plant growth in salt, toxic water, soil enhancement),By Electro Remediation: (Terrancorp - Lasagna process+): salt, toxin or water content can be removed with minimum or no digging/moving of soil but might take longer duration than conventional method, yet cost is a fraction, Possibly further improved effect by use of Vacuum Enhanced Electrocoagulation[reduced pressure changes solubility of hydrocarbon](Ground Effects Environmental Services +). Some toxin decomposing(Elgressy+) Some WM fraud treatment version works wirelessly with no electricity used see next page -->>cont:

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112 20’Electro phoresis, Electro migration, Electro Reclamation continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada -->>cont: WM Disputed Weaker effect: Z(Plant growth enhancement, enriching soil): carry beneficial microbes/particles to desired surface, Actual effect should be strong, but often inconsistent effect due to undeveloped nature of tech, Also see 42’Electroporation WM Fully rejected or called Fraud version of A2(desalination), of soil or porous matter, S(coagulation/toxin separation), H2(dewater sludge, soil), also not listed application but related to Geosynthetics: some companies win WM uninfluenced local technology prizes: Above “S” & “H2” effects to be done much cheaper by light user: Wirelessly tuned accurate frequency EM wave projection(Damp Prevention & Control - Electrosqua, ECODRY, Osuszanie, MURAG Aquamat, Dinant Vochtbestrijding+), Cases of moisture won’t come back after some kind of phase conjugated wave treatment?(DOMODRY+), reduce energy cost of building(Ursa doo +). More disruptive version is No electricity is used at all yet with same effectiveness (Aquapol, Dry Floor Stick+): deemed to work by Scalar wave mechanics. Earthquake prevention measurement(GeoSierra+), Unlisted WM approved effect: ■ElectroRotation(Eddy current cause particles to swirl) to measure certain bacteria or contaminants degree in water or various diagnosis

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■ 21’Fulvic Acid: used often with iron powder & char, sometimes Humic acid:, High vol FIR wave emitting, Photo- reaction causes H2O2 production & trigger Photo Fenton reaction to make Hydroxyl, Then by-product Ferric Ion(Fe3+) is reduced to Ferrous Ion(Fe2+) again to repeat water cleaning chain reaction: better effect under the sun. Also similar microbes work other mechanics than very effective Photo Fenton effect. WM Disputed effects: L&P(Outdoor pond/lake/river/ocean beach odor remove)(Koyoh.jp, HinomaruSangyo.com+), Z(Plant-animal growth enhancement, fermentation promotion)(based on above “L” &“P”)(Eaudemerus+), due to dissolved ion is promoting nutrients absorption?( ..........................+), Mass production for industrial market(Furubo Net+), D2(human prefered environment creation), Less often claim as I(grease trap cleaned) by sponge type device oozes fulvic acid to decompose oils - but mechanics unclear, Weak effect claim as J(waste water cleaning), natural Photo Fenton effect creation for rapid effect from up to rivers and lakes( +), X(lower redox value water) Generally WM Rejected effect: F2(human animal skin enhancement, medical(BLK Beverage Inc+), Skin improving shampoo further charged by electrostatic projection(Fulvio-Japan+), Peat bath(this is WM reluctantly approved due to long European tradition)(Moorbad Gmös+): contains fulvic/humic acid with other minerals. 113 21’Fulvic Acid: Effect mix of Disputed & Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) 無有産研究所 菱興産業 RYOKO Industry linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 22’Nano Material Used Filter/(also see 56’NanoFiltration)Nano Carbon membrane/Graphene tube etc/Nanopolymer/Nano metal/Buckypaper filtered-soaked water: it is mainstream approved anomalous effects often seemingly related to water molecule structure change or solute ion absorbing capability i.e. at least for temporarily redox value can change. WM approved effect of graphene(naturally hydrophobic[water repelling] but suddenly rapid water flow is created when narrow cylinder shape tube is made by it) has 100-1000times permeability than regular RO filters(Reverse Osmosis)- super effective water filter product viability announced but not launching at this time(Lockheed Martin+),- i.e. in slow filtration process there is no need to use energy to pressurize filter like RO(Jef Grossman+), suitable for use of Direct Portable Reuse(DPR) even as drinking water? There are many other academic claims on similar level of filtration effects at WM level. 114 22’Nano Material Used Filter: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Generally Rejected, Fully rejected by (WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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115 22’Nano Material Used Filter: continued 2 Graphene or many other nano material is prone to be “electrically active”: thermo-electric response to light, generate hydrogen in contact with water with no oxidization? at certain nano geometric shape(AW Castleman+), Hydrophobic graphene/carbon nanotube turns hydrophilic at single layer vs thicker when UV-FIR wave irradiated. Extended Capillary action: Self-pumps/sucks up water(S Hendy+), and speed of water flow is violation of Hagen–Poiseuille equation /Fluid Dynamics “law” by a few orders of magnitude(Majumder+), Also affects water molecule structure or “sucks up ion”: i.e. disruptive fast water filter Some nano techs water borne germ killing ability is not ion element use, but by physical cell wall punctuation: by combo of nano formulation of “dagger” shape and bacteria/virus pulling electrostatic force to works as disinfectant surface of solid matter(applied to wall, table, carpet etc) (Qore Systems Amosil-Q, Nano Global Corporation, Strategic RS, Rotunda Cleaning +). However one branch of mainstream approval of an effect within science sometimes does not have same interpretation in other mainstream branches - often up to WM media to decide reality. Furthermore, even science accepted level claims can be often “downgraded to” controversy level by interlocked Western mainstream media. Some basic function as Graphene filter is WM approved, but only as experimental basis and commercialized products are often pseudoscienctized based on assumption: “if most advanced science cannot do it yet, others can never do it”: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Accepted effect: A(Descaling), can filter scale building Calcium/Magnesium ions, L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+), But WM is not very willing to approve toxic oil field water effects(Sandbox Resource Solutions+), same effect but no mechanical pressure needed for filtering and filter washable for reuse, also Track Membrane is structured in such a way produces Antioxidant water(Electro conductive polymer, or nano electret type matter, mineral, magnet sprayed on)(Petros Water NAQWA, Nerox Water, Trackpore ru+), Resorcinol polymer made(ГЕЙЗЕР Geizer+) has same effect, S(Coagulation/Toxin separation) WM Disputed effects: are also claimed by filter makers: K(Dirty lake/river water cleaning ), M(Spray soak to make food last longer), N(Food detergent), P(Odor removal as filter process), V(Faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat conductive), X(Lower redox value water), A2(salt water desalination) Weaker effects: H(Oil/water separating, ), Y(Insecticide, herb stifler) 116 22’Nano Material Used Filter: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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22’Nano Material Used Filter/Nano Carbon membrane WM Rejected effect: Many non Western nations don’t hesitate to claim all of the following(Институт Физиологически Активных Соединений - ipacom.com+), Claim related to Structured Water- eg Fullerene(C-60) trapped water initiates structure and spreads the entire water container and maintains after boiling(GV Andrievsky, VN Khvorostinka+), and D(Algae-germ stifling, disinfectant); Bacteriacide effect filer, Z(Plant/animal grow larger faster, assists fermentation, Catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure decompose), B2(Less plant water needs, soil water fast absorb, & longer retention), E2(Flavor enhancement of soup/pasta/coffee+), F2(Human animal bioenhancement): Medical claims(ЦЕНТР СОКОЛИНСКОГО - Center Sokolinski+) WM Fully rejected effect: D2(Human prefered herb-insect-germ enhancement): filter most toxin but keep bio-beneficial minerals, affect spin quality of filtered materials, remove Tritium: High Reactivity Carbon Mixture(minor transmutation?