Know all about Botox

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Know all about Botox

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Commercial names of Botox There are multiple name under which the botox is sold. Vistabel, Botox cosmetic (Botulinum toxin Type A) Dysport (Botulinum Toxin Type A) Bocuture, Xeomin (Botulinum Toxin type A) Myobloc (Botulinum Toxin type B)

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What is Botox? Botox is a brand name of Botulinum toxin type A. It is produced from the Bacterium Clostridium Botulinum. It is used for medically treating muscular conditions. It is cosmetically used for temporary removal of wrinkles by temporary paralysis.

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Brief Overview of botox history The usage of Botox was approved by FDA for first time in 1980s for blepharospasm (uncontrolled blinking) and strabisums (lazy eye). The Botox was used for cosmetic purposes for the first time in 1996. It got FDA approval for cosmetic use in 2002.

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How Botox works? Botox works by blocking the signal transmission from the nerves towards the muscles. The injected muscles are unable to contract. The surface skin does not creases and is unable to form wrinkles. Large quantities can cause respiratory failure leading to death.

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Uses of Botox Image courteousy: CosmeDocs clinic

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Medical Uses Botox is approved by FDA for the treatment of following medical conditions; Blepharospasm (eyelids spasm) Chronic migraines & headaches Sever axillary (primary)hyperhidrosis Muscle spasms Overactivity of bladder Cervical dystonia

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Cosmetic uses of Botox Botox is approved for the following cosmetic uses; Glabellar lines Crow’s feet or small lines around the eyes It is also used off-label or unapproved for treatment of; Lip area Neck bands (Platysmal bands) Palmar and plantar hyperhidrosis Cerebral palsy in children Facial tics Voice disorders and many others.

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Side effects The most commonly experienced side effects include bruising, discomfort and mild swelling. Other side effects include; Itchy rashes Breathing shortness Pain at the injection sites Headache Muscle weakness Nausea fatigue Neck pain Problems of eyes (blurred vision, eyelid drooping, double vision)

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Results & Cost The effects of botox injections are temporary. The results lasts for about 4-6 months. Repeat treatment is required after the affect of injections wears off. The cost of single botox injection cost about £150 per injection site. Some practitioners or cosmetic clinics charge according to the injected Botox units.

Summary: Botox is a neuro toxin which works by inhibiting the neural transmission to the muscles which stops their activity.

Tags: botox cosmetic botulinum toxin

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