Methods of composting

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METHODS OF COMPOSTING MODULE VER 1.30 7/2/13

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This presentation is the copyrighted property of Clover Organic Pvt. Ltd. It can be only used for giving presentations by authorized representatives or authorized partners of Clover Organic Pvt. Ltd. It may not be copied, used in any other way without the express written permission of the Company.

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VISION Promising global transformation through innovative and ecological means.

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PROFITABLE PARTNERSHIPS FOR ENVIRONMENT CONSERVATION

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VERTICALS & SEGMENTS AGRICULTURE AQUACULTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT VERTICALS SEGMENTS SUSTAINABLE FARMING WASTE TREATMENT

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SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT WASTEWATER TREATMENT AGRICULTURE & HORTICULTURE ANIMAL HUSBANDRY & AQUACULTURE You could order our sample boxes and CDs and try out the solutions on your own!! COMPLETE HELP IS AVAILABLE!!

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METHODS OF COMPOSTING 42 Composting solutions and counting…!! ONLY FEW MODELS DISCUSSED HERE. TAILOR MADE SOLUTIONS CAN BE MADE TO SUIT EVERY NEED

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COMPOSTING BASICS Compost is NOT a bio-fertilizer!! It is food (substrate) for the soil microbes. They in turn produce the nutrients required by the crops. As a result, you add compost today and see results much later. Thus, compost is for the SOIL and NOT THE CROP, while chemical fertilizers are FOR THE CROP and NOT THE SOIL. The nutrients in compost cannot be directly used by the crops as they are in non-assimable form. Thus, the NPK of compost is not that important. Compost is a SCIENCE – needs to be understood. Good quality compost leads to higher profitability!! Balance of different types of Biomass is a must

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COMPOSTING BASICS

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COMPOSTING BASICS Particle size important – smaller the better (<0.50 inches) Mixing – layer by layer or together. Moisture – starting – 60% to 70%. Aeration – Essential for aerobic composting. Composting fails as a result. Placement of composting. Should be perpendicular to the wind direction. Quickly remove after maturity if made under a tree, otherwise will be utilized by the tree!! Microorganisms to activate composting important. Types of Compost – decomposed and fermented compost. Signs of compost being ready!!

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COMPOSTING BASICS Differences between decomposed and fermented compost:

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COMPOSTING BASICS Signs of compost being ready: These signs are different for different types of Compost.

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COMPOSTING BASICS Signs of compost being ready: These signs are different for different types of Compost.

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COMPOSTING BASICS

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COMPOSTING BASICS Dilution rate: 2 Caps per mug 10 Caps per bucket or sprayer

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ENCLOSED COMPOSTING Method of making compost simply in < 30 days with any biomass BIO- CAP Method of creating compost & liquid fertilizer within 10 days!! QUICK COMPOSTING! PIT COMPOSTING Method of composting waste, when generated! IN-SITU COMPOSTING Making compost on the field itself!! SIMPLE, AFFORDABLE, SUSTAINABLE!! HEAP COMPOSTING Multi-location Composting of Waste WHERE EVER & WHEN EVER!! COMPOST AT YOUR OWN PACE!! COMPOSTING SIMPLIFIED! ENERGY PILLARS SEAL IT AND FORGET IT!! Method of giving nutrients to trees without making compost

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ENCLOSED COMPOSTING Method of making compost simply in < 30 days with any biomass COMPOSTING SIMPLIFIED!