- labeled fraud/insane- likely some kind of electrical reaction common to graphene-nanocarbon filters: Golden Formula Holding+), Other commercialized: “Spin selectivity reversible chemical reaction with graphene[Fullerene])”(Svetla Water, Bionomic Technologies+) 117 22’Nano Material Used Filter/Nano Carbon membrane: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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118 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): Effect mix of Disputed & Generally Rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada ■ 23’Plasma activated water(PAW) or Electric arc/Pulsed Corona treated water(also dielectric barrier discharge, contact glow discharge, pulsed plasma etc) can be also called Plasma treated Electrolyzed Water etc, There are diverse range of Plasma/Electric discharge in water: They are mostly Cold Plasma(Non Thermal Plasma/Non-Thermal Atmospheric Pressure Plasma[also some are high pressure or vacuum environment set up]), or can be called as "Micro Plasma": Energy of electron is much higher than ion's: Non-Equilibrium Plasma: i-Occurring at surface, ii-Inside bulk water, iii-Treated in droplet forms, vi-Steam-vapor form(see section 50’SuperCritical Water -Steam Plasma) or v-plasma generated without electrodes by certain wireless EM frequency oscillation/induction(Customized Water Systems+) etc. There are wide range of mechanics but often DBD(Insulating/Dielectric Barrier Discharge, can be low cost power use high voltage short pulse) is one of preferred methods for water effects.

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119 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada One of most potentially disruptive water tech with wide ramifications: Non-Thermal Plasma treated water can be called an euphemism version of Super Low Cost Hydrogen Peroxide(H2O2) / Direct Hydroxyl Radical(OH•) mass production method at low cost(too disruptive to call it spade as Hydrogen Peroxide production/Disinfection industry is too big to suddenly replace) compared to other AOP tech, plus there is more residual effect in water itself:、 WM officially approved prolonged(several days) disinfection effect of this "plain water" is explainable by presence of H2O2 until it all decomposes into H2O and O2(decomposition also often generates OH•[hydroxyl radical]), Also in other cases seems to produce OZONE(O3) & H2O2 simultaneously which generate high portion of OH•, or initially plasma produced O3 is irradiated by UV which is co-generated by plasma in water. This short lived(nonresidual harm) strongest "nonchemical" oxidizer is very disruptive if easily available as needed. Also NO and N2+ are produced and would increase the effect. But there seems to be other elements for this effect than just H2O2/OH•. Very energy-electricity efficient, and applicable to other industries of non-enegy relation. This plasma effect might be slightly different from time variant electromagnetic field(electric pulse) or basically same but separately named Pulsed Power effect through dielectric insulators. closer to, or same as Electrohydraulic effect: direct plasma discharge with shockwave effect.

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120 Similar to Plasma Steam but PAW is more like biomimicry of thunderstorm water: Ambient air is split into reactive nitrogen, or oxygen, in addition 0.5-4% vapor in air & rain water produces H2O2 which triggers Hydroxyl radical also. And this method of water activation has long lasting effects(up to 7days approved by WM). These water effects have been claimed about 70yrs by inventors, sidelined western scientists and Russian mainstream academic and finally met WM academic approval quietly after around 2011. This is a rather crucial step that someday likely trigger approval of severely pseudoscientized string of unapproved water effects represented in 28’Catalytic water and others. 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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121 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada Note: some effects in this section 23 refer to Cold Plasma arc discharge action itself in water(or electric arc), rather than activated water quality itself like in other sections. 、 Due to new WM(Western Mainstream) approved status, many organizations focus on research on PAW water quality but only a few are actively commercializing (VitalFluid BV, Waterplasma eu, Helix-pls, AIC Chile, Intellect-labs, Advanced Plasma Solutions - APS+). As overt naming of plasma based in-situ vapor Hydrogen Peroxide production tech has expanded only in medical application at mainstream level(but often named Plasma Sterilization without vapor-hydrogen peroxide reference) & little advertised openly in US/Canada: "H2O2 scare"(Sterrad) was created and main marketshare of vapor hydrogen device became premade h2o2 spraying method even for medical use(Steris+) somewhat more in Western Europe, & furthermore openly promoted in other newly advancing nations & BRICS etc.(Stericool, Renocem, PMS Healthcare+), While low cost massive OH• production version seems to be perpetually in research mode treatment by mainstream large corporate(Mitsubishi Electric, Toshiba+). But note non-PAW type Peracetic Acid vapour is workable at lower temperatures and even more efficient overall(REVOX Sterlization Solutions+)

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122 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 5 Only few of widely used industrial process hot or cold plasma technology companies or less used energy related cold plasma application companies are also entering water treatment market(Advanced Plasma Solutions, AdaptiveArc+). Note: unlike hot plasma(HP), cold plasma(CP) only excites electron & little or no ionic thermal motion/pressure force occurs. WM often ignores but CP can accompany significant nonlinear oscillations & various anomalous effects similar to low cost Torsion field types or other resonance effects, many of them debunked at least on WM media level. Low pH 3.5 or redox potential remains upto 7days after treatment at WM science approved level, though inventors and Russian version is more like 0.5-5yrs(Arios plasma+). Some anomalous water producing inventors use plasma activation effects, but most of them combine other processes in addition:(see sections18’Electrolysis mix, 28’Catalytic water, 50’, 9’SuperCritical, 7’UV etc) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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123 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada WM only media occasionally Disputed effect: A&B(Descaling & anti Corrosion of pipes)(OnVector+), H*(oil water separation, demulsion)(ElectroPetroleum+), Oil field use combined with Superheated water, also uses1/3 of water than conventional method(Ecotech EOR+), J*(advanced oxidizing), Because of its ability to cause electrohydraulic effect, it has strong synergetic effect with AOP type processes, Photocatalytic, Fenton[H2O2 & Fe3+/Fe2+ by different mechanics] etc: (טכנולוגית AquaPure, Wapulec Oy, 制電工業, Mitsubishi Electric, NSS Kyushu, ClearWater Plasma+), 1% electricity use of conventional plasma's(Tubular Plasma Reactor - SymbioPlasma+), Cold Plasma/Non-Thermal Plasma(NTP) water treatment often as portable service(Helix Pls, GlidArc, Magnegas, Pellucid Water+), some uses vortex motion of water as treated for max contact(Onvector Plasma Vortex, Symbios Technologies+), low as 40°C(terraplasma GmbH), Main water product is Ozone in super efficient low OPEX(Primozone+), House to industrial scale swimming pool use with ozone & radical specie mix to obviate chlorine use if regulation allows(Prozone Water Products+) -->>cont:

