Online Lecture on PRA

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 1 PRA Application Dr. Hamidul Huq Participatory Rapid Appraisal Participatory Rural Appraisal

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 2 A family of approaches and methods to enable rural people to share, enhance, and analyse their knowledge of life and conditions, to plan and to act (Robert Chambers, 2002).

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 3 PRA is used for: Needs assessment Feasibility studies Identification priorities for dev. Activities Monitoring and evaluation Participatory Research

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 4 PRA Method Focus Group Discussion (FGD) Focus Group discussion is a method being widely applied for qualitative research to gather information from a homogenous group of people. In qualitative research, it is important to assess/understand people’s feeling, attitudes, perceptions, reactions and emotions, for which FGD is suitable.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 5 Is this FGD???

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 6 Is this FGD???

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 7 Focus Group Discussion (FGD) is a social research method to gather qualitative information from a homogenous group to address particular issues. FGD is used to extract people’s sensitivities/feelings, attitudes, perceptions, reactions and emotions about issues, which are untouched in survey method.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 8 Characteristics of FGD: No specific questionnaire but a guideline is used in FGD; No quantitative but qualitative data can be collected through FGD; Homogenous group of people are the participants in FGD; Not large but a small number (10-12) participants; Identified group of people;

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 9 Participants from same characteristics; Facilitation to interaction and discussions among the participants; FGD is a semi-structured group discussion; FGD is for collecting data related to specific objectives; It is the method of discussion not interview.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 10 Steps in FGD Researcher is to frame the objectives specifically Prepare guidelines Identify the participants Prepare materials Select a suitable venue Plan facilitation process Data processing.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 11 PRA Tools Social mapping: mapping of social situation of a village – habitation pattern, institutions, socio-economic characteristics, e.g., literacy, land-holding, livestock-holding, occupation, health status of the families. Purpose: - help the villagers understand social (geographically) arrangement in the village. - it serves as baseline data on socio-economic conditions

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 15 Resource mapping A map to depict resources of the entire village area; mostly natural resources Purpose To show different resources in the village related to livelihoods. To list all the resources and visualise them. To understand the uses and importance. To serve as a basis for the transect walk.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 19 Transect walk: A walk by the facilitators along with few villagers around the area on a predetermined path that representatively covers all types of resources of the village. This walk is to look at and physically judge the state of resources. The team focuses on soil, water, forest, and agriculture.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 20 Purpose of Transect walk : to increase understanding of the community about various natural resources available in and around the village. To create awareness about local resources and their use in livelihoods. To initiate discussion about resources.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 21 Timeline This tool is used to trace history of the village area. It is usually an oral exercise, recalling important events/incidents, time gaps. Purpose To get an overview of the history of the village. To initiate thinking process in the villagers. It can act as a guide to identify and analyse social and natural changes in the village.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 22 Seasonality Analysis This tool is used to list and analyze villagers’ work in different seasons, e.g., crop production, temporary migration, etc. Purpose: This tool is used to know/understand the variations in terms of livelihoods, resource availability, social issues, etc.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 23 Institutional Mapping This tool is also known as Venn Diagram. Using this tool with the villagers, the researcher can depict the institutions and their interrelations in and around the village. It shows degree of importance, linkages and intensity of linkage. Purpose: This tool is used to develop an understanding about different institutions.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 24 Event analysis is one of the tools of participatory research. Often it is called ‘significant event analysis (SEA)’. SEA is a way of sharing stories in a systematic way for service improvement Event Analysis

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 25 SEA is mainly used as an approach to self-evaluation with staff and can be adapted for work with service users. Principles: Inclusive/involving the whole team Holding regular meetings to discuss events Focus on system improvement rather than the individual.

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PRA Application/Dr. Hamidul Huq 26 Approaches: Using stories Using comments, compliments and feedback Qualitative in-depth interviews

Summary: Sociology

Tags: sociology pra

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