March 20 (83/83R)

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March 20, 2012 One out of every eight letters written is which letter? A E I S T

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Turn in reading Journal

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quiz #4

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Semicolons

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Semicolons The semicolon (;) is used to join independent clauses and to make meaning clear.

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Rule 1. Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses that could each stand alone as a sentence. Semicolons work especially well if the two independent clauses are short and closely related. I never liked science fiction; it just doesn’t make sense to me.

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Rule 1. Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses that could each stand alone as a sentence. Semicolons work especially well if the two independent clauses are short and closely related. Stephen King is my favorite writer; he knows how to grab his reader’s attention.

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Rule 1. Use a semicolon to join two related independent clauses that could each stand alone as a sentence. Semicolons work especially well if the two independent clauses are short and closely related. I can’t believe how many books King has written; Carrie is still my all-time favorite.

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day My cousin is an excellent athlete They have a beautiful view from their window Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit Next year, I will have an ideal schedule

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day; I always have too much to do. My cousin is an excellent athlete They have a beautiful view from their window Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit Next year, I will have an ideal schedule

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day; I always have too much to do. My cousin is an excellent athlete; she was the pitcher for her softball team at the state championships. They have a beautiful view from their window Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit Next year, I will have an ideal schedule

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day; I always have too much to do. My cousin is an excellent athlete; she was the pitcher for her softball team at the state championships. They have a beautiful view from their window; the mountains are green in spring, gold in summer and fall, and sparkling white in winter. Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit Next year, I will have an ideal schedule

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day; I always have too much to do. My cousin is an excellent athlete; she was the pitcher for her softball team at the state championships. They have a beautiful view from their window; the mountains are green in spring, gold in summer and fall, and sparkling white in winter. Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit; my co-worker noisily sucks her teeth all day long. Next year, I will have an ideal schedule

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Activity 1: Write Sentences Using Semicolons to Join Independent Clauses For me, the morning is the most frustrating time of day; I always have too much to do. My cousin is an excellent athlete; she was the pitcher for her softball team at the state championships. They have a beautiful view from their window; the mountains are green in spring, gold in summer and fall, and sparkling white in winter. Every day I put up with someone with an annoying habit; my co-worker noisily sucks her teeth all day long. Next year, I will have an ideal schedule; I will work on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday mornings.

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Rule 2. Use a semicolon to link two clauses that are joined by a transitional word.   Some people think Stephen King is too gory; nevertheless, they read every one of his books.

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Rule 2. Use a semicolon to link two clauses that are joined by a transitional word.   I wanted to send a copy of Misery to my cousin; however, my father wouldn’t let me.

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Rule 2. Use a semicolon to link two clauses that are joined by a transitional word.   I will buy every book King publishes; for example, I just bought Dreamcatcher.

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Activity 2: Use Semicolons Correctly It would be difficult to work full-time while he had five classes however, Noe accepted the job. In the heat of the afternoon, the flowers began to droop a single bee stirred the roses. Next summer, Nadine will visit Italy then she wants to go to Asia. Patrick did not have enough time to finish cooking dinner consequently, the stew is very watery. We had to wait two hours to pose for the family photograph by that time, unfortunately, the children were no longer clean and neat.

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1. It would be difficult to work full-time while he had five classes however, Noe accepted the job. It would be difficult to work; full-time while he had five classes however, Noe accepted the job. It would be difficult to work full-time while he had five classes; however, Noe accepted the job. It would be difficult to work full-time while he had five classes however; Noe accepted the job. None of the above Correct as is

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2. In the heat of the afternoon, the flowers began to droop a single bee stirred the roses. In the heat of the afternoon; the flowers began to droop a single bee stirred the roses. In the heat of the afternoon, the flowers; began to droop a single bee stirred the roses. In the heat of the afternoon, the flowers began to droop; a single bee stirred the roses. None of the above Correct as is

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3. Next summer, Nadine will visit Italy then she wants to go to Asia. Next summer; Nadine will visit Italy then she wants to go to Asia. Next summer, Nadine will visit; Italy then she wants to go to Asia. Next summer, Nadine will visit Italy then; she wants to go to Asia. None of the above Correct as is

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3. Next summer, Nadine will visit Italy; then she wants to go to Asia.