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124 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 7 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada -->>cont: WM only media occasionally Disputed effect: J*(AOP): Cold Plasma/NonThermal Plasma is potentially very disruptive tech for low cost effectiveness, generally most common commercialization application in this tech category(also see “G2” energy production, on next page), L(Drinking water generation[non desalination]+), M(Spray soak to make food last, air cleaning): air disinfection with various ways to make Hydroxyl radical, often Hydrogen Peroxide in excited form involved as a starting point of the chain reaction, also wet scrubbing replacement/large space odor removal by water droplet treatment for Ozone-Hydroxyl(Vapex Hydroxyl, Parkson OHxyPhogg, Winixcorp+), public place hand air cleaner with disinfection built in(American Dryer eXtremeAir+), Entire room can be disinfected with in 90mins with treated mist(TOMI Environmental Solutions SteraMist+), Only minimum wter moisture use but it does air sanitizing including fumes by electron avalanche effect(Close Coupled Field Technology: Air Manager Marine), N(food detergent), as occasionally claimed effects are: Q(metal working fluid), R(industrial semi conductor type parts, metal cleaning), Unlisted effects: CarbonNanotube production(Фирма «ПЛАЗМАС» +)

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Generally WM Rejected effect: E(Industrial type cleaner), F(laundry detergent as water), G(toilet, clothes stain removal), X(Lower redox value), Y(Pesticide, herb stifler), Z(Plant and animal grow faster, fermentation promotion), inventional accumulate nitrogen from air to make liquid fertilizer(Advanced Plasma Solutions): but growth fostering is easily mainstream science explainable by O2 produced from decomposed H2O2 . G2(Energy production while wastewater is decomposed), actually effect itself is in "occasionally disputed” category but academically problematic occasional water + trash "energy overunity like" effect is rejected(XFuels, Glidarc, TopLine Energy, Magnegas+): Cold Plasma tech: Magnegas & others allow most organic waste to energy in very high efficiency by portable type device at much lower cost than other waste to energy or decomposing tech, while processing itself or produced hydrocarbon is below catalytic converter requirement in emission level: practically free energy. This level of disruptive tech is now openly allowed with multiple of mainstream group backing(eg Lincoln Electric, Miller Electric, NY-FL fire dpts+), despite some Western Mainstream(WM)'s rejection, hence it bodes well for possibility of “free energy” type technology introduction further in the future Also Hydrogen like Magnegas shows similar qualities to HHO gas: a-Easy storage without leak, b-Metal cutting is plasma like performance, c-Anomalous adhesion to other matter, d-High solubility in liquids, 125 23’Plasma activated water(PAW): continued 8 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi treatment: (also related ♛ Static Electricity Ionized Water subsection at end of section): Much less studied than time variant magnetic water treatment but very similar effect observed in often stronger degree, Consistent theoretical claims on electrical static/ionizing effect produced by alloy core and metallic cylinder outside - some devices need earth grounding(RSI Team Green+). And this is presumably affecting water or dissolved minerals’ molecule behavior(electrostatic charge) for various effects, and combination of metal water friction followed by Venturi Cavitation with sudden pressure drop as key process. With significant backlash-debunking from WM mainstream backed groups most devices have money back guarantee 2-12months. Effect is too obvious to ignore and barely keeping pseudoscience status by consistent effort by Western mainstream institutions, some of them “accidentally” confirm their effect and later retract. Full mainstream tech in many Non-West nations. 126 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi: Effect mix of Disputed, Generally Rejected, Fully rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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WM media disputed effect: C&D(Algae germ stifling as process & as water): (Fre Flo Water+), virtually accepted at science level due to electrolyte of Zinc or Copper can cause those effects even water passes quickly, L(Drinking water generation [non desalination]+), used as part of filtration processes, but stand alone is uncompetitive, Generally WM Rejected effect: Some devices need replacement of metal electrolytic parts from 3months to 5yrs, while others are non-sacrificial type. Flowing pattern to create turbulence greatly differs by manufacturer. Sometimes combined with A&B(Scale removal, anti corrosion/rust) claims(SilkWater משביח מים ביתי, IOREX+, B2(less water required by plants), some of mechanical explanations given for this effect are altering ionization of electrolyte or charge polarity of water molecule, hence it becomes more suitable to be absorbed by plants(this effect is usually associated with "clustering effect" or water structure, or cell like water), This research, & both mainstream/debunked fringe water scientists tend to see idea of "small cluster" as cause of increased cell permeation-hydration is less probable than "charged water i.e. negative electron attached, or reduced state, charge gradient" effect), 127 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi treatment, Static Electricity Ionized Water: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->> cont: Generally WM Rejected effect: C2*(Plant grow in salt/toxin water/soil enhance/desalination), strong effect and mainstream use within some sector in western nations(eg Dry brackish water aquifer Australian farming area) despite damage control denial effort by WM. Mechanics might be also that "ionized water" has improved performance of plant metabolism even with NaCl water content. Weaker effect: E(industrial cleaner), F(Laundry detergent as water)(Vibrant Water Purification System+): weaker compared to Ozone but enhance detergent ability with cold water, and at certain light washing no detergents in rare cases, Q(Metal working fluid, cutting fluid or surfactant), J(Toxin neutralizing, waste water cleaning): Not as AOP, but fairly consistent(but not always)experimental/anecdotal user indication on altering of Chlorine effect. This claim is also made on magnetic/electric water treatment etc and seems to be due to some kind of ionization