spanking and income powerpoint


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Slide 1

The Effects of Income and Race on Tendency to Favor Spanking as a Means of Discipline for Children by Alexander C. Dukes Sowk 300: Computer Applications, 01, Fall 2010 Exercise #5

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Values and Variables Variables Name Values $24,999 or less $25,000 to $39,000 Independent Variable Family Income $40,000 to $59,000 $60,000 or more Strongly Agree Agree Dependent Variable Attitude on Spanking Disagree Strongly Disagree Control Variable Race Black White

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Hypotheses and Rationale Bivariate The amount of income a particular family receives does not tend to have a great effect on the family's attitude toward the spanking of children as a form of discipline. Although it seems there may be a slight decrease in the number of respondents selecting the choice “Strongly Agree” or “Agree” as income rises, the difference is only slight and seems to be subject to the ebbs and flows of statistical analysis.

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Hypotheses and Rationale Multivariate When controlling for race, a greater amount of support of spanking is shown for blacks than whites. At every income level, there is a marked increase in the number of respondents favoring spanking when comparing whites to blacks. Black respondents more often than whites seem to think that there is a benefit to spanking their children.

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Findings: Bivariate Table

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Findings: Multivariate Table

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Bivariate Graph and Discussion This graph show that the data retrieved on a whole from the survey does not show a drastic change in the attitudes of respondents when sorted by their income level. There is a slight decrease in the preference for spanking, however it is not a drastic change in my estimation. The reason for this change may be a higher level of educational attainment in higher income respondents, leading those respondents to search out solutions for dicipline outside of spanking.

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Multivariate Graph and Discussion (white) When controlling for white respondents only, there appears to be a slightly lower preference for spanking presented by respondents. Since the vast majority of respondents were of the white control group, there was not much change in the positioning of the graph, although the “Strongly Agree” line ticked down slightly and the “Agree” line ticked up slightly. Both of the lines of the “disagree” persuasion ticked up slightly. This shows that the black respondents that will be featured in the next graph had an effect on the overall results that caused a rise in data in favor of spanking.

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Multivariate Graph and Discussion (black) The results for black respondents is difficult to draw precise conclusions from because there were so few black respondents, however, it is clear that the African American population tends to have a much more favorable view of spanking than whites. In this graph, the lines of the “agree” persuasion are much higher in almost all cases. This shows a clear preference for the corporal punishment of children, irrespective of income level.

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Conclusion My conclusion is that within the white community, the population's attitude toward spanking is based somewhat on the income level of the person asked. It seemed that the wealthier the respondent, they were slightly less likely to have an as positive attitude toward spanking than their less wealth counterparts. In the African American community it is clear that there is simply just an across the board preference for spanking, and the income level seems to have little effect on this preference (although the sample population was so low it should be worthy to do another study on simply African Americans). For some reason, black people tend to have a more positive attitude toward spanking than whites.

Summary: For my Sowk 300 class