Gerunds and Infinitives


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Gerunds and Infinitives

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Gerunds To form the gerund in English he joins 'ing' to the verb in infinitive. Also we will see that his use is rather complex. The gerund is a noun derived from the verb. It is formed by means of adding-ing to the verb. It can have any of the functions of the noun. A GERUND also can appear after BE. In the prayers, the gerunds can be subjects, direct objects, nominative predicates, and objects of prepositions.

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Gerunds as Subject A GERUND can act as the SUBJECT of any VERB, instead of a noun or pronoun. Often we use the GERUND of this form to create generalizations. The GERUND can go alone, followed by a complement (ej. an object or an adverb) or an adverbial clause. IT FORMS: [GERUND + (adverbial Complement / clause) + VERB ...] For example: Running keeps me fit. Swimming has always been my passion. Quarrelling will get us nowhere.

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Transitive verbs are followed by an object. Usually this object is a noun, but sometimes, when we talk about an action, we have to transform a verb into a noun. The most common way to do this is to form a gerund. Gerunds as Object For example: I like swimming at night. He suggested going for a drink. Would you prefer eating out to staying in?

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Gerund as Object of preposition Frequently, the gerund is used as object of a preposition. TO, also is a preposition and not only it departs from a form infinitive, therefore it can go followed by a gerund. For the negative form the word not precedes the gerund. Prepositions (for, with, about, &) must be followed by an object. The object can be a noun or a gerund (a verb acting as a noun). For example: Many people excel at swimming He's excited about playing tennis.

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Infinitives To be To run To speak The infinitive Englishman is normally preceded of the particle 'to': The infinitive expresses the meaning of the verb of a general way, without it indexes in time anyone. Besides the simple infinitive, since ' to speak ', also there are infinitives progressively (' to be speaking '), perfect (' to have spoken ') and liabilities (' to be spoken).)

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As Subject To read a good book is my favorite form of relaxation. To win means everything to him. To speak a foreign language well requires practice. As Object In English some verbs are accompanied by the object + the infinitive with to. Example: Most people like to win. I don't want to go. We don't need to fight like this.

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As Object of preposition One of the most common uses of infinitives is as the object of a preposition. When used in such a way, the infinitive is often the rough equivalent of the English gerund, that is, the "-ing" form of the verb, and can be translated in that way. Example: She will leave after eating As Purpose To determine the intention we do the question in order that? Example: I turned on the Tv to watch the news. What for I turned on the TV.