Tips on Answering Questions Related To Verbs

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Tips on Answering Questions Related To Verbs [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/19-verbs/1-tips-on-verbs/ ]. LearningPundits helps Job Seekers make great CVs [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/1-cv-preparation-for-freshers/1-cv-writing-tips-for-freshers/ ] , master English Grammar and Vocabulary [ https://learningpundits.com/course/4-english-grammar/ ] , ace Aptitude Tests [ https://learningpundits.com/course/11-mathematical-aptitude/ ], speak fluently in a Group Discussion [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/6-group-discussion-questions/1-tips-for-speaking-in-a-group-discussion/ ] and perform well in Interviews [ https://learningpundits.com/course/2-personal-interview/ ] We also conduct weekly online contests on Aptitude and English [ https://learningpundits.com/contest ]. We also allow Job Seekers to apply for Jobs [ https://learningpundits.com/applyForJobs ]

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VO: 10 Tips on using adverbs

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VO: Each of the following sentences will contain a mistake in the usage of Verbs. See if you can spot that mistake.

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VO: Can you spot the errors in these 5 sentences? Please pause the video here to see if you can spot all 5 errors.

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VO: The percentage of successful candidates are very high this sentence is incorrect because the word with the word ‘percentage’ in subject, the verb is always singular. So the correct answer is The percentage of successful candidates are very high. The sentence My mother no less than my father are strict– is wrong because it is joined by ‘no less than’ so the verb will be according to the first subject, which means it will singular. The correct answer is My mother no less than my father is strict. Every student and every teacher have participated in the school event is wrong because when the word ‘every’ is used as pronoun or adjective, the following verb should be third person singular, in this case ‘has’ is used in place of ‘have’ . So the correct answer is Every student and every teacher has participated in the school event. Three fourths of my salary go to taxes-- is incorrect because with fractions the verb agree with the object of the preposition that follows the subject. Here three fourths is a single unit. So the correct answer is Three fourths of my salary goes to taxes. Six months are needed to complete the assignment– this is a wrong sentence because ‘Six months’, in this sentence, is one period of time, so the verb will be singular. The correct answer is Six months is needed to complete the assignment.

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VO: Can you spot the errors in these 5 sentences? Please pause the video here to see if you can spot all 5 errors.

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O: The sentence Thirty five percent of the population are educated– is wrong because some figure of percent is used with uncountable nouns, in this case ‘population, the verb will be singular. So the correct answer is Thirty five percent of the population is educated. A lot of my friends lives here- is wrong because here ‘friends’ is plural countable noun, hence, the verb will plural. So, the correct answer is A lot of my friends live here. She requested that he raises his hand-- is incorrect because sentence demonstrates the subjunctive mood, where a request is being expressed. So singular subjects are paired with what we usually think of as plural verbs and the correct answer is She requested that he raise his hand. A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room--because ‘bouquet’ is collective noun, a single unit, so the following verb should be singular. The correct answer is A bouquet of yellow roses lends color and fragrance to the room. Either Anita or Ashish are helping today with the arrangements– is a wrong sentence because two singular subjects connected by or, either/or, or neither/nor require a singular verb. So the correct answer is Either Anita or Ashish is helping today with the arrangements.

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VO: Can you spot the errors in these 5 sentences? Please pause the video here to see if you can spot all 5 errors.

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VO: A scooter and a car is my means of transportation– is a wrong sentence because when two or more subjects are connected by and, we use plural verb. So the correct answer is A scooter and a car are my means of transportation. The sentence Breaking and entering are against the law- is wrong because here ‘breaking’ and ‘entering’ are not two separate words but it is compound noun. So the correct answer is Breaking and entering is against the law. Neither the plates nor the serving bowl go in the dishwasher -- is wrong because we use neither/nor to join two or more subjects, the verb agrees with the noun or pronoun closest to it. So the correct is Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes in the dishwasher. We can also say Neither the serving bowl nor the plates go in the dishwasher. Five years are the maximum sentence for that offense– is a wrong sentence because here ‘five years’ depicts a period of time hence should be followed by a singular verb. The correct answer is Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. The sentence --Here is the keys to the first floor room– is incorrect because when sentences start with “there” or “here,” the subject will always be placed after the verb and verb follows the subject to be plural or singular. In this case ‘keys’ is plural. So the correct answer is Here are the keys to the first floor room.

