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Nevada HMMWV Driver’s Training Course 1

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2 Administrative notes: q   Agenda: Sign in Course schedule/hand-outs (powerpoints) Written examination Practical examination (driving test) End of course critique

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3 Standard: Discuss NDOC Regulations, Local Laws, and Procedures Introduction: q       This lesson is designed to teach you, the NDOC driver, with the proper techniques to be applied to ensure mission accomplishment you will receive 2 hours of classroom and hands-on instruction covering various aspects of driving responsibly.

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4 Individual Responsibilities Driver/Operator must Comply with all laws/regulations (State and municipal), operate vehicles in a safe/prudent manner, report unsafe operating conditions and all accidents to their supervisor/maintenance that dispatched the equipment. Ensure cargo is properly loaded, secured and protected from the elements for transport, vehicles are serviced, seat belts are worn and ground guides are used.

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5 RULES OF THE ROAD Even on a brief trip, you may be faced with many dangerous driving conditions. Statistics show that one- half of all accidents occur within 25 miles of home. Try to be a defensive driver. Know the traffic rules and be willing to yield to other drivers to avoid an accident. Know how to change your driving behavior to the different types of hazardous conditions that exist. Try to remain proactive instead of reactive.

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6 SPEED REGULATIONS The maximum speeds, unless posted are: 1. 20 mph in school zones. 2. 25 mph on streets of cities and towns. 3. 50 mph on country roads. 4. 55 mph on state highways. 5. 60 mph for trucks over 10,000 GVWR on the interstate. 6. 70 mph for passenger vehicles on designated portions of the interstate.

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7 SPEED REGULATIONS The maximum speeds, 10 mph in parking lots. 20 mph in school zones. 20 mph in hospital zones. 20 mph in housing areas. 25 mph in all other areas.

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8 SPEED REGULATIONS A special condition exists on a two-lane road when passing is unsafe. When 5 or more vehicles form a line behind a slow moving vehicle, the slower driver must allow vehicles to pass by turning off the roadway and stopping in a safe place.

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9 SPEED REGULATIONS On highways and roads with only one lane of traffic in each direction, you may exceed the legal speed limit to pass a vehicle traveling slower than the speed limit. This is allowed only at such a speed and for such a distance as is necessary to complete the pass.

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10 CHANGING LANES When changing lanes, preparing to pass another vehicle, or entering traffic, check for passing traffic by first using your mirrors. Once the mirrors reveal safe conditions for a lane change, check your vehicle’s blind spot by looking over your shoulder toward the rear. Use your turn signal to let other drivers know which lane you are entering.

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11 PASSING VEHICLES When overtaking and passing another vehicle traveling in the same direction on a two-lane road, you should only pass to the left. Once you have passed the vehicle, do not return to the right side of the road until safely clear of the other vehicle. Passing must be completed before you are within 200 feet of any approaching vehicle. Remember to use your turn signal when changing lanes each time.

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12 PASSING VEHICLES You may pass a vehicle on the right when: 1. The vehicle you are passing is making or about to make a left turn. 2. The road is unobstructed and is wide enough for two or more lanes of vehicles moving in your direction.

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13 PASSING VEHICLES On a two-lane, two-way road, DO NOT PASS another vehicle when: Your view of oncoming traffic is blocked because you are near the top of a hill. 2. You are within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad crossing. 3. Your view is blocked approaching within 100 feet of a bridge or tunnel. 4. A no passing zone is indicated.

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14 FOLLOWING ANOTHER VEHICLE Following another vehicle too close causes many accidents. Always allow enough room to safely stop in an emergency. The distance between vehicles should be increased as you increase speed. To judge the correct following distance use the Four-second rule. This is the minimum following distance. The distance will increase, depending on the road conditions, road surface, and type of vehicle your driving.

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15 QUESTION: Statistics show that one-half of all accidents occur within _____ miles of home. a. 15. b. 20. c. 25. d. 30.

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16 QUESTION: Unless otherwise posted, what is the maximum speed limit in a school zone? a. 10 mph. b. 15 mph. c. 20 mph. d. 25 mph.

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17 QUESTION: Do not pass within _____ feet of a hill top, rail road crossing, or tunnel. a. 50. b. 100. c. 150. d. 200.

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18 QUESTION: What is the minimum following distance in your POV? a. 1 second. b. 2 seconds. c. 3 seconds. d. 4 seconds.

