Class marking activity

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Kenny73 (8 years ago)

Just testing this after today. Some of the marks you thought this should get. We were using a different case study, the Great Plains of the USA. We discussed how we could make the changes discussed more 'recent'. The class mentioned a move by some farmers to organic farming, abandoned homesteads and farm buildings, co-operatives, shelter belts, strip cropping and contour ploughing. Farmers were also increasingly diversifying e.g growing sunflowers and moving away from monoculture. Unfortunately, my PC decided to shut down after recording this, so this is just a summary of some of the notes. Also, the question was 10 and not 8 marks

Slide 1

For extensive commercial farming, assess the impact of recent changes on the people and the environment (8 marks) Extensive commercial farming has caused a lot of changes and has been affected greatly by the CAP which was brought in to ensure that farmers received a fair profit and all were equal. As a result of this fields size have grown to make room for the machinery to be used and hedgerows have been removed to do this, reducing species diversity by destroying many habitats. Many farmers produce surpluses which are expensive to store and as a result the CAP has introduced quotas on the amount of food that can be produced and have encouraged farmers to set aside land for recreation use such as paintballing. In East Anglia the commercial farming has led to a uniform look to the countryside. The work is not labour intensive so there are less jobs. Migration to the cities is common, and local services such as schools and shops have shut down. Settlements have become further apart and people have to commute to use the local services

Slide 2

Describe and explain the characteristics of shifting cultivation (8 marks) Farms here are scattered and therefore they use up a lot of space. They tend to be small clearings which are created through slash and burn. The ash is left as a fertiliser as the soils in rainforest areas are poor once the protection of the rainforest has been removed. The farms rely on forest gardens which produce crops such as manioc. Some trees are left which provide shade and maybe even fruit. This is only possible for a few years and then tribes have to move on and restart the process all over again.

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