Sikhism

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Develops in zone of conflict between Hinduism and Islam---develops in Punjab region of India and Pakistan---draws on elements of both religions---and emerges as a distinct religion Nanak is founder of Sikhism----like Hindus he accepts idea of karma and reincarnation but rejects polytheism and insists on one true God After leaving home to teach he wore clothing that blended Muslim and Hindu styles Has a profound experience near a river and it becomes his prophetic calling Nanak is first in a line of 10 human gurus 9th Guru imprisoned and decapitated by Muslim Emporer who sees Sikhs as a threat 10th Guru is Gobind Singh----Gobind the Lion----the warrior guru----inaugurates a special military order for men called the Khalsa His sons killed and he is left without a successor---he declares the Adi Granth as his successor and as the final permanent guru---primary text of Sikhs---accorded the respect of a living human guru----divided into three parts---name means “original collection” Guru Granth is an honorary title for the sacred book of Sikhism Some Sikhs want a Sikh nation separate from India

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According to Sikh teaching the primary guru is God---Nanaks’s name for God was True Name World view of Sikhism is similar to the Hindu philosophical school called Sankhya---body and spirit form a composite---body and physical world bind and limit the spirit so goal of both Jainism and Sikhism strive to have one’s spirit overcome physicality Sikhism and Islam accept eating of animals Sangat----religious group

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Kalsa is a military order founded by Gobind Singh for protection of the Sikhs One of the requirements of the Kalsa was no alcohol Kesh—uncut hair, symbolize the characteristics of a lion----last name Singh also means lion Khanga—comb Kach—special underwear--represent alertness and readiness to fight Kirpan—short sword Kara—steel bracelet, symbolizes strength

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World Religions Sikhism

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History and Background Conflict between Hinduism and Islam Punjab Nanak, 1469-1539 Line of 10 Gurus Gobind Singh, 1666-1708 Adi Granth Sikh separatism

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Sikh Belief and Practice True Name Sankhya School Rejection of Hindu polytheism View of Animals Monotheism sangat gurdwara Armritsar The Golden Temple

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Five k’s of the sikh Kalsa Kalsa Kesh—uncut hair Khanga—comb Kach--underwear Kirpan—short sword Kara—steel bracelet

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