2 Cervical Cancer

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Slide 1

Cervical Cancer Keith Bradley, MD Director National Alliance of Research Associates Programs (NARAP)

Slide 2

Cervical Cancer Cancer of the cervix is the second most common cancer in women worldwide a leading cause of cancer-related death in women in underdeveloped countries. worldwide, approximately 500,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed each year.

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Cervical Cancer HPV Human papillomavirus (HPV): one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in the U.S. HPV: the cause of virtually all cervical cancer

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Cervical Cancer HPV infection usually harmless only a few “high-risk” types  cervical cancer if “high-risk” HPV not cleared by immune system, may  pre-cancerous cells if pre-cancerous cells are not found and treated, may  cancer over time

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Cervical Cancer Risk Factors Sexual activity sexual intercourse at a young age multiple sexual partners or sex with promiscuous partner history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) Age rare in women younger than age 15

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Cervical Cancer Risk Factors Sexual activity sexual intercourse at a young age multiple sexual partners or sex with promiscuous partner history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) Age rare in women younger than age 15 Smoke twice as likely to develop cervical cancer.

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Cervical Cancer Risk Factors Sexual activity sexual intercourse at a young age multiple sexual partners or sex with promiscuous partner history of sexually transmitted disease (STD) Age rare in women younger than age 15 Smoke twice as likely to develop cervical cancer. Race invasive cancer rates are higher in African Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans.

Slide 9

Cervical Cancer Types Squamous cell carcinoma (80-90%) most common type develops from the flat cells covering outer surface of cervix at the top of the vagina Adenocarcinoma (10-15%) develops from the glandular cells lining the cervical canal (endocervix) may be more difficult to detect with smear tests

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bladder uterus rectum

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Cervical Cancer Papanicolaou (Pap) smear Use of the Pap test to screen for cervical cancer over the last fifty years has reduced the incidence of this disease in the U.S. by 75%

Slide 25

Quiz complete the Cervical Cancer Didactics quiz found on the www.theNARAP.org website save as: YourLastName,YourFirstName-CervicalCancerDidactics send to your Chief RA for Recruiting

Summary: This lecture gives basic information about cervical cancer to new Research Associates. Please be aware that medically graphic slides are included in this presentation

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