English 8 - Unit 13 - Festivals

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Unit 13: FESTIVALS A: In your opinion, where should Tom go? B: I think he should go to Nha Trang. There is a very beautiful beach there. A: That’s a good idea.

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s

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SPEAK. 1. Work with a partner. Mrs. Quyen is talking to Lan about their preparations for Tet. Put their sentences in the correct order. Start like this: 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 (con yêu) (quả lựu)

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Một lễ hội làng Một lễ hội trường Một lễ hội xuân Một lễ hội mùa Một lễ hội hoa

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This report shows how the Mid- Autumn festival was held in my neighborhood. The Mid – Autumn festival was held on the 15th of August (according to Lunar Calendar). This festival was specially organized for children. It was held in the yard of the Cultural House in my village. The main festival lasted for about three hours when the moon is at its fullest. During the festival, children took part in various activities like: singing and shouting, wearing masks, parading on the roads and banging the drums. Besides, children ate a very special cake called Moon Cakes. They are filled with lotus seeds, orange peel, ground beans, and sometimes eggs and pork fat for flavor. Children went on playing traditional games until mid-night. I think this festival is a very special occasion for Vietnamese people and specially for children to play and enjoy on a variety of activities. Moreover, children would understand more about Vietnamese traditions.

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Mrs. Thanh: Who has done all this? Hanh: Mom, it must have been the cat!

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3. Rewrite the sentences in your exercise book. Use a compound word in your sentences. Example: It is a contest in which participants have to cook rice.  It’s a rice-cooking contest.

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Formation Words can be combined to form compound nouns. These are very common, and new combinations are invented almost daily. They normally have two parts. The second part identifies the object or person in question (man, friend, tank, table, room). The first part tells us what kind of object or person it is, or what its purpose is (police, boy, water, dining, bed): The two parts may be written in a number of ways : 1. as one word. Example: policeman, boyfriend 2. as two words joined with a hyphen. Example: dining-table 3. as two separate words. Example: fish tank. There are no clear rules about this - so write the common compounds that you know well as one word, and the others as two words. COMPOUND NOUNS Two or more nouns combined to form a single noun. Compound nouns are written as separate words (grapefruit juice), as words linked by a hyphen (sister-in-law), or as one word (schoolteacher). See also: Compounding. "The compound noun structure is extremely varied in the types of meaning relations it can indicate. It can be used to indicate what someone does (language teacher), what something is for (waste-paper basket, grindstone), what the qualities of something are (whiteboard), how something works (immersion heater), when something happens (night frost), where something is (doormat), what something is made of (woodpile), and so on." Some compound nouns consist of three or more hyphenated words. (headword) If the first wood is a noun then add s to the first word. (N + Prep + N) SingularPlural: son-in-law  sons-in-law passer-by  passers-by If the first word is not a noun then add s to the end of the compound word. EX: forget-me-not  forget-me-nots two-year-old  two-year-olds

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Compound nouns often have a meaning that is different from the two separate words. Stress is important in pronunciation, as it distinguishes between a compound noun (e.g. greenhouse) and an adjective with a noun (e.g. green house). In compound nouns, the stress usually falls on the first syllable: a 'greenhouse = place where we grow plants (compound noun) a green 'house = house painted green (adjective and noun) a 'bluebird = type of bird (compound noun) a blue 'bird = any bird with blue feathers (adjective and noun) * Many common compound nouns are formed from phrasal verbs (verb + adverb or adverb + verb). Examples: breakdown, outbreak, outcome, cutback, drive-in, drop-out, feedback, flyover, hold-up, hangover, outlay, outlet, inlet, makeup, output, set-back, stand-in, takeaway, walkover. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VcZ0T6s0Qps&feature=player_embedded#

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Causative Verbs Jack had his house painted. This sentence is similar in meaning to: Someone painted Jack's house. OR Jack's house was painted by someone. Causative verbs express the idea of someone causing something to take place. Causative verbs can be similar in meaning to passive verbs. Examples: My hair was cut. (passive) I had my hair cut. (causative) Both 'make' and 'have' can be used as causative verbs. Make 'Make' as a causative verb expresses the idea that the person requires another person to do something. Construction Chart Subject + Make + Person + Base Form of Verb Examples: Peter made her do her homework.  The teacher made the students stay after class. Have 'Have' as a causative verb expresses the idea that the person wants something to be done for them. This causative verb is often used when speaking about various services. There are two forms of the causative verb 'have'. Construction Chart: Use 1 Subject + Have + Person + Base Form of Verb Examples: They had John arrive early. She had her children cook dinner for her. Construction Chart: Use 2  Subject + Have + Object + Past Participle Examples: I had my hair cut last Saturday. She had the car washed at the weekend. Note: This form is similar in meaning to the passive. It is often used with the following verbs: TO HAVE, TO LET, TO MAKE, TO GET, and a few others.  There are two basic causative structures. One is like an active, and the other is like a passive. 

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My house is a mess! 1. I think the carpenter should fix my door. I'll ………………………………… my door. 2. I think the cleaner should wash my windows. I'll…………………………………  my windows. 3. I think the gardener should cut my grass. I'll ………………………………… my grass. 4. I think the builder should fix my roof. I'll ……………………………… my roof. 5. I think the plumber should mend my tap. I'll ……………………………………… my tap.

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