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19 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY There will be many times when you will need to yield or slow down so another vehicle can proceed safely. Yield means that you must slow or, if necessary, stop your vehicle to allow another vehicle or pedestrians to continue safely. When making a left turn, you must yield to any oncoming vehicle which is within the intersection or so close as to be a hazard.

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20 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY On all roadways you must yield to a transit vehicle (bus) that has signaled and is reentering the flow of traffic. When approaching an intersection that is not controlled by traffic lights or signs, you must yield to any vehicle in or approaching the intersection at the same time from your right.

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21 YIELDING RIGHT-OF-WAY You must yield the right-of-way to any emergency vehicle if it is sounding a siren or bell or displaying an emergency light. Every vehicle must move to the right side of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle passes. Do not follow or stop within 500 feet of an emergency vehicle.

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22 PEDESTRIAN RIGHT-OF-WAY Pedestrians are those people standing, walking, or using a wheelchair on public streets, highways and private property. They have the right-of-way at crosswalks and intersections whether the cross -walks are marked or not. As a pedestrian, you should avoid walking on the traveled portion of a roadway.

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23 SPECIAL SIGNAL LIGHT q    Ramp meters: during congested or peak traffic periods, you may be required to stop at a ramp meter when entering or exiting a freeway. The signal indicates the number of cars allowed to proceed with each green light. Special lanes may allow buses and carpools to drive by without stopping.

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1.  Steady Red “X” means you must not use the lane. 2.  Steady Yellow “X” means you should safely move out of the lane as soon as possible because traffic moving in the opposite direction may soon occupy the lane. 3.  Steady Green “down arrow” means you can drive in that lane. 24 LANE USE CONTROL SIGNAL

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25 FREEWAY DRIVING When entering a freeway increase your speed to match that of the freeway traffic. This allows you to enter the traffic flow safely. You must yield to the vehicles on the freeway. Unnecessary stopping on freeway on-ramps causes many rear- end collisions and prevents an even flow of traffic.

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26 FREEWAY DRIVING To exit the freeway, signal and check your blind spots and mirrors before changing lanes. Move into the lane nearest the off-ramp. Pull onto the ramp before slowing down to the posted exit speed. When no exit lane is provided, slow down before entering the off-ramp. Do not suddenly cross lanes to reach the off-ramp.

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27 QUESTION: What does a steady yellow “X” control signal indicate? a. Slow down and proceed with caution. b. Safely move out of the lane because traffic moving in the opposite direction will soon occupy the lane. c. Car-pooling lane only. d. Bus lane only.

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28 QUESTION: Vehicles on the freeway must yield to vehicles coming onto the freeway. a. True. b. False.

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29 HEADLIGHTS By law, your vehicle’s lights must be turned on from a half hour after sunset until a half hour before sunrise and at any time you can’t see clearly without them. “Military vehicle” (HMMWV) lights are required on at all times. The Horn, brake lights and blinkers will not be operable unless the lights are on. Lights must be in “service drive/stop” light position!

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30 ROADWAY WORK ZONES Under Nevada law, fines for speeding are doubled in work zones. Persons who drive negligently in work zones or who remove, evade or purposely strike safety devices may be found guilty of endangerment of roadway workers, which is punishable as a gross misdemeanor and a license suspension of 60 days.

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31 QUESTION: Vehicle headlights must be on _____ minutes after sunset, up to _____ minutes prior to sunrise, and at any time when visibility is poor. a. 15/15. b. 30/30. c. 45/45. d. 60/60.

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32 QUESTION: What must you do if driving a vehicle and approaching a school bus with alternating flashing red lights while on a two-lane road? a. Proceed with caution. b. Nothing, there is no law in Nevada that requires you to take any action. c. Stop. d. Proceed with caution if school bus is only loading/unloading students from the right- hand side of the bus.

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SEATBELT LAW 1. Nevada State law requires seat belts to be worn at all times for all occupants. 33

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34 VEHICLE EQUIPMENT 2. Windshields and windows must have a clear view to the front, rear, and both sides. It is illegal to drive a vehicle with a windshield that is discolored or obstructed to such an extent that it may obscure vision.

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35 VEHICLE EQUIPMENT 3. Watching TV or listening to music with earphones, while driving is prohibited by Nevada State Law.

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36 QUESTION: Drivers may not use headphones or earphones while operating a “military vehicle” (HMMWV) or privately owned vehicle in the state of Nevada. a. True. b. False.