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VO: Can you spot the errors in these 5 sentences? Please pause the video here to see if you can spot all 5 errors.

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VO: I or he are to be rewarded? This is an incorrect sentence because when two or more subjects are joined by ‘or’, the verb is according to the nearest subject. Here ‘he’ is singular so the correct answer is I or he is to be rewarded? They each is honest – is wrong because here ‘each’ is used after the subject ‘they’, so the verb should be plural. Correct answer is They each are honest. The sentence Many an events have taken place in the stadium is wrong because the expression ‘many an’ should be followed by a singular noun and singular verb. So the correct answer is Many an event has taken place in the stadium. Plenty of information are available on the internet– is a wrong sentence because here ‘information’ is a uncountable noun, so the following verb with ‘plenty of’ will be singular in form. The correct answer is Plenty of information is available on the internet. At the party, they enjoyed- is not a correct answer because enjoyed is a transitive verb that must take an object. So the correct answer is At the party, they enjoyed themselves.

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16 TIPS on USING VERBS Grammar Rules and Tips for using Verbs

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What is a Verb? Verbs are words that describe an action, an occurrence, or a state of being; mental, physical, or mechanical. Verbs form one of the main parts of a sentence or question in English. Function of Verb: It answers the following questions What a person or thing do? She teaches in school. (active) What is done to a person or a thing? The house was cleaned. (passive) What is the time of action? I am going to Jaipur tomorrow. (future tense) What a person or thing is? My brother is a doctor. (‘be’ as an ordinary verb)

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Types of Verbs Auxiliary Verb (Be, Have, Do): used together with a main verb to show the verb’s tense or to form a negative or a question: Does Sam write his own reports? Modal Verb: Can/Could, Will/ Would, Shall/ Should, May/Might--used to express ability, possibility, permission or obligation: You can go to school. Transitive Verb: action of verb transits/ passes over to an object: She ate the fruits. (fruits is ‘direct object’) Intransitive Verb: action of verb does not transit/pass over to an object: The cat sneezed. Stative Verb: relates to a state of being, a thought, or an emotion but not an action: He feels elated. Action Verb: expresses physical or mental action: She is walking in the park. (or) He believes that it can be done. Regular Verb: takes add -ed or -d to the base form of the verb to create the past forms: (Play-Played) Irregular Verbs don’t take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple or past participle: (Catch-Caught)

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Types of Verbs Phrasal Verb: made with a main verb and another word (either a preposition or a particle) and forms a meaning different to the main verb: A burglar will often break a window to break in. Finite Verb: shows tense and are conjugated to agree with the subject: She was waiting in the room. Non-Finite Verb: do not show tense. They are of three types: Participle: usually formed by adding –ing or –ed to a verb. It functions as an adjective: The singing bird was the main attraction at the event. Gerunds: formed by adding –ing to a verb. It functions as a noun: Smoking is prohibited in the hospital. Infinitive: formed by using the word ‘to’ before the verb in its stem word. It functions as a noun, adjective or adverb: Shalini loves to talk. Link Verb: Some verbs are followed by either a noun or an adjective: He became angry. (noun + verb + adjective) Causative Verb: used to indicate that some person/thing makes, requires, forces or helps to make something happen: I made my friend write a letter.

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Tips on using Verbs

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Subject-Verb Agreement: Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). A singular subject takes a singular verb: The dog growls when he is angry. A plural subject takes a plural verb: The dogs growl when they are angry. Phrases between the subject and verb not affect agreement: The dog, which belongs to my relatives, usually growls at strangers. Tip #1: Singular-Plural In the present tense: Nouns ADD an s to the singular form; Verbs REMOVE the s from the singular form. Singular: The dog chases the cat. Plural: The dogs chase the cat. In the simple past tense: The verb remains the same when without any helping verbs. Singular: The girl talked to me. Plural: The girls talked to me. is-are, was-were, has-have, does-do: When helping verbs are used with a main verb, there must be Subject-Verb Agreement: Singular: The girl has talked to me. Plural: The girls have talked to me. Tip #2: Verbs in Tense

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As well as, Like, Unlike, Besides, In addition to, With, Together with, Along with, And not, Rather than, No less than, Except, Nothing, No more than: When these words join two or more subjects, the verb is used according to the first subject. Nothing but prayer is valuable. (here prayer is in singular number so we use singular verb ‘is’) The coach as well as the players was honored by the government. (the first subject ‘coach’ is singular so we use singular verb ‘was’, not ‘were’) Tip #3: Unlike, Besides, With, Except Tip #4: Either-Or, Neither Nor Not only-But also, Either-or, Neither-nor, None-but: When these words join two or more subjects, the verb is used according to the nearest subject. One or two books is are needed. (nearest subject ‘books’ is in plural so we use plural verb ‘are’) None but the students are responsible for the chaos in the class. Neither the class teacher nor the students were present in the assembly.

