350.org 2010 Presentation

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Slide 1

? WHAT IS

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it’s MORE than a NUMBER...

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SCIENCE it’s about…

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it’s a clear limit

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CLIMATE THAT TELLS US WHAT’S SAFE FOR OUR

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it’s also about… MOVEMENT

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a global grassroots movement

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united by a common goal:

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in this presentation… THE SCIENCE OF 350 WHAT HAPPENED IN 2009 2010: TIME TO GET TO WORK

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in this presentation… THE SCIENCE OF 350 WHAT HAPPENED IN 2009 2010: TIME TO GET TO WORK

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What do we know about climate change?

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THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT 1. CO2 and other greenhouse gases trap heat from the sun in our atmosphere.

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Before the Industrial Revolution, for thousands of years, the amount of carbon in the atmosphere was at 287ppm

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Now, after three centuries of burning coal, oil, and gas, we're at 390ppm – that’s above any levels we’ve seen in recorded history.

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2. We also know that CO2 influences global temperature CO2 in PPM GLOBAL TEMPERATURE Years ago Parts per Million CO2 TODAY: 390ppm 550ppm? More? EARLY 1900S LAST ICE AGE Where we’ll be mid-century if we keep this up look how the temperature line follows CO2 concentrations throughout history

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3. And now we’re seeing the results - we can see that measurable, recorded impacts are happening now all around us. Chapare, Bolivia

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GLACIERS ARE MELTING

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MUIR & RIGGS GLACIER 1941

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MUIR & RIGGS GLACIER 2004

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PEDERSEN GLACIER, AK 1920

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PEDERSEN GLACIER, AK 2005

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SEA LEVELS ARE RISING Three Year Average Satellite Altimetry Year Sea Level Change (cm)

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OCEANS ARE ACIDIFYING

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Coral reefs are bleaching

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WEATHER IS BECOMING MORE EXTREME

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Australia suffers worst drought in 1,000 years “ ” - Guardian UK, Nov 7, 2008

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U.S. dealing with Katrina’s wrath as death toll soars. “ ” - International Herald Tribune, August 31, 2005

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MAJOR FLOODS PER DECADE number of major floods per decade

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Small islands are sinking or eroding

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“Rapid Warming’ Spreads Havoc in Canada’s Forests. “ ” - Washington Post, March 1, 2006

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Australia fires spark calls for CLIMATE ACTION “ ” - Washington Post, March 1, 2006

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The most startling evidence yet…

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is the MELTING OF THE ARCTIC. New predictions Satellite observations Mean IPCC prediction Most likely change (melt) IPCC range Actual observed melting it has melted nearly 80 YEARS ahead of when scientists predicted YEAR % change in ice cover

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CO2 IN THE ATMOSPHERE WE’RE HERE: 390 WE NEED TO BE HERE: 350 PARTS PER MILLION CO2 YEAR

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How do we know all this?

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The largest research project in history: In 1988, the IPCC was created to “provide the decision-makers and others interested in climate change with an objective source of information about climate change”

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NEW REPORTS EVERY 4 YEARS SCIENTISTS

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WON THE NOBEL PRIZE IN 2007 WITH AL GORE

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We’ve warmed our planet more than 1 degree F/ .07 degrees C and are already observing major impacts and changes in our climate.

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Do we really want to see what happens if we keep going? We will face increasingly severe impacts like…

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the disappearance of SMALL ISLANDS

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severely impacted LOCAL ECONOMIES

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The most comprehensive review ever carried out on the economics of climate change warns that global warming could inflict worldwide disruption as great as that caused by the two World Wars and the Great Depression. “ ” - Environmental News Service STERN REVIEW, 2006

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The world has never faced such a predictably massive threat to food production as that posed by the melting mountain glaciers of Asia “ ” - Lester Brown, Earth Policy Institute, Author of Plan B THE DISRUPTION OF FOOD PRODUCTION

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Climate change could force 1 BILLION from their homes by 2050. “ ” - April 30, 2008, The Independent. A HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS AND INSTABILITY

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THAT’S WHY WE HAVE TO ACT NOW.

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“If humanity wishes to preserve a planet similar to that on which civilization developed and to which life on Earth is adapted, paleoclimate evidence and ongoing climate change suggest that CO2 will need to be reduced from its current 387ppm to at most 350ppm.” - NASA climatologist Dr. James E. Hansen, 2008

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so how do we get back to 350ppm and avoid climate catastrophe?

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IT’S DIFFICULT BUT NOT IMPOSSIBLE IF WE START NOW.

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IT MEANS PUTTING UP WIND TURBINES INSTEAD OF COAL PLANTS

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IT MEANS PLANTING TREES INSTEAD OF CLEAR-CUTTING RAINFORESTS

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AND IMPLEMENTING A THOUSAND DIFFERENT SOLUTIONS

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that can create new jobs

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And make our communities HEALTHIER

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PARTS PER MILLION CO2 YEAR Phaseout of coal by 2030 Improved forestry and soil Reduced oil/gas use GETTING TO 350 *Graph from Dr. James Hansen’s paper on 350ppm. See sources.

