Max C. Lev Vygotsky presentation

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Vygotsky was born in 1896 in Orsha, which was a city in the western region of the Russian Empire but now is part of Belarus. Graduated from Moscow State University in 1917 with a degree in law. However, he studied many other things such as sociology, linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. In 1924 his work in psychology started as he attended the Institute of Psychology in Moscow, Russia.

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In 1925, while attending the Institute of Psychology, Vygotsky had a relapse of tuberculosis. This disease which is caused by bacteria, has great affects on the lungs, but can also affect the brain, kidneys and spine. Vygotsky was ill with this disease for a year so he was rewarded his degree from the Institute of Psychology. This illness was eventually what led to Vygotsky’s early death at the age of 37.

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Vygotsky’s work centers around the idea of social interaction. He believed that cognition can only develop with the presence of culture and the social world. He placed much focus on children and learning and how children learn through their social interactions. He published six books on psychology and contributed some major theories including, the Zone of Proximal Development, More Knowledgeable Other, also known as the (MKO), sociocultural Theory, and Guided Participation.

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Contrary to the famous Psychologist Jean Piaget, Vygotsky believed that social learning comes before development. He believed that children experience cultural development in two stages, quote. Vygotsky uses social interactions as a way of learning for children. That children are taught things about culture and other aspects of live through interactions. These social interaction in result lead to higher cognitive abilities in the children. Additionally, Vygotsky placed much emphasis on culture and how different culture can affect development.

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A major part of Lev Vygotskys Sociocultural Theory is the Zone of Proximal Development. The ZPD is a theory that aims to asses how effective guided learning from teachers or tutors can be. Vygotsky believed that every child has different cognitive abilities and that to reach their full potential their Zone of Proximal Development needs to be known. Vygotsky defined the ZPD as,. In other words the difference between what a child can do on their own and what a child can do with help. Knowing the ZPD would allow for children to reach their maximum cognitive potentials in learning according to Vygotsky.

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Vygotsky’s More Knowledgeable Other, commonly known as the MKO, is a pretty simple idea. It refers to anyone who is thought to be smarter or more skilled than the person learning. In school, a teacher or a tutor would be a prime example of the MKO. However, the MKO can be anyone who has higher abilities that the learner such as peers. Children are able to learn through the MKO through observing, imitating and or guided instructions. The MKO could also be the computer or the internet for example.

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Although Vygotsky had some great contributions to psychology, he never received as much credit or popularity as other figures such as Piaget or Freud. Part of this is because of his early death at the age of 37, and part of it was because of the Communist party criticizing his ideas. None of his work was accessible in the West until it was finally translated in 1962. This allowed for his work to to finally start becoming popular and useful in the West in the late 1970s. Vygotsky was a major contributor to developmental and educational psychology, and continues to impact even after his death.

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Lev Vygotsky By Max Coatta

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Early Life November 17, 1896- June 11, 1934 Orsha, Russia Degree in law 1924 Institute of Psychology

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Tuberculosis 1925 completed dissertation on the psychology of art Died at age 37

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Major Works Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development Zone of Proximal Development More Knowledgeable Other

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Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Development “Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people and then inside the child” – Lev Vygotsky

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Zone of Proximal Development Zone of Proximal Development, “the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers” – Lev Vygotsky

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More Knowledgeable Other Tutors, teachers, parents Peers, classmates Technology

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After Vygotsky Work first translated 1962 Developmental and educational psychology

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Works Cited Cherry, K. ( 2017). Lev Vygotsky Psychologist Biography. Verywellmind.Retrieved from https://www.verywellmind.com/lev-vygotsky-biography-2795533 Mcleod, S. (2014). Lev Vygotsky. SimplyPsychology. Retrieved from https://www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html Culatta, R. (2011). Zone of Proximal Development. Innovative Learning. Retrieved from http://www.innovativelearning.com/educational_psychology/development/zone-of-proximal-development.html David L, "Social Development Theory (Vygotsky)," in Learning Theories, July 23, 2014, https://www.learning-theories.com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html.

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