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Each, Every, None, Anyone, Neither, Either: When these words are used as pronouns or adjectives, the following verb should be in the third person singular. Neither of the two workers have has come today. (though we are talking about two workers, we still use ‘has’) None: when used with uncountable nouns, verb is singular. None of the information is correct. Each: when used after subject, verb is plural. They each are obedient. Each of the students is obedient. (here ‘each’ is an adjective, so singular verb) Tip #5: Each, Every Many A/An, More than One: These expressions should be followed by a singular noun and singular verb. Many a candidate has applied for the job. (the noun ‘candidate’ and the verb ‘has’ is in singular due to use of ‘many a’) Many candidates have applied for the job. (noun and verb both plural) More than one man was absent. (the noun ‘man’ and the verb ‘was’ is in singular due to use of ‘more than one’) More men than one were absent. (in case of ‘more men than one’, the verb is plural) Tip #6: Many A/An, More than One

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Amount, Sum, Quantity, Time, period, Distance: When these are expressed using plural nouns, the following verb is singular. Two miles are is too far to walk. Hundred rupees is the entry fee. (‘hundred rupees’ is considered one amount of money) Hundred rupees were scattered on the floor. (In this sentence, ‘hundred rupees’ is considered to be hundred individual rupee notes and not a single unit) Tip #7: Plural Noun (time, distance, period) Tip #8: Collective Noun Family, Herd, Choir, Group, Team, Group, Population: These types of collective nouns are followed by both singular and plural verbs, depending on the intent. The class is in session. (Here ‘class’ is referring to the whole group so we have a singular verb) The class are taking their tests today. (The ‘class’ in this sentence is referring to each member as an individual so it uses a plural verb)

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If two subjects are joined by "and," the verb is plural: Bread and butter are sold here. If the two subjects separated by "and" refer to the same person or thing, the verb is singular: Bread and butter is difficult to earn. (here ‘bread and butter’ is a compound noun) Rice and fish is my mom's favorite dish. Tip #9: And It: When sentence begins with ‘It’, the verb is according to the subject indicated by ‘It’)  It is a real challenge to find a good deal on a car. (‘Finding a good deal’ is the subject which is singular) There, Here: When sentences start with “there” or “here,” the subject will always be placed after the verb and verb is conjugated in agreement with the subject. There is a problem with the balance. sheet. Here are the papers you requested. Tip #10: It, Here, There

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Number of: The number of musicians signing to record labels increases each year. A number of musicians intend to get a contract deal each year. Means: Means are more important than the ends. A fair means is more important the foul ones. Wage: The wages/wage in IT are/is the highest. (wage meaning rate of compensation) The wages of sin is death. (here wage means recompense or return) Tip #11: Number Of, Wages, Means Plenty of, Rest of, Variety of, A lot of, fraction of, Per cent of: In these cases we use singular verb with uncountable nouns and plural verb with countable nouns . Plenty of milk is available in the store. (milk is uncountable so singular verb) A variety of books are available. (books are a countable noun, so plural verb) Per cent/ Percentage: Twenty per cent of the students have cleared the exam. The percentage of the successful candidate is low. (verb is singular in case of percentage) Tip #12: Plenty, Variety, Lot, Percentage

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Subjunctive Mood: used to express things that are hypothetical, wishful, imaginary, or factually contradictory. ‘Were’ replaces ‘was’ in sentences that express a wish or are contrary to fact: If Ramesh were here, you'd be sorry. I wish it were Saturday. As if/As though: She behaves as if she was were the landlady. Tip #13: Subjunctive Mood Interrogation: Subject-Verb inversion happens in questions. What is the problem? What are the problems? Did he come to work on time? Inversion also happens when the sentence is introduced by adverb: So quickly did she finish her assignment that we were astonished. Inversion occurs when the verb is meant to be a wish or prayer: May you be blessed with a long life. Tip #14: Subject-Verb Inversion

