Group 2_Chap 12_ Inventory Managment

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Team 2 Edward Narvaez Melvin Mejia Adrian Murga Benedict Mendigorin Omar Millares Chapter 12 Inventory Management

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Managing Inventory at 1. How does the mix of Frito-Lay’s inventory differ from those at a machine or cabinet shop (a process-focused facility)? A process-focused facility will have substantial: Raw material for the unexpected order Substantial Work-in-process (WIP) because of imbalance in the system Few finished goods because most items are made to order Less Maintenance, Repair, and Operating materials (MRO) because of optional routings in the plant.

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Managing Inventory at 2. What are the major inventory items at Frito-Lay, and how rapidly do they move through the process? The major inventory items at Frito-Lay: potatoes, corn, corn meal, seasonings, and oil. They move quickly through the process, usually in hours. @ Florida plant: Potatoes arrive by the truckload from nearby farms, and 50,000 pounds (10 truckloads) are consumed in one shift. Only about 7½ hours of potatoes are held in the storage area.

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3. What are the four types of inventory? Give an example of each at Frito-Lay? Four types of inventory: (a) Raw materials: potatoes, corn, seasonings, and oil (b) Work-in-process: potatoes being cleaned, seasoned, cooked, and bagged (c) Finished goods: bags and cartons of chips or other products (d) MRO: motors, gears, and switches that keep the plant running Managing Inventory at

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Managing Inventory at (a) Least: WIP—There is virtually no WIP—only one shift worth that is moving rapidly through the plant. (b) Next to least: Raw material with frequent delivery will have low volume on hand at any one time. (c) Next to most: Finished goods—Several days of inventory but with an average of 1.4 days, to ensure that proper mix is available for delivery. This is more costly as it has both the raw material cost and the processing cost included. (d) Most: MRO (maintenance repair and operating supplies)—This inventory is typically high in process industries because good/high utilization is required. Also, replacement parts must be available to keep the high capital investment process running. 4. How would you rank the dollar investment in each of the four types (from the most investment to the least investment)?

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Managing Inventory at 5. Why does inventory flow so quicky through a Frito-Lay plant? Inventory flows quickly because: The plant is automated and efficient. It suffers minimal breakdowns. It has to move rapidly because: The basic corn and potato ingredients are perishable until they are processed and sealed in bags.

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Managing Inventory at 6. Why does the company keep so many plants open? The firm has plants throughout the United States and Canada (30 in total) because: The product must move to market quickly to keep it fresh. Also, the manufacturing process needs to be near the consumer and markets.

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Managing Inventory at 7. Why doesn’t Frito-Lay make all its 41 products at each of its plants? Frito-Lay does not make all 41 products at each plant because: It’s a cost issue. Equipment to handle specialty products that have (relatively) smaller sales is expensive. Some plants make only a few products and distribute them more broadly.

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Inventory Control at 1. Explain how Wheeled Coach implements ABC analysis. Wheeled Coach implements ABC analysis by identifying the ff: “A” items are annual use of those high dollar value. It represent some 15% of the total inventory items, but 70%–80% of the total cost. “B” items are those that are of medium value. It represent 30% of the items and 15%–25% of the value. “C” items are the low dollar value It represents 5% of the annual dollar volume, but about 55% of the total items.

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Inventory Control at 2. If you were to take over as inventory control manager at Wheeled Coach, what additional policies and techniques would you initiate to ensure accurate inventory records? As an inventory control manager at Wheeled Coach the ff. would be initiated: Do ABC analysis and implement tight physical control of the stockroom. Also, implement a cycle counting system, and ensure that issues require engineering change notices for those items not initially included on the bill of material. To the extent feasible, stockrooms would be consolidated.

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Inventory Control at 3. How would you go about implementing these suggestions? The inventory control manager would implement these changes through effective leadership, hiring and training of cycle counters, and effective training and education of all staff, from engineering through cycle counters, so that each understands the entire system and the importance of maintaining accurate inventory. We would also want to be assured that all concerned employees understand the importance of accurate inventory records, tight inventory control, and locked stockrooms. Continue

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Inventory Control at Continued 3. How would you go about implementing these suggestions? Management would have to exhibit the proper leadership and support of the entire system, including accurate bills of material, rapid issuing of ECNs, training budgets, etc. End

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