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4. Patrick did not have enough time to finish cooking dinner consequently, the stew is very watery. Patrick did not have enough time; to finish cooking dinner consequently, the stew is very watery. Patrick did not have enough time to finish cooking dinner; consequently, the stew is very watery. Patrick did not have enough time to finish cooking dinner consequently; the stew is very watery. None of the above Correct as is

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5. We had to wait two hours to pose for the family photograph by that time, unfortunately, the children were no longer clean and neat. We had to wait two hours to pose for the family photograph; by that time, unfortunately, the children were no longer clean and neat. We had to wait two hours; to pose for the family photograph by that time, unfortunately, the children were no longer clean and neat. We had to wait two hours to pose for the family photograph by that time; unfortunately the children were no longer clean and neat. None of the above Correct as is

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Colons

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Colons The colon (:) is also useful for making meaning clear. Use a colon to introduce a list or an explanation. However, use the colon only when the words before it are a complete sentence that could stand alone. Do not use a colon after expression like such as or for example. Never interrupt a sentence with a colon.

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Colons When you go to the movies, be sure to get the following: popcorn, soda, and a dill pickle.

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Colons There is only one way to please Brandon at the movies: buy the food he loves.

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Colons His friends know this about Brandon: the food is more important to him than the film.

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Activity 3: Use Colons Correctly. To make your own salsa, you need tomatoes, onions, chiles, cilantro, and salt. I have to do many things to prepare for my guests clean the house, shop for groceries, buy concert tickets, and repair the brakes on my car. Ian can play four different wind instruments flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. This afternoon, two-year-old Ryan was impossible he poured maple syrup on the floor, tore the pages out of a photo album, and flushed a doll down the toilet. Vanessa’s mother taught her many old popular dances, such as the twist, pony, swim, jerk, frug, and monkey.

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1. To make your own salsa, you need tomatoes, onions, chiles, cilantro, and salt. To make your own salsa: you need tomatoes, onions, chiles, cilantro, and salt. To make your own salsa, you need: tomatoes, onions, chiles, cilantro, and salt. To make your own: salsa, you need tomatoes, onions, chiles, cilantro, and salt. None of the above Correct as is

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2. I have to do many things to prepare for my guests clean the house, shop for groceries, buy concert tickets, and repair the brakes on my car. I have to do many things: to prepare for my guests clean the house, shop for groceries, buy concert tickets, and repair the brakes on my car. I have to do many things to prepare for my guests: clean the house, shop for groceries, buy concert tickets, and repair the brakes on my car. I have to do many things to prepare for my guests clean the house: shop for groceries, buy concert tickets, and repair the brakes on my car. None of the above Correct as is

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3. Ian can play four different wind instruments flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. Ian can play four different wind instruments: flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. Ian can play four different: wind instruments flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. Ian can play: four different wind instruments flute, clarinet, oboe, and bassoon. None of the above Correct as is

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4. This afternoon, two-year-old Ryan was impossible he poured maple syrup on the floor, tore the pages out of a photo album, and flushed a doll down the toilet. This afternoon, two-year-old Ryan: was impossible he poured maple syrup on the floor, tore the pages out of a photo album, and flushed a doll down the toilet. This afternoon, two-year-old Ryan was impossible: he poured maple syrup on the floor, tore the pages out of a photo album, and flushed a doll down the toilet. This afternoon: two-year-old Ryan was impossible he poured maple syrup on the floor, tore the pages out of a photo album, and flushed a doll down the toilet. None of the above Correct as is

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5. Vanessa’s mother taught her many old popular dances, such as the twist, pony, swim, jerk, frug, and monkey. Vanessa’s mother taught her many old popular dances: such as the twist, pony, swim, jerk, frug, and monkey. Vanessa’s mother taught her many old popular dances, such as: the twist, pony, swim, jerk, frug, and monkey. Vanessa’s mother taught her: many old popular dances, such as the twist, pony, swim, jerk, frug, and monkey. None of the above Correct as is

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Introductions

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Introductions The introduction should be designed to attract the reader’s attention and give him or her an idea of the essay’s focus.

