Russian Suffixes in Jeopardy!

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Created by Lynne Crandall University of Michigan Revised by Mark Kondrak CLA Language Center University of Minnesota Content by Karen Davis NCS Slavic Department Suffixes

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500 500 500 500 500 400 400 400 400 400 300 300 300 300 300 200 200 200 200 200 100 100 100 100 100 More Adjectives Adjectives Verbs More Nouns Nouns

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Meaning “a quality, state, condition, or degree” of the root, this suffix is calqued by “-ness” or “-ity”. Nouns 100 Points

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Nouns 100 Points -(н)ость древность = antiquitey вежливость = politeness

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Nouns 200 Points Meaning “world, domain of” the root, or “that which encompasses” the root, this suffix is often translated by “-hood, -ship, -dom” or “-ity”.

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-ство царство = tsardom братство = brotherhood, fraternity Nouns 200 Points

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Nouns 300 Points Meaning “action, process, result” of the root, this suffix is calqued by “-tion, -nce, -ment, -ing”

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Nouns 300 Points -ие, -ье (-ение, -тие) занятие = occupation достижение = achievement

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This is the basic meaning of the suffix -ка (поддержка, разрядка), often translated with –ing or with no suffix. Nouns 400 Points

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“action, process, or result” of the root поддержка = support разрядка = loosening, relaxing Nouns 400 Points

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This is the meaning of the suffix –(o)к (отрезок, упадок), often translated by –ing or no suffix. Nouns 500 Points

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“thing that results from the root” отрезок = fragment упадок = decline, fall Nouns 500 Points

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Meaning “one who does” or “agent which performs” the root, this suffix is often translated with “er” or “-or”. More Nouns 100 Points

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More Nouns 100 Points -тель учитель = teacher, instructor двигатель = motor (engine)

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More Nouns 200 Points Meaning a “maker, provider, or pursuer” of the root, or “thing made for” the root, this suffix is often translated with “-ant/ent” or “-er”.

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-ник, -ница помощница = assistant градусник = thermometer More Nouns 200 Points

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More Nouns 300 Points Meaning “quality” of the root, this suffix is often translated with “-itude, -ity, -[t]h”.

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More Nouns 300 Points -ота широта= latitude, width быстрота = velocity, rapidity

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This is the meaning of the suffix -льня (спальня, раздевальня), which is translated by -room or a separate word. More Nouns 400 Points

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“place provided for doing” the root спальня = bedroom раздевальня = cloakroom More Nouns 400 Points

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This is the meaning of the suffix -ло (мыло, седло), which is usually found on words translated into English words with entirely different roots. More Nouns 500 Points

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“tool or instrument for performing” мыло = soap (for washing with) седло = saddle (for sitting on) More Nouns 500 Points

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This suffix is the basic suffix for making verbs from roots. Verbs 100 Points

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Verbs 100 Points -а- пис - пис-а-ть

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Verbs 200 Points This suffix is the basic suffix for making verbs from noun stems/roots.

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-ай- дел-о дел-ай-ть (делай-у делаю) Verbs 200 Points

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Verbs 300 Points This suffix is the basic suffix for making new verbs especially from foreign roots.

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Verbs 300 Points -ова- интриг интриг-ова-ть

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This suffix creates imperfective verbs from prefixed perfectives. Verbs 400 Points

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-ивай- (-ывай-) рассказать - рассказывать Verbs 400 Points

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This suffix creates semelfactive (one-time action) perfectives, often as part of a triplet. Verbs 500 Points

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-ну- кус кус-ну-ть (кусать/покусать/куснуть) Verbs 500 Points

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This suffix’s basic meaning is “suitable for, able to, susceptible to being” the root, and is often -able. Adjectives 100 Points

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Adjectives 100 Points -к- ломкий = breakable резкий = sharp (able to cut)

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Adjectives 200 Points This suffix means “embodying” or “filled with” the root, and is often -y.

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-ав- кровавая = bloody Adjectives 200 Points

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Adjectives 300 Points This suffix is used with roots denoting body parts and means “having”; a variant -аст- means “having huge”.

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Adjectives 300 Points -ат- бородатый = bearded (бородастый)

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The suffix means “a bit like” or “ish”. Adjectives 400 Points

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-оват- красноватый = reddish Adjectives 400 Points

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This suffix makes adjectives which mean “having a tendency to be often or constantly doing the root by nature” (-y, -ly, -ive). Adjectives 500 Points

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лив говорливый = talkative Adjectives 500 Points

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This suffix is the all-purpose adjective maker, making them from just about any root or stem. More Adjectives 100 Points

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More Adjectives 100 Points -н- чудный = marvellous

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More Adjectives 200 Points This suffix makes adjectives that show a relationship or belonging; may be a noun with possessive ’s in English.

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-ов- боевой = combat, of battle слоновой = elephant’s More Adjectives 200 Points

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More Adjectives 300 Points This suffix make adjectives of time, position, or relationship.

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More Adjectives 300 Points -нь- зимний = wintry, winter замужняя = married

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This suffix makes relational adjectives, and is the all-purpose suffix for animate nouns. More Adjectives 400 Points

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-ск- соседский = neighboring вражеский = enemy’s More Adjectives 400 Points

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This suffix shows “a usually deliberate (not natural) tendency to” do the root. More Adjectives 500 Points

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-чив- сговорчивый = agreeable доверчивый = trusting More Adjectives 500 Points

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SUFFIXES RULE (too)!

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The Daily Double

Summary: Jeopardy! style game on Russian noun/adjective/verb suffixes

Tags: russian suffixes

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