BGS 2008 Good Slides - Faculty Autonomy and Retention

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Slide 1

Faculty Autonomy & Retention Done By: Foong Chi Hou Yu Jierong Victor Tan Jin Yuan Steven Rusli Yao Xiaohui (Sylvia)

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Agenda Introduction Background Hypotheses Data Implications Limitations Conclusion

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Topic Autonomy is the most important structural factor among 3 other factors: communication openness, distributive justice and lack of role conflict in affecting SMU professors’ intent to stay.

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Introduction

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Retention

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Effects of Turnover - Barry M. Staw

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Retention

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Definition of Communication Openness Degree to which information is transmitted among the members of an organization (Price, 1997, p. 349)

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Definition of Distributive Justice Perceived fairness Amounts of compensation employees receive (Folger & Konovsky, 1989, p. 115)

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Definition of Role Conflict Degree of incongruity or incompatibility of expectations communicated, To a particular role incumbent by his or her role sender (Kahn,Wolfe, Quinn, & Snoek, 1964)

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Hypothesis Autonomy is the most important structural factor among 3 other factors: communication openness, distributive justice and lack of role conflict in affecting SMU professors’ intent to stay.

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Why Autonomy? Three types of variables: Psychological Environmental Structural Research has been done in the US that autonomy is the most important structural factor.

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Methodology (Survey 1) Purpose: Assess the current situation in SMU Find correlation between the factors and intent to stay Sample size: 30

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Results: Survey 1 Results:

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Methodology (Survey 2) Purpose: Faculty perception of factors affecting intent to stay. Determine relative importance of autonomy to another factor. Sample size = 30

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Survey 2 1. Do you think that autonomy is more important than lack of role conflicts in affecting your intent to stay in SMU?

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Survey 2 2.Do you think that autonomy is more important than distributive justice in affecting your intent to stay in SMU?

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Survey 2 3. Do you think that autonomy is more important than communication openness in affecting your intent to stay in SMU?

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4. Do you think that autonomy is the most important factor among than lack of role conflict, distributive justice, communication openness, in affecting your intent to stay in SMU?

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5. RANK the following factors in order of the relative importance to you in affecting your intent to stay.  

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Relative importance of factors Mean Value Index ∑ individual points sample size. =

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Autonomy is NOT the most important factor influencing faculty intent to stay. Distributive justice is.

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Implications “Managers can better deal with such issues by setting goals that are agreed upon, increasing transparency in the evaluation process, and by explaining the merit-based decisions to employees.” - Dr Gary Greguras, Ph.D., Organizational Psychology Associate Professor of Organizational Behavior, SMU

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Implications To increase perceptions of distributive justice in SMU.

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Limitations Survey 1 Correlation does not mean causation. Survey 2 Our attitudes Demographic changes

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Conclusion In SMU context, contrary to US research, distributive justice is more important than autonomy. Based on our findings, we can institute structural changes to increase faculty intent to stay.

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