effect HClO to increasingly turn to ClO⁻ regardless of pH(pseudoscientific effect). Occasionally claimed as N(Food washing liquid) 128 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi treatment, Static Electricity Ionized Water: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Fully rejected effect: despite seeming pressure against it, some Western Academics and local Govn’t authorities often quietly endorse fairly significant & consistent agricultural effects: X(Plant animal grow larger-faster with more nutrition, less smell cattle/chicken residence or excrement etc), D2(Human preferred herb-insect- germ- enhancement) by feeding water in the area Other commercialized eg: (CareFree Water Conditioner, Morill Industries, PHT Water Improver, Zeta-Core USA, SoftWater Conditioners, Ejax, HydroDrive+) Variation examples: Silver use(Wold-unwelttechnoologie+), Equally effective but sacrificial anode(Aquabion+), Or needs monthly anode change & specific North-South orientation for best effect(Solavite+), One of the largest in this category with 200,000units+ installed(ScaleBuster+), Heavy industrial focus(Scale Ban India,+) 129 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi treatment, Static Electricity Ionized Water: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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Sub Category ♛ Static Electricity Ionized Water treatment: eg1: To create same range of effect as Electrolytic Metal & Venturi but no metal alloy used. Commercialized examples are rare: One of theoretical claim explanation is: Friction between water and inside “gate”(Carbon, Aluminium, Epoxy etc, or some kind of Electrolet) generates certain electron flow into water perpendicularly to its flow to create effect. Commercialized eg: (Ecotec-inc.com, Suprion AquaFlow, νG7- NewG7+), Similar to "fresh water version" of Leyden Jar like mechanics. eg2: Detergent effect: Seems completely different/unrelated but similar purported mechanics: Powder based non chemical detergent water “electrolyzed Sodium Carbonate” NaHCO3 in which fish can live: (バジャン ライトウエーブ) eg3: High voltage ElectricPulse projected in water soaks soil, activates plants and causes same range of effects as Electrolytic treatment (Narasaki-Int - 楢崎研究所+), eg4: High voltage with no current exposed seeds 24hrs significantly(not necessarily in water) “alters gene expression”(Unlisted effect, complete WM pseudoscience or fraud)(Chiba-Geigy, FIOS GreenBox): 130 24’Electrolytic Metal Alloy + Venturi treatment, Static Electricity Ionized Water: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 25’Electrostatic treatment(also see 26'Electric Pulse), Here definition is high voltage “stick” coated with dielectric material inserted in water flow, Often combined as sub process to amplify main effects(Ener-tec.com, Hkapc Ion Stick+). In this section other types of electric pulse with similar effects are included. WM Accepted effect: H(Oil-water separation) see “H2” below, S(Coagulation, separation of particle/toxin etc): (Endress+Hauser, FlowMark Water+), metal flocculant/colloidal particles seeded from electrode etc to alter repulsing static charge to attraction, fully mainstream electrocoagulation application(induction might generate microplama). The fact WM media approves this effect which is in direct relation to next page’s debunked “A: Antiscaling effect” shows its inconsistent logic applied, Generally expensive mainstream offered effect is mostly media approved while same mechanics device is debunked when device price is far less, H2(Dewatering of sludge, oil, masonry etc): widely utilized application of Electrostatic Desalting/Dewatering at crude oil refining process(Electrostatic Coalescence)(Cameron, Prosernat+) : causes water in oil to oscillate with electrostatic and make water droplets acceleratingly larger for easy recovery 131 25’Electrostatic treatment: Effect mix of, Accepted, Generally Rejected, Fully rejected by (WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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WM generally Rejected effect: A(descaling),(PermaClean Water, ELECTROchem, Cnpeide.com, +), this electrostatic repulsing of molecules to prevent scale deposit effect is completely WM science approved common sense while it remains strong debunking target by some WM media- to which academic abstain from openly criticizing. C&D(Algae bacteria stifling by process, or as water)(Also see 42'Electroporation)(Envirovision jp +) some claims by pulsating electrostatic -changing electric charge suffocate algae-microbe cells by sticking together, while repelling off pipe wall of silica type solutes. Micro voltage device can "superactivate" already electrical negative superfine/nanobubbles and applied nanobbule water works as disinfectant with electroporation effects(Tennant - Orbio - Water Star+), Micro Voltage electromedicine device can be discharged into water(equivalent strength as most Electrostatic) with selected frequency to kill all microbes(ParaZapper +): since it is illegal in many western nations to state what non-mainstream approved medical devices can do, some advertise as water treatment device, 132 25’Electrostatic treatment: continued 2 イノフェルト linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM generally Rejected effect: M(spray water to ionize air that contain hydroxyl to disinfect germs):(Talya Water, Gatrimon Orodox+), O(remove odor of housing by feeding cattle water): (FujiKeiSokki 電子水+) Occasionally claimed effect: B(Pipe corrosion/rust prevention/fouling)(Zeta Rod+)by naturally causing dissolved microbes to repel each other, X(Lower redox value) WM Fully rejected effect: Z(Plant, animal enhancement, catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure):(Customized Water System CWS, WaterChangers+), unlisted application but conventional wood drying can be enhanced 20-30% by spraying treated water over it- claimed to increase ion-electron activity. Also reduce oxidation during the process, This “Z” category effectiveness increases when ground has biochar buried(E-Maeda.org+), 133 25’Electrostatic treatment: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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■ 26’Electric field, Electromagnetic/Electric field pulse(also see 25'Electrostatic) etc, treatment; variant frequency electric field affects water crystallization by likely ionization/excitation of molecule or its bonding. Major pseudoscienzation of this tech along with Time Variant Magnetic Water Treatment tech at WM media & academia level until recently, Cost difference of using this tech against chemical/conventional tech use is large in terms of device, maintenance, man power cost. Yet there seems to be significant performance/effectiveness gap between manufacturers in this tech, due to lack of own standard device test protocol or industry association: any company can just wrap wires from frequency generator or magnet around the pipe and present as a product Commercially viable effect is at least 75% of case in properly installed std modern device:, some seems to be over 90%. Unworkability can be due to excess water temperature, strong external magnetic field presence to hinder effect, water is static (major issue with magnetic treatment, but does affect electric pulse type also to less extent), super high hardness-salt content etc, but still some causes are unexplainable as even those supposedly unworkable situations it works about 1/2 of time. 134 26’Electric field, EM pulse: Effect mix of Accepted, Disputed, Generally Rejected, Fully rejected by Western