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COMPOST HEAP MADE WITH POOR QUALITY TEA LEAVES ENCLOSED COMPOSTING

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COMPOST HEAP MADE WITH POOR QUALITY TEA LEAVES Select proper place. Create an enclosure. Soak Biomass in diluted NatureVel – SW and place inside the enclosure. Mix of green and dry waste preferred. Place Kitchen waste in the center and bury in farm/ garden waste. Maintain moisture ENCLOSED COMPOSTING

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THE SAME HEAP AFTER 32 DAYS ENCLOSED COMPOSTING

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THE BIO CAP METHOD – METHODOLOGY Step 1: Place the kitchen waste into the nylon net bag daily. Step 2: Cut large pieces of waste into smaller ones before placing inside your Bio-Cap. Step 3: Thoroughly rinse the waste with diluted ‘Happy Garden’ or ‘NatureVel – SW’ (3 caps in a mug of water). Move the waste around with a stick for uniform soaking. Step 4: Close the nylon net bag. Step 5: Replace the lid immediately. Ensure there is no passage of air going inside the Bio-Cap. Also ensure no fly goes inside. Step 6: Take out ‘Liquid Fertilizer’ or ‘Clover Brew’ on a daily basis. Leaving it would lead to foul odour.

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HEAP COMPOSTING

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It is extremely important to select the right place for carrying out heap composting. Wrong place could have a detrimental effect on the composting process and/ or the quality of compost. HEAP COMPOSTING – Place selection

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HEAP COMPOSTING – Place selection 1. Wind Direction: Take an idea of the season wind direction from people in that area or assess for yourself. Make your heap perpendicular to the wind direction for maximum aeration. 2. Shade: Look for a place with shade – could be under a tree, shed etc. If nothing available, then create one!! This shall conserve moisture.

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HEAP COMPOSTING – Methodology GROUND PLANT WASTE PLANT WASTE PLANT WASTE SOIL OR ANIMAL WASTE SOIL OR ANIMAL WASTE SOIL OR ANIMAL WASTE Dilute NatureVel – SW and spray on the ground. Place a layer of plant waste (1 feet thickness) and spray diluted NatureVel – SW Place a layer of animal waste (cow or chicken dung) or soil (clay soil preferably) and repeat the process of spraying. Go on repeating Step 2 & 3 till the heap reaches a height of about 3 feet. Add bulking agents in between. Place cloth or opened out gunny sacks only on top to retain moisture.

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HEAP COMPOSTING – Caution ENSURE that every part of the layer (plant or animal waste) is thoroughly rinsed with NatureVel – SW. Pay special attention to corners. Initial moisture should be at least 60%. Check moisture and temperature at least once a week with the help of a Moisture Meter and a Industrial Thermometer. In case the temperature does not follow the graph, then turn the heap to felicitate better aeration. Temperature Time 40-45oC 20-25 days 35-40 days

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Composting (Even without cow dung) About 15,000 tons of compost has been made in different States.

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Method of creating compost with simplicity in your farm or garden PIT COMPOSTING

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PIT COMPOSTING Dig a pit of about 2 feet depth, 8 foot length and 4 feet wide. Heap the soil separately. Spray diluted NatureVel – SW on the soil. Make a layer of garden leaves or weeds. Place Kitchen waste in the center and cover it after rinsing with NatureVel – SW. Repeat the process of spraying the products and covering with soil/ biomass, each time you place fresh kitchen waste.

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IN-SITU COMPOSTING

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IN-SITU COMPOSTING Spread a layer of crop harvest waste. Add external bio-mass. Till soil to bury waste inside. Spray diluted NatureVel – SW. Carry out planting after 20-25 days!!

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Does not require creation of compost. Increases availability of nutrients to trees. Supports development of extensive root nets. Trees are healthier and more resistant to pest attacks. Makes trees and shrubs more resistant to drought. Very little cost to the farmers as zero raw material cost. ENERGY PILLARS

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The hole is filled with organic matter (weeds, crop harvest waste, grass clippings, kitchen waste or any other green waste) The more fresh the waste, the more effective the results! Diluted NatureVel – SW is poured over the organic matter and mixed thoroughly with the help of a stick. You need to ensure that the entire biomass gets rinsed. The hole is covered with the help of soil, which was dug out from the hole and stamped hard in order to make it as air tight as possible.

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GET IN TOUCH WITH US For queries or problems, sample box order, CDs, kindly get in touch with our Mr. Virendra Rawat: +91-135-2657119 & 2654447 info@cloverorganic.com +91-8979-584-444

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THANK YOU

Summary: Methods of composting

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