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Spanish School System People in Spain start school when they are three years old. In the past, people began later, when they were six, but since the 90's that has changed. Education is compulsory until you are sixteen years old, when you finish 4th of ESO (Compulsory Secondary Education). So, altogether, Spanish education is compulsory for thirteen years. Students are given reports three times a year: before Christmas holidays, Easter holidays and summer holidays. Along the school year tutors get in touch with parents as soon as they notice learning or behaviour problems. After that, optional studies begin. You can choose a specific preparation for higher education (if you want to go to university) or different modules of professional training (if you want to find a job soon).

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Spanish School System We don't have any clothing regulations, because my high school is public (funded and regulated by the government), but there are other private schools where you have to wear a uniform or "moderate" your clothes In my high school there are some discipline and behaviour rules for the smooth running of lessons and everyday life. They are very simple and not too strict. Our teachers are good and kind. They help us, and we can tell them any problem that we have. But in general, I think that we should respect them more. Our school system has advantages and disadvantages. The main good point are the rules. They aren't too strict, and they allow you to have freedom. Another good point: holidays. Both students and teachers have long holiday breaks in Christmas, Easter and summer. The main disadvantage is the price of books and other school costs.

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Primary school (6-12 years old) Class size: 25 students approximately Grades: for some years the grades for primary school have been two: N.M. Necessita millorar (needs to improve) P. A. Progressa Adequadament (adequate progress) But now they are going to be: 0- 4 Insuficient (Fail) 5- Suficient (pass, OK) 6 – Bé (Good) 7- 8 Notable (Very Good) 9-10 Excel·lent (Excellent) The funny thing is that these grades were already used in the past!

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Secondary school Ages: 12 – 16 years old Courses: 1 ESO, 2 ESO, 3 ESO, 4 ESO Grades: 0- 4 Insuficient (Fail) 5- Suficient (pass, OK) 6 – Bé (Good) 7- 8 Notable (Very Good) 9-10 Excel·lent (Excellent)

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A typical day at school (2 ESO) We get up at 7:30 and have a small breakfast. We start school at 8 or 9. From 8 to 11 we have three subjects. At 11:00 we have a break until 11:30. We eat our sandwich and play with friends. Some go to the library to do homework or study. Students in ESO cannot leave the school at break time. On Wednesdays the timetable is different. Classes finish at 12:30 and the break is from 10:00 to 10:30

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A typical day at school (2 ESO) Later we have two subjects, until 13:30. When school finishes, we go home and eat our lunch. After lunch, some watch TV ( The Simpsons is very popular) and others play computer games. At 15:00 we start school again and have two subjects until 17:00. On Wednesday and Friday there’re no classes after lunch. Then, we go home and do homework. Some do after class activities, like English, football or hip hop. Later, we watch TV and at 22:30 or 23:00 we go to bed.

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1 ESO and 2 ESO (12-14 years old) Class size : There’re usually 26 students per class, but in some special classes there’re twelve students approximately (low level classes). Subjects: 10 subjects every year: English, Art, P.E, Spanish, Maths, History and Geography, Science, Music, Optional subject, I. T. and Catalan. We have a tutorial one hour a week. Terms, evaluations and reports: There are three terms. One is before Christmas, the other one before Easter and the last one at the beginning of June. Students usually have two exams in each term. Students who fail can take exams at the end of June.

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1 ESO and 2 ESO (12-14 years old) Teachers: There is one teacher for every subject. Special groups with very low level have less teachers. In every class there is one tutor and two class representatives. In classes with 27 students it’s possible to have two tutors. Every Wednesday, teachers meet to talk about students, their behaviour, grades. They also talk about excursions, conferences, etc.

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3rd ESO Curriculum Spanish language and literature : 3 hours/week Catalan language and literature: 3 hours/week English language : 3 hours week Mathematics: 3 hours/week Sciences: Biology, Geology, Physics and Chemistry : 4 hours/week Social Sciences: Geography and History : 3 hours/week

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3rd ESO Physical Education: 2 hours/week IT : 3 hours/week Art: 2 and a half hours / week Music : 2 and a half hours/week Citizenship education: 1 hours/week Optative subjects: 3 hours Tutorial: 1h.

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3rd ESO Optative subjects: Each school can propose and organize optative subjects but among these they have to include a second foreign language and classical culture. Synthesis work: This is a combination of subjects and we have to work in groups. It is done to check if the students are able to relate the different skills learned in the different subjects in order to put them into practice and solve problems related to daily life. The qualification has the same value as an optative subject. Curricular diversification programmes: Each school is free to organize different programmes of curricular diversification, specially in third and fourth ESO.

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3rd ESO in our school In the 3rd year of secondary school, the 124 students are distributed in 7 groups. Three of these groups are ordinary (A, B and C). Two groups are adapted (D and E). The last two are “project groups” (F and G). In the groups A and B there are 24 students and in group C there are 25. In these groups there are students of all levels and they have the normal books (the books included in the curriculum).

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3rd ESO in our school In the group D there are 18 students. They can be a high adapted level or low ordinary level (they have the same curriculum but they work slower). In the group E there are 17 students. They’re also an adapted level but with different books and curriculum

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3rd ESO in our school The classes F and G are adapted groups. They are 10 people in each class. They do the same hours than the rest of the groups, but the activities are simpler. Also, they do fewer examinations. Fewer books are used and they do the work that the teacher gives them. When we go out on a excursion for a special purpose, they neither come nor do any type of work. The teachers are keen on them, because they need more attention. In addition, they repeat the things often enough so that they understand them. The most complex topics are not done by them. Before every exam they explain to them everything that is going to be in it so that they study the correct things.