Mainstream(WM) linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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It has been “vogue” in WM science publication to emphasize failed device function(about 40% of paper showed insufficient or no effects, while most Non Western nations’[Russia, India, Slovenia, Iran, China, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia etc] academic reports are practically 100% success rate, then talk about how to improve performance & application), type of academic approach abstained from publishing if it were WM accepted tech in order to avoid criticism & keep the job. But in strict sense WM approved tech of spectroscopy research or crystallization of calcite deposit scale form altered to aragonite repeatedly showing & fully accepted water/scale quality difference after magnetic or electric treatment for at least since 2005. Also ortho Hydrogen's high activity vs Para Hydrogen and magnetic reactivity of former is WM science approved along with Oxygen reactivity: - hence this water effect is practically undeniable. Just like Cold Fusion for energy(see 18'Electrolysis Alkaline-Acid mixed), still overt conveniently selective scientific debunking data is supported sometimes, Electric type of device is most widely sold and used in residential market, usually stand alone technology devices. Most makers provide 3-12month money back guarantee, some industrial application types mandate preconsultation/site visit prior to purchase. Similar to Time Variant Magnetic Water treatment device, effect and price range differs considerably. 135 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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Often price and performance level doesn’t match. Likely three most important performance elements as 1-AC frequency, 2-its coverage width, & 3-wave form. Some advanced or commercial/industrial application devices has separate frequency intermixed for scaling, bacteria killing(and different species) etc, Most of them has AC pulse emitting two coils wound in solenoid pattern, It is often assumed two coil should generate coupling effect in standard set up. Compared to some of other electromagnetic, plasma or “subtle energizing” type water tech devices listed here, there is lot less claim or focus on bioenhancement effect water by electric field frequency water devices. ➢ Those who tend to claim more often are: 27’Magnetic/24’Electrolytic/33’Mineral BioCeramic & FIR(Far InfraRed) & Thz(Teraherz) wave oscillation/31’Torsion field/32’Coil Scalar Wave emitter/ 11’HydroDynamic Cavitation. ➢ Those tend to claim less bioenhancement are: 26’Electric Field, Electric Pulse, ElectroStatic, 41’ElectroSpray, 44’ ElectroHydraulic 136 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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WM Accepted effect: H(oil-water separation, Demulsion): ElectroCoalescence, Use of Dielectrophoresis effect: by applying Electric field(EF) to body of emulsified liquid, Pulse is more effective than uniform EF. Main use is for deep water petroleum extraction, or cleaning hydrocarbon fuel instead of only using expensive heating, chemical etc: Vessel Internal ElectroStatic Coalescer: VIEC(Wärtsilä+) & Low Water Content Coalescer: LOWACC(Aibel AS+), Compact types(Statoil, FMC Technologies, Fjords Processing AS+), also focus on biofuel(Origin oil - Origin clear+): Mainstream use in hydrocarbon extraction, but not widely used in other industries. 、 Also can create opposite effect Emulsion(oil water mix): ElectroEmulsification in flowing droplets in electrospray(see section 41') type setup, Uniform Electric Field applied instead of pulse. Suitable for small volume production. WM media disputed effect: J(BOD reduction, waste water cleaning): by germ stifling/killing. Based on 42'Electroporation(lysing), 13'Nanobubble bursting or Microplasma triggering hydroxyl radical, H2O2, UV effects etc. 、 WM media Rejected effect: A(scale prevention), Most common application, many targets residential market(Eddy Water Descaler, CalConditioner, LittlePlumber, ScaleBan, 4DeepBlue +), Ultrasonic resonance causing frequency band for increased effectiveness(Go Green Technologies, Buyaquavantage.com +), In china EM water treating device is offered as a part of water treatment or HVAC system(Czgljd.com, Hwktgs, Sdwwkt.com+)、 137 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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138 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 5 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada -->>cont: WM media generally Rejected effect: A(scale prevention)、 ■ Targeting commercial/industrial sector(SmartFlow eu, UbcalIndia, Koshin-Chem Zeta Wave+), Oil industry specific(MPK-VNP, AGT Soft Wave Inc, Weatherford ClearWell,+), Also works for struvite scale at wastewater pipes/motors(ScaleWatcher+), Significant local government & industrial installations and testimonial in a country/large corporate whose official science calls it pseudoscience(Desincal+), Probably much stronger effect by synergy with DBD discharge microplasma causing pulse(Reverse Ionizer+),、 ■ Target both Industrial and Residential focus: (Kejingyuan, Life Science UK, +), Major Western mainstream organization sells quietly under occasional criticism(BWT group, WaterCat - Hidrocat+), Wide range of govn't facilities & industrial(Термит etch+)、 ■ Likely more than 100,000 units sold, Some are more than million units:(ScaleBlaster, Hydropath - HydroFlow - AquaKlear, Aqua-Rex : Water-King, Valcan Descaler+) 、 ■ Claims sine wave form is more effective(ScaleManager, FlowTech Systems, +) ■ Combination of magnetic and electric pulse :(Ariores.co.kr+) ■ Ozone combo(FlowMark Water+): actually large portion of effect comes from economically disruptive H2O2 produced insitu? Vortex flow precedes(DropSon, Bauer-WT +), Frequency programmable(Universal Water Technologies, +)

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-->> cont: WM media generally Rejected effect: Occasionally claimed: B(corrosion & rust proof):(Calmat +), various sophisticated programming frequency configurations for erratic industrial process water flow(EZV spol+), C(Algae- germ stifling as process)(АкваЩит+), sometimes algae killed by cell walls ruptured at certain device’s accurately set frequency, but most devices don’t have accurate frequency or frequency power is not strong enough. Also extra water permeation through cell walls rupture for lysing effect(also see 42’ElectroPoration). Note WM approved high power version(categorized as 2’Pulsed Power) devices often rely their cell wall breaking by shock wave factor rather than subtle electroporation-. K(Dirty smelly lake water cleaning/clearing), S(Coagulation), Usually AC oscillating frequency needs to be adjusted for bioenhancement effect vs descaling effect as separate unit or frequency adjustment mode; B2(less plant water needs), C2(Soil desalination, plant growth with salty/toxic water), D2(Human preferred herb-insect-microbial enhancement), E2(Flavor enhancement of bakery, pasta, coffee etc), For beer (CellarControl - Hunter Technologies+), Wine(Aropur eu, Innovative-dt+), F2(Human/animal skin, dental, bio enhancement, Medical)(Vi-Aqua+) 139 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 6 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM media generally Rejected: Weaker effects & less often claimed: D(Algae/germ stifling as water), E(Detergent water effect): some type claims to have electrostatic effect causing to charge water solutes(Maxim-Water jp), M(spray-soak to make food last longer), N(food detergent), O(remove odor of dairy farm by feeding water to animals), P(Sludge reduction or oder removal of water), when electroporation effect causes certain undesirable type bacteria to die vs pulse happens to enhance human favorite bacteria’s activity?