Identifying and Avoiding Plagiarism


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Identifying and Avoiding Plagiarism Image:

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What is Plagiarism? Using someone’s thoughts or ideas and passing them off as your own A form of cheating and/or theft Comes from the Latin word for kidnapping It can be deliberate or accidental

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Plagiarism is Theft??? Thoughts and ideas can be stolen???

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Recorded original ideas are considered intellectual property Copyright laws protect intellectual property just like they protect original inventions Almost all forms of recorded expression fall under copyright protection Examples of a recorded expression are a book or a computer file Yes The answer is YES according to U.S. copyright laws.

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Examples of Plagiarism Turning in someone else's work claiming it to be your own Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving them credit Quoting someone without using quotation marks Failing to give the correct information about the source of a quote

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Examples (Con’t) Changing words and copying the sentence structure without giving credit Having the words or ideas from another source comprise the majority of your work Copying and pasting from a website without citing the source Copying from a previous paper that you wrote, YES you can plagiarize yourself!

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Deliberate vs. Accidental Image:

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It doesn’t matter if it is deliberate or accidental, it is still Plagiarism! Ignorance is not a defense! Take the proper steps to avoid stealing the ideas of someone else. Teachers have access to many websites that can detect plagiarism If you get caught plagiarizing you could fail or even be expelled. Image: Plagiarizing

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How Can You Avoid Plagiarism? To avoid plagiarism, you must give credit whenever you use: another person’s idea, opinion, or theory facts, statistics, graphs, drawings any bit of information that is not common knowledge quotations or paraphrases of another person’s spoken or written words

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Tips to Avoid Plagiarism Take precise and accurate notes about where you found specific ideas Record the complete citation information for every source you use Always use quotation marks when directly stating the words of another Always give credit to the original authors for their information and ideas

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Let’s take a moment to see what you’ve learned about identifying and avoiding plagiarism Image:

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Is it plagiarism?? Scenario: Adam is doing a report on sharks. He finds a website with a great deal of information about sharks. He copies several excerpts from the website and pastes it into his report. He then changes some words and paraphrases some of the ideas. He does not include a citation for the website because now he has put the information into his own words. Did Adam plagiarize?

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If you said YES you are correct! Adam did try to paraphrase the information and use some of his own words It is still plagiarism because he did not cite the website as his source. Putting the ideas of others into your own words does not make it your original thought. Cite the original author even if it is a website!!! Let’s try one more…

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Is it plagiarism? Scenario: Alison is creating a PowerPoint presentation. She downloads several pictures from different websites to use in her presentation. Every time she uses one of the pictures in her slides she also includes the link to the website where she retrieved the picture. Alison also uses several clip art pictures she retrieved from her computer within her presentation without including a citation. Did Alison plagiarize?

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If you said NO you are correct! Alison cited all of the websites where she downloaded the pictures She does not have to cite where she retrieved the clip art The clip art isn’t copyright protected Alison did what she was supposed to do to avoid plagiarism She cited her sources!

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Key points to remember Plagiarism is stealing the words and ideas of others. You wouldn’t want someone taking credit for your ideas and neither does anyone else. Be original and as creative as possible Always, Always, Always give credit where credit is due and cite your sources! Image:

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Bibliography Plagiarism. Retrieved June 12, 2011, from the University of San Diego website: plagiarism.htm Plagiarism: What it is and how to recognize and avoid it. Retrieved June 12, 2011, from Indiana University Writing Tutorial Services website: http://www.indiana. edu/~wts/pamphlets/plagiarism.shtml What is plagiarism? Retrieved June 12, 2011, from Kids Health website: plagiarism.html# What is plagiarism? Retrieved June 12, 2011, from Plagiarismdotorg website: http://www.plagiarism.Org/plag_ article_what_is_plagiarism.html

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