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According to Jim Hansen and other scientists the main things we need to do right away are: Stop coal use by 2030 Improve agricultural and forestry practices Dramatically reduce the use of all other fossil fuels If we manage to accomplish these things, we could get back to 350ppm by mid-century

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57 57 BY TAKING ACTION, WE CAN CALL ON OUR LEADERS TO MAKE THESE CHANGES

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AND PROVIDE AN EXAMPLE OF HOW OUR COMMUNITIES COULD BE IN A WORLD AT 350PPM

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in this presentation… THE SCIENCE OF 350 WHAT HAPPENED IN 2009 2010: TIME TO GET TO WORK

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in 2009, the 350 movement started with a team of young people from around the world…

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[INSERT YOUR OWN 350 ACTION PHOTO!] …and spread to more than 400 partner organizations…

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24/10/2009 International Day of Climate Action 5200 events 181 countries “The most widespread day of political action in the planet’s history.” – Foreign Policy Magazine, CNN

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Wellington, New Zealand

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Sydney, Australia

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Bangladesh

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Cebu City, Philippines

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Nepal

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Maracaibo, Venezuela

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Tahiti

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Australia

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Koprivnica, Croatia

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Tema, Ghana

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Hyderbad, India

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Egypt

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Boston

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China

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Kazakhstan

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Mexico City

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Washington, D.C.

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Times Square, USA

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Mt. Vinson, Antarctica

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Abu Dhabi, UAE

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Babylon, Iraq

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Dead Sea

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on front pages around the world…

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*Click on the box to play a video from 24 October, 2009

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How did all of this happen? Creativity and Art

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How did all of this happen? New Ways to Communicate

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How did all of this happen? New Ways to Communicate

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How did all of this happen? Having Fun

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This huge show of public action happened just 6 weeks before World leaders gathered to create a new climate treaty in Copenhagen.

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UNFCCC, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was created at the Rio Earth Summit COPENHAGEN RIO

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KYOTO PROTOCOL 1997 Ratified Treaty Didn’t Ratify Signed, Ratification Pending No Position

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Each year there is a two-week Conference of the Parties (COP) to discuss the terms of the Kyoto Treaty COP 12 Montreal, Canada 2005

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DECEMBER 2009 2009’s COP in Copenhagen was important. The Kyoto Protocol’s first term ends in 2012, and governments were supposed to agree to new terms for a treaty in Copenhagen.

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we learned a few things in Copenhagen…

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…there is an enormous citizen’s movement from around the world…

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…that included tens of thousands inside the conference center, hundreds of thousands outside,…

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…and hundreds of thousands more taking action in solidarity around the world.

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There are real government champions too, like President Nasheed of the Maldives.

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In fact, 117 of the most vulnerable island and African nations were supporting 350ppm, saying it is 'necessary for their survival’,

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…yet they were not the 117 that have the power. The biggest, most powerful emitters were not ready to really take action.

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At the end of the conference, despite a lot of pressure, the rich countries refused to commit to what scientific findings indicate is necessary… so what next?

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in this presentation… THE SCIENCE OF 350 WHAT HAPPENED IN 2009 2010: TIME TO GET TO WORK

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We know now we can’t wait for our leaders to act...

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so 2010 is the year we get to work… and demand our leaders do the same.

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Getting to 350ppm will be a marathon, but we have to start with a sprint…

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Working with the 10:10 campaign, we’ll work to cut emissions 10% in 2010…

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…culminating in a Global Work Party on 10/10/10

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THOUSANDS OF COMMUNITIES AROUND THE WORLD

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WILL INSTALL SOLAR PANELS

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BUILD NEW COMMUNITY GARDENS

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PLANT TREES IN DEFORESTED AREAS

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CLEAN UP THEIR COMMUNITIES

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117 117 CLEAN UP THEIR COMMUNITIES

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118 118 OPEN A RECYCLING CENTER

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119 119 CREATE PUBLIC SIGNS

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120 120 EDUCATE YOUR COMMUNITY

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121 121 ADVERTISE ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORTATION

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122 122 HOLD A BICYCLE WORKSHOP

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Time to get started! Step 1: Get your friends and neighbors together

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Step 2: Choose your project

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10/10/10: sign up today: www.350.org/oct10 and get ready to get to work! Step 3: Register your event! And visit 350.org for more resources… www.350.org/oct10

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Insert your contact info here LOCAL GLOBAL

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Sources A Safe Operating Space for Humanity. Nature 461, 472-475 (24 September 2009) | doi:10.1038/461472a; Published online 23 September 2009 Hansen, James, et al. Target Atmospheric CO2: Where Should Humanity Aim? Submitted April 7, 2008. NASA climate scientist James Hansen's paper about the 350ppm target. Hansen, James, et al. Target Atmospheric CO2: Supporting Material. Submitted April 7, 2008. The IPCC 4th Assessment Report – link to the latest report by the Nobel-prize winning United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, supported by the world's leading climatologists. Baer, Paul, Tom Athanasiou and Sivan Kartha. "The Right to Develop in a Climate Constrained World: The Greenhouse Development Rights Framework" - an important policy framework for how to mitigate climate change while ensuring an equitable path to development for the Global South. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change - link to the official UNFCCC website with information about the UN climate policy process. NASA - scientific reports, interactive maps, resources for kids, and more RealClimate.org - a blog of climate science, written by climate scientists Climate Safety - a very useful new report about current climate science, policy, and solutions Pew Center on Climate Change - helpful information about climate science and international policy

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