- seems there is different band range frequency between them, most devices are not set up/targeted to do this but a few apparently have some effects, T(even dyeing, paint production), U(stronger cement, ice, paper, gypsum etc), V(faster boiling, alcohol separation, more heat conductive), W(degassing, deoxygenation), X(Lower redox value), H2(Dewatering effect): not commercially targeted by weak power device found for this use(see 2’Pulsed Power, or 42’Electroporation) Effect WM Fully rejected: Z(Plant animal grow larger-faster-nutritious, Catalyst to ferment food, drink, manure),(Sirox Cleantech, Viaqua, Tathastu Services, Aqwatech, Harmony-bg eu +), Remote controlled frequency change & radionic type element combined targeting agricultural sector(Plant Horizons Technologies), Use of unique low frequency range(HydroSmart au +), 140 26’Electric field, EM pulse: continued 7 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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141 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: Effect Accepted, Generally Rejected by (WM) In this section 27’Time variant magnetic water treatment, Some details of geopolitical background is given in as an example of how non-standard low cost technology is allegedly treated by Western Mainstream(WM) groups. In addition to pure economic incentives, Their collective behavior suggests likely involving a few key members within: Academia-Gov’t Scientists-NGOs-Corporate-Industry Sponsored Groups & Backers, Media. They often seem to demonstrate interlocked scientific lobbying capabilities.、 This story is applicable to other, low cost, clean water related technology development. Also at least partially applicable to some non water industry segments: when low cost tech can replace existing technologies: Energy, GeoEngineering, Communication, Psychology, Medical, Mining, Various Industrial Process, Environmental remediation, Agricultural, and Military-National Security-Intelligence-Space-Commercial Banking,. For details see report: [Cold Fusion & Analysis of Other Controversial Claims...] 、 ■27’Time variant magnetic water treatment; Two main types are discussed here: ●i-Water moving past between mutually repulsing & pole reversing magnetic field with sufficient speed to cause certain kind of ionization or “activation” effect in molecules-bonding structure of water & solutes, Water structure effect is actually WM confirmed since 1960s by MRI machine(Fre Cope, Ray Damadian+): primitive super low power “wiggler/undulator” effect on moving water without specific frequency(no set water speed needed), ●ii-Confined water & dissolved matter is exposed to fast rotating magnetic field(several thousand rpm+) to cause microplasma like phenomena in water(often very strong effect) ->> continues linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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142 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 2 Historical tech status ●i- Until 1990s, up to 30%(recently max about 15%) of cases, effect by magnetically treated water in pipes scale formation seemed insufficient to none at industrial/commercial/agricultural applications even when established device manufacturers' product was used. This might to be due to insufficient PRECISE knowledge or inappropriate installations as to exact mechanics of how it works and what prevents effect etc. Many corporate users prefer to keep their “secret combination water recipe & application”, added to the fact this is publicly unannounce-able pseudoscience to start with still in many situations. In strict WM academic level hypotheses still vary while effect is long been taken for granted and practical focus has been about the mechanics or effect amplification/utilization when fund is available. Yet full mainstream use electromagnetic water flow meter(mag meter) clearly shows commercialized use of Faraday effect: charge separation when non-deionized water flows angle to magnetic field. 、 ●ii- Though to lot less extent than water pipe descaling, waste water treatment method was devised in Soviets & utilized also in China by treating confined water with Rotating Magnetic Field/Motional Electric Field(Torsion field/gravity effect link) which generates effects like electrolysis, cavitation, ultrasonic oscillation, electrohydraulic phenomena within water(often 20mm like metal pin is mixed). This decomposes waste water, separate heavy metals, while enhances fermentation amongst range of other pseudoscientific effects, speed, & low energy use. This effect never seemed to raise interest amongst "fringe" type consumer groups in west- so it was simply ignored and never debunked by WM. While quietly used by some Western companies. linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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143 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 3, Historical tech status 2 -->> cont: ●ii- Rotating Magnetic field(RMF) type: Its has much stronger & drastic effect due to prolonged Magnetic field exposure accompanied by microplasma generation(ie more like plasma induction effect). Product using Rotating Magnetic mechanics are marked with * . Effects of RMF/Spatially Motional Electric Field(including claimed to demonstrate gravity shielding effect) have been disputed and recently avoided largely in western academics probably due to "overunity" ambient electricity production capacity and gravity related mechanics: for more details go to other report [Cold Fusion & Analysis of Other Controversial Claims...] and look up "unshieldable moving magnetic field" In west, mainstream low cost disruptive tech funding often comes for debunking method creation & not much for actual technology development, while encouragement for low cost tech is usually given in non West gov't, non-multinational NGOs(Russia, China, India etc) and 3rd world(Middle East, Indonesia etc). For some low cost & potentially disruptive technologies, there seems to be two groups of science established in West: A-Actual effect using technological commercialization, B-“Discussion level of science” or “debunking specialist” type to publish one time debunking experiment in order to prevent it from widely recognized at public announcement of installation/open admission of money saving results at WM media. Latter group seems to be usually better funded and widely interlocked linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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144 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 4, Historical tech status 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada Yet magnetic water treatment debunking groups were not well organized during 1940-1990s: Mainstream Govn’t lab, Military experimental groups, notably of United States published conflicting conclusions/announcements/test results on magnetic water effectiveness: Some Gov't bureaucrats took for granted tech efficacy and recommended its wide applications & more research funds spending while others insisted effect is dubious & no funds to be spent. Later years(1990-2013) debunking group prevailed and uniform harmonious reality was projected as interlocked Western official scientific reality for ineffectiveness of magnetic water treatment. “Non-multinational-interlocked” smaller corporations have been usually free to install devices, while large corporations often abstain from talking about their “secret installations”.

