Emigration from the Netherlands to the United States in the 19th century

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Slide 19

Broeder Pieter van Ouwerkerk en zwager Risseeuw zijn nu weer te huis zij zijn in september tehuis gekomen zij hebben digt bij 10 maanden in dienst geweest maar zij hebben in geen gevegt geweest.

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Broeder ik hoor of zie niets meer van u en hoor niets meer van u Hier is de praat geweest dat geheel Zuidzande was uitgestorven van de Colleraa en nu weeten wij ook niet wat denken.

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“We are all fresh and healthy” Emigration from the Netherlands to the United States in the 19th century Yvette Hoitink Mary Risseeuw

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 Netherlands Wisconsin 

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De reis – Erie Canal Erie Canal

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Causes: push Secession of the Reformed church (1834) Failed crops (1845-1847) Not enough jobs, low wages Illness like cholera Sécession de l'Église réformée (1834) mauvaises récoltes (1845-1847) Peu de travail, bas salaires Maladies comme le choléra

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Causes: pull United States: Cheap land High wages Affordable journey Encouraging letters from predecessors Aux États-Unis: Terrain pas cher Salaires élevés Traversée abordable Lettres d'encouragement de prédécesseurs

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Ship passenger list (Swierenga)

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Hubregt Risseeuw en Sara Wilhelmina Bril Daughter Magdalena And son Peter Late 1870s

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Lifespan

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Civil War

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Blokhutten

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Jannis Izaak Bril X Esther de Meijer Jannis was a brother of Sara Willemina Bril

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Some of the descendants of Hubregt Risseeuw and Sara Willemina Bril

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Name changes

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Emigration from the Achterhoek

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Research focus Over 5,000 people emigrated from the Achterhoek between 1840 and 1920 What happened to them? Located almost 3,000 in the US so far. Plus de 5.000 émigrants du Achterhoek entre 1840 et 1920 Que devenaient-ils? Localisée presque 3.000 aux États-Unis

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Emigration from Winterswijk 270 people born in 1839 196 died in the NL 64 emigrated 10 unknown 270 enfants nés en 1839 196 décédés aux Pays-Bas 64 émigrés 10 inconnus

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Destination of the 64 emigrants

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Finding emigrants Departure: population registers Travel: passenger lists Residence: census records Départ: registres de population Voyage: listes de passagers Résidence: registres de recensement

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Search strategies Understand migration patterns: follow the neighbors! Find all the people in the county born in Holland Comprenez des routes de migration: suivez les voisins! Cherchez tous les personnes à la municipalité nées aux Pays-Bas

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Example: Henry & Betsy Hebrink from Minnesota

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Hebrink family – 1900 US census Lived in Greenleafton, Minnesota in 1900 Henry born Holland, October 1839 Habitait à Greenleafton, Minnesota en 1900 Henry né en Hollande, Octobre 1839

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Hebrink family – 1900 US census Neighbor Benjamin Hingeveld, b. Holland Already identified him with Bernardus Hengeveld b. Aalten Search for birth of Henry Hebrink in Aalten too Voisin Benjamin Hingeveld, né Hollande Déjà identifié avec Bernardus Hengeveld né à Aalten Cherchez la naissance de Henry Hebrink à Aalten aussi

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Birth record Derk Hendrik ten Hietbrink b. Aalten 10 October 1839, son of Lammert ten Hietbrink and Berendina Ansink Derk Hendrik ten Hietbrink né Aalten 10 Octobre 1839, fils de Lammert ten Hietbrink et Berendina Ansink

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Aalten emigration lists

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Clymer 1900 census example

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Conclusion: Networks help! Understanding the networks your ancestors were part of Building networks of fellow researchers across borders Comprendre les réseaux de vos ancêtres Construire des réseaux de généalogistes à travers les frontières

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Questions? Now or afterwards using: E- Mail: mrisseeuw@yahoo.com yvette@dutchgenealogy.nl Twitter: @DutchWisc (Mary) @DutchGen (Yvette) WWW: www.dutchgenealogy.nl

Summary: “We are all fresh and healthy” Emigration from the Netherlands to the United States in the 19th century Presentation by Mary Risseeuw and Yvette Hoitink given during the XXXth International Congress for genealogical and heraldic Sciences, from September 24 to 28, 2012 in Maastricht

Tags: emigration immigration genealogy

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