Future Technologies


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Future Technologies Jamie Billingham

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Stretchable Silicon YT vid of possible applications: http://bit.ly/dboi5A “devices thin and flexible enough to be rolled up like a newspaper […] "smart" credit cards carry bendable microchips […] "electronic paper" -- thin, paperlike displays.” “surgeons' gloves to create sensors that would read chemical levels, […] without impairing the sense of touch. It could allow a prosthetic limb to use pressure or temperature cues to change its shape.

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Stretchable Silicon

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Chaos Computing Normal computing uses Logic Gates (AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, XOR and XNOR) to process data. A Logic Gate receives two bits and outputs one bit based on the inputs. A Logic Gate can only do one thing. (E.g.: They are not adaptable.) Chaos Computing is based around the idea of using Chaotic Logic Gates for computing data.

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Chaos Computing Chaotic Logic Gates will accept another input, a formula to determine what the Gate will do with the data. This means that one moment, the chip could be a CPU. Then, within a few billionths of a second, it could become a GPU. Chaotic Logic Gate Normal Logic Gate (OR)

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3D Printing 3D printing (or Prototyping) is used to create physical 3D models of CAD designs. Until recently, it has been extremely expensive and only used by the biggest CAD companies. However, it has recently become far cheaper and more affordable for small to medium sized businesses. The price has changed due to the change in technique. Up until now, extrusion has been the only method. Meaning that a mould is generated, then it is used to extrude a plastic model.

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3D Printing However, recently new techniques have been developed. Now you can use an inkjet printing system. Layers of a fine powder are selectively bonded by "printing" an adhesive in the shape of each cross-section as determined by a CAD file. An open source project is currently underway to create a self replicating 3D printer which can print it’s own circuits. (http://bit.ly/diK0Ui)

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Nanocrystal Displays Nanocrystals are tiny materials that emit coloured light. Like OLED, nanocrystal offers greater color accuracy and wider viewing angles, compared with LCD. One of their biggest advantages is that "it is no more expensive to make a nanostructure that's 1 nanometer in diameter versus 100 nanometers”.

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Nanocrystal Displays

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Multi-touch Displays In the space of just a few years, Multi-touch has exploded from being a very rarely used and complex technology, to being very widely implemented in tablets and smartphones. Currently, there are three main ways that Multi-touch is implemented...

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Multi-touch Displays The most advanced and accurate Multi-touch screens use a projected image and cameras behind the surface. The cameras pick up the points where the surface is being touched and drivers will convert it into data that applications can use. Advantages:- Accurate, high quality images, unlimited points, can “see” objects, easy and cheap to implement. Disadvantages:- Requires a large enclosure to house a projector and cameras, projectors can be expensive.

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Multi-touch Displays Another way that Multi-touch displays work is with Capacitive touchscreens. This is what the Apple iPhone uses. The screen is made of a hard transparent material. If someone touches it, an electrical disturbance is causes, software can interpret the data, turning it into points. Advantages:- Does not require much space (for flat screens), accurate, firm screen. Disadvantages:- Limited number of touch points, expensive for large displays.

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Multi-touch Displays The last way that Multi-touch displays can be implemented is with Resistive touchscreens. They use two flexible layers separated with a small layer of air. The layers are coated with a conductive material. When the layers meet, an electrical signal transfers between the two layers. Software uses the signal to identify where the display was touched. It can be adapted to allow for multiple touch points, but it becomes very complicated. Advantages:- Cheap. Disadvantages:- Complicated to implement, inaccurate, limited number of points, display feels flimsy.

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Transparent Transistors The general idea of Transparent Transistors is that you could, in effect, have an entire computer that would be totally transparent. So far, this technology has never been managed in real life. However Hollywood has been using it for a while as can be seen in Minority Report (2002). A few possible applications of the technology could be in car windscreens, advertising and mobile phones. Although I think popups may just get a little more annoying… More Info: http://bit.ly/cv1YJ1

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Silicon Brains A silicon brain is a computer that can process data just as fast as a human brain. Currently, this is not possible, as the fastest computers are roughly 400 million times slower than the human brain. (See next slide.) However, that doesn’t stop anyone from trying. A project called Blue Brain is using the Blue Gene supercomputer to model the brain and attempt to replicate what the brain does. Blue Brain Project: http://bit.ly/bsljKD

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Silicon Brains A human brain can process around 10 quadrillion FLoating point Operations Per Second – A.K.A.: 1.0x1024 FLOPS. Whereas, the world’s most powerful supercomputer (Jaguar – Cray XT5) compares with to the brain with 2.3x1015 FLOPS, meaning that the brain is about 400 million times faster than the fastest computer.

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Bacterial Photography It’s a Kodak moment, E-coli can take photos. Using a modified version of E-coli, scientists have developed a biological light sensor. It’s images are only black and white (not greyscale), but they are extremely high quality (100 million pixels per square inch). A professor of pharmaceutical chemistry, Chis Voigt, said that is marks a turning point where we can program “how cells move, eat, communicate […] encoded like a computer program”.

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Tritium Batteries A new technology, known as the BetaBattery, could be the first battery that can have our phones running all day, year and decade(s). Using the decay of the half-life hydrogen isotope Trituim, BetaBatteries can output energy for around 50 years. The only problem is that Tritium is a very good source of Beta radiation (hence BetaBatteries), which is extremely dangerous for humans… so I’m a bit dubious about sticking it in my phone.

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Viral Fashion Researchers at MIT are developing fabric and fashion accessories whose patterns and designs can change dynamically. Therefore, Viral Fashion would be a craze of a particular design. The magic is that you could hook your T-Shirt up to your phone. You could draw a design and it would appear on your T-Shirt, or you could share your patterns on Twitter so your friends could have the same designs.

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Viral Fashion This has humongous potential for advertising, social networking and social media. So Viral Fashion would be just like a Viral Video, or other online Virals (such as lolcats, etc…)

Summary: Presentation about technologies of the future.

Tags: future technology technologies innovation jamie billingham