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And for latest years(2013-), other various cost efficient disruptive water technologies have been approved by mainstream(eg Diamond Electrolysis, Plasma Activated Water etc), and new official approval might come soon to previously pseudoscience treatment tech such as magnetic or electric field water along with FarInfraRed water treatment devices or ozone use no-detergent cold water washing etc, allowing for mainstream public mass to gradually adopt into new technology. Historically: there are a few well known(within the segment) widely deployed strains of patented advanced magnetic water settings/flux capability/manufacturing methods: eg1 Soviet mainstream technology which went to some of Australian, US and UAE operations(Tkatchenko+), eg2: “Fringe science” US inventors/scientists came up with similar flux magnetic technologies(Kulish-De Palma-Shivo) and used in several of very large vol selling products world wide, eg3: Inventors did not widely commercialize the tech but improved & utilized by some Polish companies(Moriya & Miyata) and further researched seriously multiple large car manufacturers and academics. 145 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 5, Historical tech status 4 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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Magnetically treated water effects, if not the degree, are often very similar or identical with: 11’HydroDynamic Cavitation/24’Electrolytic/26’Electric Field, Electric Pulse, ElectroStatic/31’Torsion field/32’Coil Scalar Wave/33’Mineral BioCeramic & FIR(Far InfraRed) & Thz(Teraherz) wave oscillation/41’ElectroSpray/44’ ElectroHydraulic technologies, also electrical active type 55'Nano Material, 56'Nanofiltration tech except filtering capabilities: , About half of device in the market is combined with other supplemental technologies, or magnet is worked as supplemental or other key technologies. Many nations outside of DACH, Nordic, Japan, or Anglo-American types, devices are more frequently sold as part of comprehensive industrial/commercial water treatment or environmental enhancement product lines. Some are well established large volume sales, likely at least 100,000 sales up to 1millon plus units,(Superior Water Conditioning, PolarInt no, BP Group БП групп, Magnetizer - GMX, Filtermat nl - CEPI +) ▶ SEGMENT FOCUS ■1 Residential focus(AquaMax SRL, Aqua Israel, Magmini jp, НЕОМАГ - Neomag, NakipOFF - “НакипOFF”+) ■2 Commercial focus(AquaMag ch, Mediagon ch, Runga ru, МВС КЕМА-МПАВ+), ■3 Industrial focus(UDI-MAG, Enecon EneFlow, CleanAirTech ca, BonAqua.com, PG-Japan.com +) 146 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 6, Companies & products linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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■4 Agricultural focus(Delta Water Solutions, Jnysh com cn, Aqua-Correct de+), ■5 Niche focus: Oil & Gas industry: usually inline direct magnet contact or venturi design (Scale-X au, Flo-Rite Fluids inc, RFG Petro, FluxIndia, Magtekinc+), Pulp-Chemical-Steel industry(Koken-Ltd Ecobeam, +), Super high temperature pipe(Akua Manyetik Kireç+), Solar water pipe(Purion Water Conditioner+), Swimming pool(Pure Water Ionizador de Piscinas+), ■6 Military Focus: (Завод Молот-Механика+), ■7 Medical focus: (Magnetizagua SYLOCIMOL, Fuji Keiki+) ■8 Waste water treatment focus offered by fast rotating magnetic field(2000+rpm) *(Globecore ru, Aquapromspb, Plazer.com.ua+)* ▶ General wide range use coverage(Descal-A-Matic, FluidForce com, JaTech fr, Eniris ru, Atlis-mms.ui.ua, Магнитный активатор Amina, Ekosu, +)、 ▶ Some companies won Western mainstream innovative technology award(AkwaMag, Oakwoode - AquaPhyd, AquaUnique dk, AquaVital at, Movagro, Akra pl, Infracorr Sp +) ▶ Also focus on other pseudoscientific magnetic product: Magnetic fuel treatment for 3-10% gas saving, 30-50% general emission reduction(Reneval Hungary Kft, SuperMagnit kz, Magnet-tool Magiko, Profi-Magnet hu +), extremely rare Western official institution German TÜV passed effect as 15% fuel improvement(Maratech AG TIZICALOR), some non Western ally nation's govn't test usually products pass the test. 147 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 7, Companies & products 2 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada

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148 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 8, Companies & products 3 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada ▶ PERFORMANCE GUARANTEE: 10% crop increase or less water needed for farming use(Movagro), 5% boilder fuel saving by magnetic fuel & water treatment(Arionic+), same for 10%(Vosges-Italia), $100,000 reward if academics can prove device doesn’t work(MultiMag pl) ▶ UNIQUE CONFIGURATIONS: Wire grounding required for electron transfer(Scale-Buster cn, +), RO with magnet inside to reduce scaling(Graham Tek Reverse Osmosis+), Water treatment coagulation and trapping by magnet(Spaw-Test pl +), Geometric considerations(Purak eu +), Pipe flow divided into multiple magnetic exposure lines(PrimaCalc +) ▶ IN-LINE DEVICE FOR DIRECT MAGNET CONTACT claiming stronger effects for given configuration(Mwsys.ru, Ekom si +) ▶ ADDED OTHER MECHANICS: Vortex(Algarid, Omni Water For Life, BeonTech de +), Venturi(ITmastion - Meckling’s MHD Systems, GieWasser+), Electrolytic(FilterWater Direct+), Subtle Torsion - Scalar Wave(Aqua Lyros, Aqua Sinus Plus +), Metal Ion(AquaDynTech+)Far InfraRed(Viox co jp, フォーチュンナイン株式会社 +), ▶ WESTERN MAINSTREAM COMPREHENSIVE WATER TREATMENT COMPANY OFFERS MAGNETIC TREATMENT AS STD PRODUCT LINE:( Comapwt ) ▶ FUNCTION OF MAGNETIC WATER BUILT IN MAINSTREAM EQUIPMENT: (AtlasFiltri, Genebre es, Krafting cz, Elcla it +)

