Women, Children and Young People in the Asia-Pacific (2012): National Response

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Women, Children, and Young People

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2 Data availability HIV prevalence and epidemiological status (1995-2010) Risk behaviors (2003-2009) Vulnerability and HIV knowledge (2003-2009) HIV Expenditure (2005-2009) National Response (2003-2010) - Coverage, prevention, care and treatment (Women and children) Women Children - Care and treatment (adults) - HIV testing CONTENT

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National response

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HIV testing

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Percentage of pregnant women who received an HIV test in East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2005-2010 5 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of pregnant women tested for HIV, 2010 6 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Number and percentage of pregnant women tested for HIV in the last 12 months and received the results, 2009 7 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010). Towards Universal Access Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Report 2010

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Percentage of pregnant women attending ANC whose male partner was tested for HIV in the last 12 months, countries where data is available, 2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires)

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9 Percentage of pregnant women attending ANC whose male partner was tested for HIV in the last 12 months, countries where data is available, 2008-2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2009). Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector- Progress Report 2009 and WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires)

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Percentage of infants born to women living with HIV receiving a virological test by two months of age, 2010 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of infants born to HIV + mother receive HIV test within 12 months, 2009 11 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010). Towards Universal Access Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Report 2010

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Estimated number of HIV testing and counseling facilities per 100 000 adult population, South Asia, 2009-2010 12 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated number of HIV testing and counseling facilities per 100 000 adult population, ASEAN, 2009-2010 13 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated number of HIV testing and counseling facilities per 100 000 adult population, Pacific Island Countries and Territories , 2009-2010 14 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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15 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. Estimated number of HIV testing and counseling facilities per 100 000 adult population, East Asia and non-ASEAN countries, 2009-2010

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Number of people 15 years and older who received HIV testing and counselling per thousand adult population, East and South- East Asia, 2009-2010 16 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Number of people 15 years and older who received HIV testing and counselling per thousand adult population, South Asia, 2009-2010 17 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Number of people 15 years and older who received HIV testing and counselling per thousand adult population, Pacific Island Countries and Territories, 2009-2010 18 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of adults (15-49) who received HIV test in the last 12 months and knew the result, countries where data is available, 2005-2009 19 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on UNGASS Country Progress Reports 2006, 2008 & 2010 * Manipur only; ** data from 3 cities . Denominator = # of surveyed respondents aged 15-49 + VCT registration data 11722(knew the result) / 43598 (tested) ++ data from voluntary screening

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Coverage, prevention, care and treatment (Women and children)

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Women

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Mother-to-child transmission rates in women with low CD4 counts, during pregnancy, labour and breastfeeding 22 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on Kuhn,L., et al., 'Potential Impact of New WHO Criteria for Antiretroviral Treatment for Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission'. AIDS, vol. 24, no.9, 1 June 2010, pp. 1374-1377 cited in UNICEF (2010). Children and AIDS: Fifth Stocktaking Report.

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Estimated number of pregnant women needing and receiving ARVs for PMTCT and PMTCT coverage, by region, 2010 23 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated PMTCT coverage, by region, 2010 24 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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PMTCT coverage in East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2005-2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010). Towards Universal Access Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Report 2010 and WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of pregnant women tested for HIV vs PMTCT coverage ( in range), 2010 26 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated high and low percentage of pregnant women living with HIV who received ART for preventing mother-to-child transmission, 2010 27 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Proportion of ART regimen for PMTCT: Most effective regimens and single-dose Nevirapine, East, South and South-East Asia vs Total low-and middle-income countries, 2010 28 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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29 PPTCT prophylaxis options used by countries, 2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires which are not included in the published report)

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30 Proportion of different ARV regimens for pregnant women to reduce the risk of MTCT, 2009-2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010). Towards Universal Access Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Report 2010 and on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires which are not included in the published reprot)

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Percentage distribution of countries by most commonly used PMTCT ARV regimen, Asia Pacific, 2009 31 China, Malaysia, PNG Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2010 (compiled from country response questionnaires which is not included in the published report) Afghanistan, DPRK, Fiji, Japan, Mongolia, Maldives, Pakistan, Republic of Korea, Timor-Leste Lao PDR, Singapore, Sri Lanka

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Percentage of HIV-infected pregnant women assessed for ART eligibility through either clinical staging or CD4 testing, 2009-2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010). Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector- Progress Report 2010 and WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (compiled from country response questionnaires which are not included in the published report)

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Percentage of HIV + pregnant women assessed for ART eligibility through clinical staging or CD4 testing, 2009 33 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2010 (compiled from country response questionnaires which are not included in the published report)

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34 Prevention the mother-to-child transmission of HIV, East Asia and Pacific countries, 2010 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. * Only the most effective regimens as recommended by WHO are reported here, the value for single-dose nevirapine value has been excluded from the total. In case the country also reported a number of women receiving an unspecified antiretroviral medicine, this has proportionally increased the value for single-dose nevirapine deducted from the reported total.