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37 Check the oil Operations Located on the Driver’s side

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Check the transmission fluid. Operations Located on the passenger side behind coolant reservoir 38

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39 Ensure the HMMWV is in Park position Operations Or Neutral

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40 Turn the key one click to the “RUN” position, to engage glow plugs WAIT light will turn on. Operations DO NOT START until the WAIT light has turned off

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41 Oil pressure 40-90 psi Gauges TEMP 160-190 Degrees Battery operates in green

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42 Speedometer Gauges Tachometer; HMMWV make the most torque at a mid-rpm range (NOT IN ALL HMMWV’s)

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B.O. Drive- use for NVG’s only B.O. Marker- use for NVG’s only STOP LIGHT- Marker lights on (all lights except Head lights) SER. DRIVE- All lights on OFF- All lights off To turn any of the lights on you must push and hold the UNLOCK lever. To adjust the brightness of the panel use the bottom left switch. Up is brighter, down is dimmer Lights 43

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Horn, Tail lights and blinkers will not operate unless lights are in STOP LIGHT or SER. LIGHT position. Emergency Hazard lights should only be used when the vehicle is at a stop because it WILL OVERIDE the brake lights. Facts about HMMWV Lights you should know 44

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45 High Beam Switch

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46 Parking Brake To release push button on back of handle and push forward HMMWV Brake system The brake warning lamp illuminates when the parking break is applied

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ICE/SNOW When the Transfer case lever is pushed all the way forward to the H/L the vehicle is in 4 wheel drive. This is used when continuous wheel slippage is evident or for extra traction when driving in snow or ice. Snow chains are also recommended for these road conditions. Transfer Case Lever 47

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When you are driving the HMMWV on dry paved roads, the transfer case shift lever should be in “H” range ONLY! Any other range on dry paved roads will damage the drive train. Transfer Case Lever 48 Transfer Case Lever

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When the HMMWV transfer case lever is in the “N” range the vehicle will not move. This range is used when towing the vehicle. Transfer Case Lever 49

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If the HMMWV is stuck in deep mud or snow, place the transfer case lever in the “L” position. The HMMWV is equipped with Torque biasing differentials, when in “L” position the wheels must be able to slip or it will damage the drive train. Transfer Case Lever 50

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“P” is for Park the transmission like a normal vehicle will be locked. “R” is for Reverse “N” is for Neutral Circle “D” is overdrive D is Drive 2 is second gear (also engages engine break) 1 is first gear Transmission Lever 51

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As a general rule when driving the HMMWV cross-country, you should not use the vehicle brakes. Placing the Transmission lever in “2” will allow you to slow by letting off the accelerator. This DOES NOT mean you do not apply the brakes if needed. Transmission Lever 52

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Use the transmission selection “2” for hill climbing and for engine braking when descending steep hills. Transmission Lever 53

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Located near the drivers right leg. The throttle lock is used to increase engine speed-During cold weather starting or winch operation. It is NOT used for cruise control. Throttle lock and control… 54

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When you ford the HMMWV, the vehicle speed is 5 MPH or less. A HMMWV can safely ford water up to 30 inches deep without using a “fording kit” Fording Water 55

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After fording your HMMWV or driving in wet weather you will need to properly dry your brakes. Continue to drive at a slow speed with enough pressure on the brake pedal to cause a slight drag on the brakes until uneven braking ceases. This is referred to as “Brake Modulation” Drying your brakes…. 56

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If your vehicle starts to skid simply let off the accelerator pedal and steer in the direction of the skid. If the vehicle starts to slide while climbing a hill, your first reaction is to let up on the accelerator. Your driving it. You control it. 57

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After operating the HMMWV in mud you should clean the air cleaner dump valve. MUD… 58

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Does not need to be serviced when in yellow Air Restriction gauge / Slave receptacle Slave receptacle. Under passenger seat. Used to jump start HMMWV. 59

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Unless otherwise posted on the vehicle the HMMWV requires Diesel ONLY!!! -FUEL- 60

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Remove strap Air conditioning Lift up to remove door 61

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62 WARNING     YOU HAVE ALL HEARD IT BEFORE   DON’T DRINK AND DRIVE BUZZED DRIVING IS DRUNK DRIVING NEVER TEXT AND DRIVE! DRIVE SAFE, BE SAFE!

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Written exam Practical test Questions? 63      

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64 THE END

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