Verb Tense - will x going to (By Marta D. de Rezende)


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Future Tenses Will X Going to By Marta D. de Rezende

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2 Future Forms - will The modal verb WILL is one of the ways of talking about the future. In the Future Simple tense, Will is followed by the base form of the verb.

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Will expresses a prediction about the future. According to the weather forecast, it will be sunny on Tuesday. 3

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Will is used to talk about scheduled events. The lecture will begin at 8:00. 4

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Will expresses an offer. 5 Ladies, I’ll help you. This is too heavy. The boy is willing or ready do help carry the bag.

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Will expresses a request. 6 Will you help me do my math homework?

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Will is used to express a promise. 7 I will love him forever!

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The functions of the Future Simple with Will: 8

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Future forms – Be going to Be going to is used to express a plan made before the time of speaking. 9 We are going to buy a house next year.

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10 Future forms – Be going to Look at these big clouds in the sky. It is going to rain. Be going to is used to make a prediction based on concrete evidence.

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Be going to is used to refer to a sure or certain future event. 11 Future forms – Be going to She is going to have a baby next week.

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Future Forms will Prediction Scheduled events Offer or willingness to do something Request Promise Going to Plan made before the time of speaking Sure or certain future event Prediction based on concrete evidence 12

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Future forms – Present continuous 13 Are you busy this afternoon? I am meeting some friends for a movie and then we’re having dinner. What verb tense is used in the answer? Why? The present continuous tense is used because the guy is talking about a planned event. The context indicates a future meaning.

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The Present Simple is also used to talk about the future. 14 1- The stores open at 12:00 tomorrow. 2- Classes begin on March 1st. 3- My mother’s plan arrives at 8:30 tomorrow. The present simple needs future time words to show a future frame. The actions indicate fixed events in the future. 4- I’m going to find a good job when I graduate. 5- We’ll surprise her if she comes. 6- We’ll give her the present as soon as she arrives. In examples 4,5 and 6, the present simple is used in time clauses with a future meaning. Time clauses begin with words such as when, before, after, as soon as, until, unless, the moment