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Prevention the mother-to-child transmission of HIV, South Asia countries, 2010 35 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. * Only the most effective regimens as recommended by WHO are reported here, the value for single-dose Nevirapine value has been excluded from the total. In case the country also reported a number of women receiving an unspecified antiretroviral medicine, this has proportionally increased the value for single-dose Nevirapine deducted from the reported total.

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Antenatal care coverage, 2003-2008 36 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on UNICEF. (2009). Children and AIDS Fourth Stocktaking Report, 2009.

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Antenatal care coverage at 4 or more visits, multiple countries Asia-Pacific (countries where data is available) 37 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, & UNICEF. (2010). Countdown to 2015 Decade Report (2000–2010): Taking Stock of Maternal, Newborn and Child Survival,

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Children

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Percentage of infants born to HIV + mother received ARVs for PMTCT in East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2005-2010 39 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of infants born to HIV + mother received ARVs for PMTCT ( in range), 2010 40 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Percentage of infants born to HIV + mother receive Cotrimoxazole propylaxis within 2 months of birth, 2010 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. 41

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Distribution of feeding practices among infants born to HIV + mother at DPT 3 (vaccination) visit, countries where data is available, 2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires which are not included in the published report)

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Percentage of children (0-14 years) living with HIV receiving ART: East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2005-2010 43 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated number of receiving and needing ART among children (0-14) years and ART coverage, 2010 44 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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Estimated ART coverage among children, 2010 45 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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ART scale up among children (0-14) in East, South and South-East Asia regions vs total low-and middle income countries, 2006-2010 46 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS & UNICEF. Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Reports, 2007-20101

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Reported number of HIV infected children (0-14 yr) who are receiving ART, countries where the data is available, 2010 47 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 (Compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires which are not finalized and published)

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Proportion of different ART regimens for infants born to HIV + mother to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission, 2009 48 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2010).Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2010 (compiled from country response questionnaires which is not included in the published report)

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Percentage of national health facilities providing ART which also provide pediatric ART, South Asia vs. East Asia and the Pacific, countries where the data is available, 2010 49 Source: www.aidsdatahub.org based on Towards Universal Access Health Sector Response Country Reports 2011 ( compiled from preliminary country response questionnaires which are not included in the published report)

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Percentage of schools that provided life skills-based HIV education within the last academic year, countries, where data is available, 2007-2009 50 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on UNGASS Country Progress Reports 2008 & 2010 * Life skills through personal development curriculum is compulsory

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Current school attendance among orphans and among non-orphans aged 0-14 51 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on Demographic and Health Surveys & Multiple Indicators Cluster Surveys reported in UNGASS country Progress reports 2008 & 2010

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Care and treatment (adults)

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ART scale up in East, South and South-East Asia, 2003-2010 53 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS & UNICEF. Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Reports 2006-2011

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ART scale up in East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2003-2010 54 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS & UNICEF. Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Reports 2006-2011

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Estimated antiretroviral therapy coverage among people living with HIV, based on 2010 WHO guidelines, 2010 55 Source : Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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ART coverage among adults and children, East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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ART coverage by gender, East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2010 57 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. East, South & SEA- # of countries reporting/ total countries in region = 20/34 Total low-and middle-income countries - # of countries reporting/ total countries = 109/149

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Estimated number of people needing and receiving ART and ART coverage by gender, East, South and South-East Asia vs total low-and middle-income countries, 2010 58 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access.

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59 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. * Total number of people receiving ART = 2 Percentage distribution of male and female receiving ART (among reported number of people receiving ART) , 2010

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60 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS, & UNICEF. (2011). Global HIV/AIDS Response: Epidemic Update and Health Sector Progress Towards Universal Access. Percentage distribution of adults and children receiving ART (among reported number of people receiving ART) , 2010

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61 Reported number of adults and children receiving ART, 2005-2010 Source: Prepared by www.aidsdatahub.org based on WHO, UNAIDS & UNICEF. Towards Universal Access: Scaling up Priority HIV/AIDS Interventions in the Health Sector - Progress Reports 2006-2011

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62 THANK YOU slides compiled by www.aidsdatahub.org Data shown in this slide set are comprehensive to the extent they are available from country reports. Please inform us if you know of sources where more recent data can be used. Please acknowledge www.aidsdatahub.org if slides are lifted directly from this site

Summary: Women, Children and Young People in the Asia-Pacific: Overview in Slides consist of the summary of HIV and AIDS country data presented in charts, tables, graphs and maps using PowerPoint format. ‪Prepared by the HIV/AIDS Data Hub for the Asia Pacific Region.‬

Tags: vulnerability prevalence aids hiv data hub epidemiological status knowledge hiv/aids economics national response risk behaviors women children youth

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