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Transitive Verb: Require an object Transfer their action to the object She wrote a book. (verb ‘write’ transfers the action to single object ‘a book’) She offered him (first object) her book. (second object). (verb ‘offer’ transfers the action to two objects ‘him’ and ‘her book’) Intransitive Verb: Don’t require an object They run. ( verb ‘run’ has no object) She slept. ( verb ‘slept’ has no object) Tip #15: Transitive, Intransitive Verbs Irregular Verbs: Verbs that don’t take on the regular –d, -ed, or -ied spelling patterns of the past simple (or past participle. Base Simple Past Past Participle Be Was, Were, Been Arise Arose Arisen Begin Began Begun Irregular verbs where past and past participle remain the same: Base Simple Past Past Participle Bid Bid Bid Cost Cost Cost Hit Hit Hit Tip #16: Irregular Verbs

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Spot the Errors

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The percentage of successful candidates are very high. My mother no less than my father are strict. Every student and every teacher have participated in the school event. Three fourths of my salary go to taxes. Six months are needed to complete the assignment. Spot the Error

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The percentage of successful candidates are very high. The percentage of successful candidates is very high. My mother no less than my father are strict. My mother no less than my father is strict. Every student and every teacher have participated in the school event. Every student and every teacher has participated in the school event. Three fourths of my salary go to taxes. Three fourths of my salary goes to taxes. Six months are needed to complete the assignment. Six months is needed to complete the assignment. Spot the Error

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Thirty five percent of the population are educated. A lot of my friends lives here. She requested that he raises his hand. A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room. Either Anita or Ashish are helping today with the arrangements. Spot the Error

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Thirty five percent of the population are educated. Thirty five percent of the population is educated. A lot of my friends lives here. A lot of my friends live here. She requested that he raises his hand. She requested that he raise his hand. A bouquet of yellow roses lend color and fragrance to the room. A bouquet of yellow roses lends color and fragrance to the room. Either Anita or Ashish are helping today with the arrangements. Either Anita or Ashish is helping today with the arrangements. Spot the Error

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A scooter and a car is my means of transportation. Breaking and entering are against the law. Neither the plates nor the serving bowl go in the dishwasher. Five years are the maximum sentence for that offense. Here is the keys to the first floor room. Spot the Error

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A scooter and a car is my means of transportation. A scooter and a car are my means of transportation. Breaking and entering are against the law. Breaking and entering is against the law. Neither the plates nor the serving bowl go in the dishwasher. Neither the plates nor the serving bowl goes in the dishwasher. Five years are the maximum sentence for that offense. Five years is the maximum sentence for that offense. Here is the keys to the first floor room. Here are the keys to the first floor room. Spot the Error

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I or he are to be rewarded? They each is honest. Many an events have taken place in the stadium. Plenty of information are available on the internet. At the party, they enjoyed. Spot the Error

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I or he are to be rewarded? I or he is to be rewarded? They each is honest. They each are honest. Many an events have taken place in the stadium. Many an event has taken place in the stadium. Plenty of information are available on the internet. Plenty of information is available on the internet. At the party, they enjoyed. At the party, they enjoyed themselves. Spot the Error

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About Us LearningPundits helps Job Seekers make great CVs, master English Grammar and Vocabulary , ace Aptitude Tests , speak fluently in a Group Discussion and perform well in Interviews. We also conduct weekly online contests on Aptitude and English. Job Seekers can also apply for jobs on LearningPundits. You can read more about Tips on Using Verbs.

Summary: Tips on Answering Questions Related To Verbs [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/19-verbs/1-tips-on-verbs/ ]. LearningPundits helps Job Seekers make great CVs [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/1-cv-preparation-for-freshers/1-cv-writing-tips-for-freshers/ ] , master English Grammar and Vocabulary [ https://learningpundits.com/course/4-english-grammar/ ] , ace Aptitude Tests [ https://learningpundits.com/course/11-mathematical-aptitude/ ], speak fluently in a Group Discussion [ https://learningpundits.com/module-view/6-group-discussion-questions/1-tips-for-speaking-in-a-group-discussion/ ] and perform well in Interviews [ https://learningpundits.com/course/2-personal-interview/ ] We also conduct weekly online contests on Aptitude and English [ https://learningpundits.com/contest ]. We also allow Job Seekers to apply for Jobs [ https://learningpundits.com/applyForJobs ]

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