Erik Erickson

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Impact of external factors, parents and society on personality development

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1. First or second year of life, mother and father’s nurturing abilities effect the child creating optimism, trust, and confidence. 2. Learning skills of right from wrong, then tend to be vulnerable which makes them feel shameful 3. We have the desire to copy our adults and play through imagination, then start to ask why, struggle with role identification 4. Creating and accomplishing numerous skills and knowledge, unresolved feelings lead to the feeling of inferiority 5. Finding and discovering oneself, struggling with fitting in 6. Seeking companionship, if that fails they seek out isolation 7. Attempting to produce something that makes a difference, major shifts may occur and some may struggle with finding a purpose 8. Looking back at life with fulfillment or looking back at their experiences as failures

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Erik Erickson Psych 409

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Erik Erickson 1902-1994 Moved to Florence to pursue art Became an art teacher Embarked on psychoanalytic training at Vienna Psychoanalytic Institute. 1936- Human Relations at Yale University http://www.ericberne.com/erik-erikson-biography/ https://www.erikson.edu/about/history/erik-erikson/

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What did he do? German psychoanalyst Psychoanalytic theory of development Proposed you have to go through eight stages of development through your lifespan Because of these stages, he believed life was discontinuous https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html https://archive.cnx.org/contents/fb83c68a-2bc6-4a0a-ba0f-b79ceb75594b@5/what-is-lifespan-development

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Stages of Development Infancy (birth-18 months) Basic trust vs. Mistrust Toddler (18 months – 3 years) Autonomy vs. Shame Preschooler (3-5 years) Initiative vs. Guilt School Age (6-12 years) Industry vs. Inferiority Adolescent (12-18 years) Identity vs. Role Confusion Young Adult (18-35 years) Intimacy and Solidarity vs. Isolation Middle-Aged Adult (35-55 years) Generativity vs. Self absorption or stagnation Late Adulthood (55- death) Integrity vs. Despair https://www.simplypsychology.org/Erik-Erikson.html

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