Teaching Methods


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1/22/2012 1 Teaching Methods J. Brian Tucker, Ph.D. Built on the original presentation by Timothy Brock

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Introduction to the Lecture An overview of seven basic teaching methods Develop skills in matching teaching methods to learning objectives. 1/22/2012 2

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Overview: The Basic 7 Lecture Question and Answer Group Discussion Case Study Brainstorming Projects Storytelling 1/22/2012 3

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Overview: The Basic 7 with Details Lecture—with demonstration Question and Answer—content, opinion, attitudes, or emotions Group Discussion—with small group options Case Study—with movies and role play Brainstorming—with inductive Q and A Projects—research or action Storytelling—contemporary parables 1/22/2012 4

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Goal To add to your repertoire of teaching methods. 1/22/2012 5 Brainstorm Case Study Projects Discussion Story Questions Answers Lecture

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Lecture A lecture is a speech by one speaker before an audience. Use a lecture when: Giving information… The learners are already motivated… You are skilled in using word pictures… The group is too large for other methods… Reviewing or previewing a lesson… 1/22/2012 6

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Lecture Advantages of a Lecture… Disadvantages of a Lecture… Use a lecture in combination with another method Keys to Success 1/22/2012 7

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Question and Answer-Q/A The question and answer method is a series of queries and responses designed to test comprehension of a body of material and understanding one’s reaction to it. Use Q/A when: Reviewing information… Soliciting opinions… Assessing attitudes… Gauging emotions… 1/22/2012 8

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Question and Answer-Q/A Advantages of Q/A Disadvantages of Q/A Q/A is often used in combination with other methods. Keys to Success 1/22/2012 9

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Group Discussion Group discussion is a planned conversation between three or more persons on a selected topic, with leadership. Use group discussion: When sharing ideas… To stimulate interest in problem… To help members express their ideas… To identify and explore a problem… To create an informal atmosphere… 1/22/2012 10

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Group Discussion Advantages of Group Discussion Disadvantages of Group Discussion One alternative to a group discussion is small study groups. These groups are assigned a problem, allowed to discuss the problem, and expected to report back to the large group. Keys to Success 1/22/2012 11

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Case Study A Case Study is an account of a problem situation, including sufficient detail to make it possible for groups to analyze problems involved. The case is a “slice of life” that invites diagnosis, prescription, and possible treatment. It may be presented in writing, orally, dramatically, on video, or as a recording. 1/22/2012 12

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Case Study Use a case study when: Relating a problem to life situations… Analyzing a problem… To help members identify with a problem… A number of possible solutions may be appropriate… Analyzing the bearing of facts and opinions upon a problem… 1/22/2012 13

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Case Study Advantages of a Case Study Disadvantages of a Case Study Current movies or music may be used as the content of the case study. If your group is open to creative approaches, role play may also be used. Keys to Success 1/22/2012 14

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Brainstorming Brainstorming is a method of problem solving in which group members suggest in rapid fire order all the possible solutions they can think of. Criticism is ruled out. Evaluation of ideas comes later. 1/22/2012 15

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Brainstorming Use brainstorming: To encourage creative thinking… To encourage participation… When determining possible solutions to problems… To encourage presentation of new ideas… To create a warm, friendly feeling in the group… 1/22/2012 16

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Brainstorming Advantages of Brainstorming Disadvantages of Brainstorming Using inductive questions and answers, brainstorming can lead the class to develop and express principles and values. Keys to Success 1/22/2012 17

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Projects Projects are “homework”—activities to be conducted outside the classroom, between class meetings. Use group discussion: To encourage participants to develop skills in biblical exegesis … To encourage participants to research a biblical concept, image, or a word… To challenge participants to apply biblical truth in “real life contexts” … To nurture Christian attitudes and actions… 1/22/2012 18

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Projects Advantages of Projects Disadvantages of Projects Keys to Success 1/22/2012 19

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Storytelling Storytelling is the art of orally sharing “contemporary parables”—vignettes from “everyday life” which point to deeper life truths. Use storytelling: To encourage the learner to relate biblical truths to life situations… To inspire and to motivate learners… To stimulate the creativity of the learner… To allow learners to draw their our conclusions about the truth of the story … 1/22/2012 20

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Storytelling Advantages of Storytelling Disadvantages of Storytelling Keys to Success 1/22/2012 21

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Summary We have overviewed seven basic teaching methods. You have developed some skills in matching teaching methods to learning objectives. 1/22/2012 22

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Assignment: Round 1 Teaching Method Decide which of these methods you plan to use in your presentations and make adjustments to your lesson plan based on this choice. Remember you can use more than one of these methods in your presentation. Keep your target audience in mind. Use the abstraction ladder to help you keep the balance between higher level abstractions and concrete descriptions. 1/22/2012 23

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The End 1/22/2012 24

Summary: This lecture summarizes strengths and weaknesses of seven key teaching methods.

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