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4th ESO In 4th of ESO the students have to study these obligatory subjects: - Geography and history : 105 hours. In this subject the students have to study 15 units about Contemporaneous History in Europe and specially Spain. - Ethical civic education: 35 hours. In this subject the students have to study 6 units about citizenship and social problems. - Physical education: 70 hours - Catalan language and literature: 105 hours

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4th ESO - Spanish language and literature: 105 hours. In this subject the student study 2 blocks. - Maths: 105 hours. In this subject the students have to study 12 units about potencies, powers, equations and functions. - English language: 105 hours - Tutorship: 35 hours - Religion (voluntary subject): 35 hours

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4th ESO And each student has to choose three free selection subjects of this group: - Biology and geology: 105 hours - Visual and plastic education: 105 hours - Physics and chemistry: 105 hours. In this subject the students have to study 15 units. - IT: 105 hours - Latin: 105 hoers - Music: 105 hours - French: 105 hours - Technology: 105 hours

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Batxillerat Our school year is divided in three terms. In each term we have a mark and in the last one we have the average mark for the course. To start university we need a mark and we obtain it out of the following: 50% of the mark is the average mark of the two “batxillerat” courses 40% of the mark is from the PAU´s exams (PAU are the university entrance examinations) 10% is from the research project ( or treball de recerca in Catalan) The research project is a work that we do in batxillerat. We choose a topic about which we must do a research and present it in front of the teachers so that they assess our task. This is what our education is about.

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1st Batxillerat Here there are four kinds of batxillerat. We are separated in two different classes: scientific-technological or social-humanistic studies. We do the common subjects together but when we do the specific subjects we split up. We are normally around 20 people in class but when we split up we can be 10 more or less. We only have 3 different subjects, the rest are the same. In the humanistic-social classes there are more girls but in the scientific-technological speciality it is the opposite: there are more boys. A lot of people think that the humanistic-social batxillerat is easier. There are no national tests for the first course of batxillerat. The tests take place at the end of the second course, before entering university.

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1st Batxillerat Subjects: In Catalonia in the first course of batxillerat there are five compulsory subjects: Philosophy, Spanish, Catalan, English and Physical education. We live in Catalonia, where there are two compulsory languages: Catalan and Spanish. That is why we are bilingual. Depending on the modality you take, you have to study different subjects, for example:

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1st Batxillerat Scientific: physics, biology, mathematics, chemistry, sciences of the earth and environment. Technological: physics, mathematics, chemistry, mechanics, technology, art. Humanistic: Latin, old Greek, history, economy, maths (applied to science) Artistic: art, technical art. Optional subjects for artistic batxillerat are: physics, chemistry, maths, technological science and society, art on computer.

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2nd Batxillerat Now, we are 40 people in the class, but it's not normal. Usually there are 30 people in one class as much. But we are in this situation because we study all the types of batxillerat together in the common subjects. We start at 8 o'clock and we do classes until 11 o'clock. At this time we have a break and we have breakfast. During this break we can leave the school. We continue with the classes at 11:30. We finish at 14:30, when we go home.

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2nd Batxillerat We do exams twice a term, but it can change, depending on the schedule or the teachers. The grades you can get are: insuficient, suficient, good, notable and excellent. If you get an insuficient you fail and you must retake the exam.

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2nd Batxillerat At the end of second of batxillerat, you can do a national test called selectivitat.Depending on the grade of this exam, you can choose the university and the Faculty you want. This exam takes place in June and it lasts three days. If you fail or you don't get the necessary grade, you can retake it in September, but you may have no places in the university you want. Apart from the public universities, which use these exams to choose the best students, you can study in a private university, but they are normally expensive.

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Students’ democracy In IES Marina pupils are represented by the “Consell Escolar”, that is a council which includes a representation of every sector of the school (teachers, pupils, parents, workers…). Pupils have four members in the council who are chosen by themselves in a pupil election every 2 years. All pupils can participate in the election, but you have to be more than 16 years old if you want to join in the “Consell Escolar”.

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Student’s democracy When the “Consell Escolar” has a meeting, they discuss about budgets, calendar, and about problems which concern the college and the pupils. They have meetings every 2 months more or less. What’s more, when there is an important problem with a student, the council has a meeting with the students’ parents. In this meeting, the pupil representing the student can talk and give his/her opinion about the problem and about the punishment that teachers impose to the problem pupil.

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Student’s democracy In my opinion, pupils can participate a lot in the college democracy and together, they can do a lot of things in order to change some things or propose new ones. When students want to say or express something, they have to talk with the students who are joined in the council and these ones can tell the director and the staff these ideas to make them come true.

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After-class activity: Theater The company is formed by 16 students and two teachers. They rehearse every Wednesday from 14.30 to 17.00 in the Àgora. The first thing they do is to prepare the class to be able to work. Then they do some warming up and some physical exercises. After a break they go on doing some other exercises for concentration and mutual understanding. Last they rehearse the play.

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Theater At five o'clock the teacher gives them some homework for the next day and says goodbye. There are two teachers. One of them writes the scripts and the other is the one who works with the students. Both of them like teaching theatre to children very much because they have fun doing it and because they feel they show the students a different way to learn things.

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Theater We have interviewed Kenia, a student of third ESO. She explains that they are now working on“Alice in wonderland” from an adapted script by Eva (one of the teachers).Kenia feels happy doing that activity because she has fun and learns to laugh at herself, but at the same time she says that it is very hard to learn all the things they have to do and do them well without any mistake.

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Theater Last year they worked on “Romeo and Juliette” a very difficult but interesting play which they performed twice in La Llagosta and one in Barcelona.

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Thank you for watching this project Thanks to all the students who have worked on it We have tried to make this presentation as original as possible With love Created by : Xavi and Dani Click to finish

Summary: Spanish School System

Tags: spanish school system ies marina la llagosta comenius

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