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Begin with an Attention Grabber! The attention grabber you use is up to you, but here are some ideas: Startling Information This information must be true and verifiable, and it doesn’t need to be totally new to your readers. It could simply be a pertinent fact that explicitly illustrates the point you wish to make. If you use a piece of startling information, follow it with a sentence or two of elaboration.

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Startling Information Three of every five accidents in California is caused by a person who is talking on or texting on a cell phone. Many of the accidents could have been prevented if the person had pulled to the side of the road for cell phone use. Talking and texting on cell phones while driving should be banned in California.

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Begin with an Attention Grabber! Anecdote An anecdote is a story that illustrates a point. Be sure your anecdote is short, to the point, and relevant to your topic. This can be a very effective opener for your essay, but use it carefully.

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Anecdote My mother was taking my brother and me to soccer practice on a drizzly afternoon. She heard the phone ring in her purse and fumbled around to answer it in time. She saw that my dad was calling and she wanted to remind him that he needed to pick us up. She answered the phone, but before she could speak she plowed into a car. She had run a red light because she was distracted by the phone. No one was injured in the accident, but we were all scared. Talking and texting on cell phones while driving should be banned in California.

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Begin with an Attention Grabber! Dialogue An appropriate dialogue does not have to identify the speakers, but the reader must understand the point you are trying to convey. Use only two or three exchanges between speakers to make your point. Follow dialogue with a sentence or two of elaboration.

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Dialogue “Hey, did you hear about Sam? He decided to break up with Julie.” “No, no one told me. When is he planning to do it?” “Well, you know how they are going to the prom together. He is going to---” I was unable to finish my meaningless conversation about Sam and Julie because I rear ended the car in front of me. Talking and texting on cell phones while driving should be banned in California.

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Begin with an Attention Grabber! Summary Information A few sentences explaining your topic in general terms can lead the reader gently to your thesis. Each sentence should become gradually more specific, until you reach your thesis.

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Summary Information Talking on a cell phone while driving is dangerous. Driving with a distraction of any kind is unsafe, but cell phones are especially dangerous because a person has to take his eyes of the road to dial, to see who is calling, or to text. Talking and texting on cell phones while driving should be banned in California.

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Begin with an Attention Grabber! Flashing Scenes Give little flashes of different scenes to prove a point.

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Flashing Scenes A man weaves in and out of traffic as he tells his secretary over the phone what kind of flowers to get his wife. A woman uses her cell phone to check her e-mail and looks down a second too long. A teenager starts to text message her best friend and does not see the car in front of her. Talking and texting on cell phones while driving should be banned in California.

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Introductions If the attention grabber was only a sentence or two, add one or two more sentences that will lead the reader from your opening to your thesis statement.

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Introductions Finish the paragraph with your thesis statement.

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Beginnings to Avoid Apology I am a college student and do not consider myself an expert on intellectual property, but I think file sharing and MP3 downloads should be legal.

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Beginnings to Avoid Complaint I’d rather write about a topic of my own choice than the one that is assigned, but here goes.

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Beginnings to Avoid Webster’s Dictionary Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary defines the verb to snore as follows: “to breathe during sleep with a rough hoarse noise due to vibration of the soft palate.”

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Beginnings to Avoid Reference to Title As you can see from my title, this essay is about why we should continue to experiment with embryonic stem cells.

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Beginnings to Avoid Telling the Reader What You Are Going to Do In this essay, I will first tell you about why we should legalize marijuana use and then I will make a proposal as to how we can change the law.

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Beginnings to Avoid Reference to the Assignment I will be answering the second prompt. Or For this essay, I chose to write about gun control.

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Reading Journal #5 Prompt

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Write an introduction for Essay #3 using one of the methods we discussed

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Homework Rough draft of Essay #3 Bring highlighters

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