unit 7 grammar inversion

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Slide 1

unit 19 – grammar-inversion inversion or fronting

Slide 2

We use inversion when we don’t want to begin a sentence with the subject. There are various ways we can move other information to the beginning of the clause. He had rarely seen such a beautiful moon. Rarely had he seen such a beautiful moon.

Slide 3

She didn’t realise what would happen to her next. Little did she realise what what would happen to her next.

Slide 4

She didn’t realise what would happen to her next. Little did she realise what would happen to her next. In formal and literary language in particular, we use negative adverbials at the beginning of a clause. The subject and the verb are inverted. We change the order of the subject and (auxiliary) verb exactly as we do in questions.

Slide 5

This was the first time the race had been won by a woman. Never before had the race been won by a woman.

Slide 6

The existence of extraterrestrial life is not confirmed by the report. In no way is extraterrestrial life confirmed by the report.

Slide 7

Scarcely had the plane taken off when smoke began to appear The plane had only just taken off when smoke began to appear. Hardly had the plane taken off when smoke began to appear.

Slide 8

Scarcely had the plane taken off when smoke began to appear He made no sound as he came down the chimney. Not a sound did he make as he came down the chimney.

Slide 9

Scarcely had the plane taken off when smoke began to appear My mother started asking me questions as soon as I had stepped through the door. No sooner had I stepped through the door than my mother started asking me questions.

Slide 10

Scarcely had the plane taken off when smoke began to appear It is unusual for the interior of the island to be visited by tourists Seldom is the interior of the island visited by tourists.

Slide 11

Negative and limiting adverbials never; nowhere; nothing; not often; not for nothing; not once; no way; never once; on no account; no sooner; little; under no circumstance; not only...but also; not until; at no time; not a single word; hardly; seldom;rarely; barely; hardly ever; scarcely ever; only now; only occasionally; only once; only rarely; only by chance; only after

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