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149 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 9 WM Accepted G2(electricity/energy production): Faraday effect can generate electricity when conductive water flows vertically to magnets, Slightly similar to MHD effect. Self powered Magnetic Flow Meter(OMEGA Engineering+) by pair of magnets on opposed sides of water pipe, when water flows charge is separated & to be picked up by opposed electrodes to cause electron flow. Completely ignored for major power generation potential. Most Faraday effect water meter is ElectroMagnet type which doesn't generate net power. ●Weak Effect: H(oil-water separation), generally seem to assist existing system to recover oil in coagulated form but as minor effect. Some are getting stronger results by featuring "magnetostatic coalescence" effect(EXPORTech Company, Eco1st Technology Separation Enhancer+), Others use magnet/ferromagnetic particle as nucleus for water/oil droplet & later collect together. -->> cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada

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150 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 10 WM media generally Rejected effects: A(Descaling): most frequently focused application except in agricultural industry (MagnaTek Water Conditioners, Anti Ca++, CSV Optimus ba +), Usually very difficult dairy production line scale prevention(ЕТВ-Технология плюс +), Dental scale prevention(Weltecnet+), Some specialized brand seems to be able to significantly reduce or eliminate scale as long as regular shutdown inspection is conducted at even dairy processing or sugar production plant pipes(MundiMex+), Medical application by blood vessel plaque removal by specifically accurately configured magnetic field(AML Superconductivity & Magnetics), Bioenhancement & pain relief by flowing blood is exposed to time variant magnetic field in thousands of blood capillaries & vessels(BioMagnetic Sport+),RO desalination scale prevention(NuWater+), Paraffin descaling: oil pipe scale prevention (Химсталькомплект, Separation Enhancer Eco 1st, Oil-tic Лантан, Incompneft+), Most challenging way-beyond chemical capability type use is often in-house or engineering firm customized or R&D devised(PETRONAS+): but this info seems usually unpublished, -->> cont: linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak, Vancouver BC, Canada

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-->>cont: WM media generally Rejected effects: A(pipe scale prevention): Also depends on set up certain coagulation occurs. Scale prevention effect is complete mainstream science(not media) accepted tech, but even at generally new tech willing Western oil industry they tend to abstain from use openly, core use in Russia and some other nations, B(anticorrosion, rust prevention/removal),(Jspkk Japan System Kikaku, Kanasugi-Syoukou, Perma-Trade+), B2(less water needed for plants, faster yet longer water absorption by soil(MundiMex+), C2*(plant grow in salt water, soil enhance, desalination):(MorePlant+): salty water plant growth-commercially harvested up 13,000ppm,) (MagneticEast, Rosoobgir+)This is often deemed as most cost effective available method- particularly in Farmers in ME & South America, D2(human preferred herb-insect-germ enhancement) ■ Less often claimed: C(algae germ stifling)(Donglimbk, ....................Wfluquan, Nihon-T.co.jp+), 151 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 11 磁水处理器 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Research, Vancouver, Canada

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-->>cont: WM media generally Rejected: F(improving flavor of pasta, coffee etc): (Elisirproductor, ROSS - РОСС УМОВ+), Wine effect seems to be weak compared to electric field’s specific frequency setting:(ЕТВ-Технология плюс +), E2(enhancement of flavor in coffee-pasta-rice etc)(Aqua-Techniques fr, HydroLux info+), U(stronger cement, gympum, ice bonding strength etc), Improve paper density & strength(Beijing Jiacheng +) as water passing magnet type(Максмир-М+), stronger effect by fast rotating magnetic field *( Экология ECOUOM+)*, Occasionally claimed weaker effect D(algae stifler as water, disinfectant): (Panox jp+), E(Industrial type heavy cleaner), F(laundry detergent as water): usually only reduce detergent use, some light wash makes detergent unnecessary: (Гидромагнитная система ГМС 20+), Magnetic Laundry Ball:(WasserFix, MagneticLaundry, Dipro Clean, MagnetBall net+), G,I,&K(Toilet stain/odor, Kitchen odor, grease trap cleaning, dirty smelly lake water clarity increase/cleaning):(Super-Magnum.com+), Hydrocarbon esp diesel fouling prevention(Metalsinter filtros+), M(spray soak to lad food longer, less mold): (Kappatu.com+), N(food detergent), O(remove odor of dairy farm by feeding water to animals):(Mag Tech PVT+), S(coagulation/toxin separation)(Nicaro+), —>> continue magnetic treatment 152 27’Time variant Magnetic Field water treatment: continued 12 北京佳成英杰公司 linkedin.com/in/newnatureparadigm - Ben Rusuisiak: Specialty Cleantech Analysis, Vancouver, Canada