Environmental Problems

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

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WHAT DO YOU MEAN BY ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS? Our environment is constantly changing. There is no denying that. However, as our environment changes, so does the need to become increasingly aware of the problems that surround it. With a massive influx of natural disasters, warming and cooling periods, different types of weather patterns and much more, people need to be aware of what types of environmental problems our planet is facing.

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15 MAJOR CURRENT ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS 1. Pollution 2. Global Warming 3. Overpopulation 4. Natural Resource Depletion 5. Waste Disposal 6. Climate Change 7. Loss of Biodiversity 8. Deforestation 9. Ocean Acidification 10. Ozone Layer Depletion 11. Acid Rain 12. Water Pollution 13. Urban Sprawl 14: Public Health Issues 15. Genetic Engineering

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Pollution of air, water and soil require millions of years to recoup. Industry and motor vehicle exhaust are the number one pollutants. Heavy metals, nitrates and plastic are toxins responsible for pollution. POLLUTION 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Climate changes like global warming is the result of human practices like emission of Greenhouse gases. Global warming leads to rising temperatures of the oceans and the earth’ surface causing melting of polar ice caps. GLOBAL WARMING

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The population of the planet is reaching unsustainable levels as it faces shortage of resources like water, fuel and food. Population explosion in less developed and developing countries is straining the already scarce resources. OVER POPULATION 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS  Natural resource depletion is another crucial current environmental problems. Fossil fuel consumption results in emission of Greenhouse gases, which is responsible for global warming and climate change.  NATURAL RESOURCE DEPLETION

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The over consumption of resources and creation of plastics are creating a global crisis of waste disposal. Developed countries are notorious for producing an excessive amount of waste or garbage and dumping their waste in the oceans and, less developed countries. WASTE DISPOSAL 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Climate change is yet another environmental problem that has surfaced in last couple of decades. It occurs due to rise in global warming which occurs due to increase in temperature of atmosphere by burning of fossil fuels and release of harmful gases by industries. CLIMATE CHANGE

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Human activity is leading to the extinction of species and habitats and and loss of bio-diversity. Eco systems, which took millions of years to perfect, are in danger when any species population is decimating. LOSS OF BIODIVERSITY 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Our forests are natural sinks of carbon dioxide and produce fresh oxygen as well as helps in regulating temperature and rainfall. At present forests cover 30% of the land but every year tree cover is lost amounting to the country of Panama due to growing population demand for more food, shelter and cloth. DEFORESTATION Loss Of Biodiversity

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It is a direct impact of excessive production of CO2. 25% of CO2 produced by humans. The ocean acidity has increased by the last 250 years but by 2100, it may shoot up by 150%. The main impact is on shellfish and plankton in the same way as human osteoporosis. OCEAN ACIDIFICATION 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS The ozone layer is an invisible layer of protection around the planet that protects us from the sun’s harmful rays. Depletion of the crucial Ozone layer of the atmosphere is attributed to pollution caused by Chlorine and Bromide found in Chloro-floro carbons (CFC’s).  OZONE LAYER DEPLETION

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Acid rain occurs due to the presence of certain pollutants in the atmosphere. Acid rain can be caused due to combustion of fossil fuels or erupting volcanoes or rotting vegetation which release sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides into the atmosphere.  ACID RAIN 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS Clean drinking water is becoming a rare commodity. Water is becoming an economic and political issue as the human population fights for this resource. One of the options suggested is using the process of desalinisation.  WATER POLLUTION

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Urban sprawl refers to migration of population from high density urban areas to low density rural areas which results in spreading of city over more and more rural land. Urban sprawl results in land degradation, increased traffic, environmental issues and health issues.  URBAN SPRAWL 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS The current environmental problems pose a lot of risk to health of humans, and animals. Dirty water is the biggest health risk of the world and poses threat to the quality of life and public health. Run-off to rivers carries along toxins, chemicals and disease carrying organisms.  PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUES

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Genetic modification of food using biotechnology is called genetic engineering. Genetic modification of food results in increased toxins and diseases as genes from an allergic plant can transfer to target plant. GENETIC ENGINEERING 15 ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS

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Summary: Our environment is constantly changing. There is no denying that. However, as our environment changes, so does the need to become increasingly aware of the problems that surround it. With a massive influx of natural disasters, warming and cooling periods, different types of weather patterns and much more, people need to be aware of what types of environmental problems our planet is facing.

Tags: narendra singh plaha environment nature

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