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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) Dutch Abstract Artist

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) One of the most important figures in the development of abstract art. His early painting was naturalistic and direct, often delicate in colour, though greys and dark greens predominated.

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) In 1911 he moved to Paris, where he came into contact with Cubism and executed a now famous series of paintings on the theme of a tree, in which the image became progressively more abstract (Flowering Apple Tree, Gemeente Mus., The Hague, 1912).

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) He returned to Holland in 1914 and remained there during the war, continuing his study of abstraction and developing theories about the horizontal-vertical axes. With Theo van Doebourg he founded the group De Stijl in 1917 and became the main exponent of a new kind of rigorously geometrical abstract painting that he named Neo-Plasticism, in which he limited himself to rectangular forms and a range of colours consisting of the three primaries plus black, white, and grey (Composition in Yellow and Blue).

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) From 1919 to 1938 Mondrian lived in Paris, where in 1931 he joined the Abstraction-Création group. For many years he had struggled to earn a living, but in the 1920s he gradually became known to an international circle of admirers, including the American Katherine Dreier (from 1926). In 1938 he left Paris because of the threat of war, and for the next two years he lived in London, near Naum Gabo and Ben Nicholson.

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) In 1940 he settled in New York, where he died. In America he developed a more colourful style, with syncopated rhythms that reflect his interest in jazz and dancing (Broadway Boogie-Woogie, MOMA, 1942-3); he was noted for his immaculate tidiness and rather fussy lifestyle, but he had a passion for social dancing and took lessons in fashionable steps. The Broadway Boogie-Woogie picture on the next slide.

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) Broadway Boogie-Woogie

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) Mondrian's concept of 'pure plasticity' consisted partly in the simplification of the means of expression to the bare essentials. He not only banished representation and three-dimensional picture-space but also the curved line, sensuous qualities of texture and surface, and the sensuous appeal of colour. This restrictedness he regarded as a sort of mystical pursuit of the Absolute, which he justified in terms of his theosophical beliefs.

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Piet Mondrian (1872 - 1944) His extensive influence was not limited to artists whose style had direct affinities with his own. He also had a profound influence on much industrial, decorative, and advertisement art from the 1930s onwards. His influence was spread by his writings as well as his paintings. Besides articles in De Stijl Mondrian wrote Néo-plasticisme (Paris, 1920), which was published by the Bauhaus in German translation under the title Neue Gestaltung (1924), and the essay 'Plastic Art and Pure Plastic Art' published in Circle (1937). Collected editions of his writings appeared in 1945 and 1986.

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How Mondrian fits in with your own project work?

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Choose an area of your work for this section of the project. Show example Zoom into that area using a view-finder. Produce a painting from your selected area in the style of Mondrian. And finally, using some computer imaging software your will create an ICT version of your Mondrian Artwork.

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Any Questions?

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Well done! This is a Painting by Piet Mondrian

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This was painted by Eduardo Manet

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This was painted by Edward Hopper!

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This was painted by Wassilly Kandinsky

Summary: Year 7 introduction to Abstract art. Piet Mondrian

Tags: art education learning abstract ks3 mondrian

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