all you need to know about bariatric surgery

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Bariatric Surgery complete guide

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What’s OBESITY ? Obesity is a condition in which excess body fat collects in the body to an extent that it affects the health adversely, resulting in a variety of health problems. Obesity is a complex and chronic disease with many causes, and not simply a result of overeating. Statistics has shown that genetics often plays a crucial role, particularly if one is morbidly obese. There are several criteria to determine morbid obesity. One criterion is being 50 to 100 percent more than the ideal body weight or being 100 pounds more than the ideal body weight. Another important criterion is the measure of one's Body Mass Index (BMI).

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Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is generally referred to as Weight Loss Surgery. When other fat reduction methods such as diet management and physical exercise are not effective, Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is the best option to lose and manage weight in a planned manner. 'Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery)' is a term used for all types of weight-loss surgeries. Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is indicated in severely obese individuals who did not respond to non-surgical methods of weight loss. Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is a treatment for those who fall in the following categories:-

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Suffering from severe obesity (Class 3 obesity) - Mainly defined by a BMI of more than 40. Class 2 Obesity - Those who are having BMI between 35-40 but having other comorbid diseases like hypertension, diabetics etc Those belonging to class 1 obesity and have been trying to do weight control by conventional methods of dieting, exercise etc with no results and falls in the high-risk category for obesity-related conditions due to hereditary and other factors.

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What are the Causes of Obesity? Medical The increased level of the hormone is responsible for insulin resistance and fat storage which is increasing appetite and causing weight gain. Certain prescription medications cause weight gain by slowing metabolic rate, increasing appetite and water retention in the body. Medical States such as hypothyroidism, PCOS, Cushing's disease and certain rare genetic diseases often lead to obesity.

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Dietary Current generation is more inclined to fast foods, packaged foods and huge proportions which are more often than not because of misleading advertisements. The value of nutrition in daily diet has decreased while the overall intake of calories have increased, thanks to fast and packaged foods. Genetics Genetic factors cause obesity in 70 - 80% of cases. Genetics cause severe obesity, slow metabolisms and some genetic mutations. It has been observed that the food habits are also similar among family members who are playing a good role in obesity.

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Environmental Our environment is not conducive with good food and lifestyle habits because of the dwindling number of walk paths and parks, packed work schedules, oversized portions in restaurants, expensive fresh produce and misleading food advertisements. Physical Low physical activity, excessive TV viewing and long hours on the computer makes a very sedentary lifestyle and leads to weight gain.

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How bariatric surgery can be treated? The main and most common types of Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) procedures are : Gastric Binding Surgery Gastric Sleeve or Sleeve Gastrectomy Gastric Bypass Surgery Biliopancreatic Diversion Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

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Gastric Binding Surgery Gastric Band Surgery is a Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) which is a restrictive procedure. During Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery), the area of the stomach is reduced by placing a rubber inflatable band around the upper part of the stomach creating a small stomach pouch above the band and remaining stomach below the band. Gastric Band Surgery is a minimally invasive Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) and is considered the safest of the procedures.

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Gastric Sleeve or Sleeve Gastrectomy Comparatively a new surgical procedure aimed at weight loss, the Gastric sleeve is a restrictive procedure where the size of the stomach is reduced to approximately 20 % of the original size. The stomach gets full quickly thus reducing the food intake and in turn body weight.

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Gastric bypass surgery Gastric bypass surgery is a surgical procedure which is a combination of both restrictive procedure and mal absorption procedure. Here the stomach is restricted to much smaller size than the original by creating a pouch at the top of the stomach and separating it from the rest of the stomach. At the same time, the small intestine is first divided and reconnected to create a bypass to the full length of the intestine. The food from the new smaller stomach goes into the smaller part only which gets full quickly thus reducing the food intake and passes through the smaller bypass portion of the intestine only thereby reducing the absorption also. This, in turn, reduces the body weight.

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Vertical Banded Gastroplasty The vertical banded gastroplasty or VBG is a restrictive gastric (stomach) bypass surgery for weight loss surgery. The vertical banded gastroplasty for weight loss, along with the gastric bypass surgery is one of the two major types of operations for the treatment of severe obesity. The goal of this procedure is to severely restrict the patient's capacity to eat certain foods. The general or bariatric surgeon uses sophisticated surgical staples to make a small stomach pouch. This reduces how much food the stomach can hold. When the amount of food the stomach can hold is reduced, an obese person feels full sooner. But at the same time, the stomach digests nutrients and calories in a normal anatomical way. This is another common way to reduce how much food the stomach can hold. Vertical banded gastroplasty has an advantage by limiting only the amount of the food meal, and not affecting the absorption process involved in digestion.

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Is Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) Right for you? A Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is good for individuals who are obese or morbidly obese. Most have tried to slim down with diets and/or exercise, but have failed. Doctors take a close look at the whole person when determining if the person is a good candidate for Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery). If the patient is not ready to do the pre-surgery dietand work, the doctor may not elect to go ahead with the procedure. Typically, to qualify for Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) you must be 'morbidly obese', which usually means being overweight by 100 pounds (man) or 80 pounds (woman) with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 40+. There are other factors the surgeon will consider in determining if Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) is right for you, such as:

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Age - Generally, Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) can be performed on anyone between the ages of 18 and 60. Weight - If your weight is double than your ideal body weight, you may be a candidate for Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery). Medical - There are no medical conditions responsible for the weight gain such as hormonal imbalances, tumors or other diseases, or those diseases have been treated, or are currently being treated. Commitment - You are bound to change your habits including eating, lifestyle, diet and exercisenot only immediately, but also into the future.

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History - You have a history of trying to lose weight and gaining it back, or you have been obese for at least five years with no success at traditional weight loss methods. Addictions - You have no known or diagnosed addictions to alcohol, drugs or other controlled substances. “ If you meet all of the above requirements, you're probably a good candidate for Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) ”

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Best Hospitals for bariatric Surgery Some of the best hospitals available for Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) are: Apollo Hospital Southern Region, Chennai Akshaya Apollo Hospital Limited, Ahmedabad Fortis Hospitals - Anandpur, Kolkata Columbia Asia Referral Hospital - Yeshwantpur, Bangalore Columbia Asia - WhiteField, Bangalore Columbia Asia Hospital - Palam Vihar, Gurgaon BLK Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi Medanta - The Medicity, Gurgaon Sarvodaya Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad JAYPEE Hospitals, Noida

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Manipal Hospital, Bangalore Global Hospitals, Hyderabad Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon Beams Hospitals, Amritsar Liven Healthcare, Mumbai Hiranandani Hospital, Maharashtra Asian Bariatrics, Ahmedabad, Gujarat Kokilaben Dhirubhai, Maharashtra Narayana Hrudayalaya, Bangalore Kular Hospital, Ludhiana Saifee Hospital, Mumbai Paras Hospitals, Gurgaon Primus Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi Rockland Hospital, Delhi

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Cost of Bariatric surgery in India Cost of Bariatric Surgery (Weight Loss Surgery) in India ranges from 4 to 7 lakhs. Treatment Cost for Gastric Banding Surgery ranges from 4 to 6 lakhs. Treatment Cost for Gastric Sleeve Surgery ranges from 4 to 6.5 lakhs. Treatment Cost for Gastric Bypass Surgery ranges from 5 to 7 lakhs.

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Summary: these things are included in this presentation : -What’s OBESITY, -Unknown causes of Obesity, -How bariatric surgery can be treated, -Best hospitals for Bariatric surgery -Total cost of Bariatric surgery in India.

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