Evolution of Computer Technology PPT

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Evolution of Computer Technology Alan A. Currie Eric Rinitz Joe Panayiotou

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Four Main Pioneers Steve Jobs Steve Wozniak Bill Gates Paul Allen

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Steve Jobs Born in 1955 Los Altos CA. He was a man who helped found, “The Apple Corporation.” His ideas of the personal computer would help him to revolutionize the not only hardware but, software as well.

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Steve Wozniak Steve was known as the Wizard of OZ. As a young boy Steve Wozniak was obsessed with mathematics and computers.

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Bill Gates Bill was born in 1955, he wrote his first program at the age of 13. Enrolled in Lakeside High School, a private school

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Paul Allen Allen was a programmer at the Honeywell Company in Boston. Helped shape and engineer some of the most successful company products, including MS-DOS, Word, Windows, and the Microsoft Mouse

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The Beginning

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Blue Box Video

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Intel 4004 The First Microprocessor 1971 This was a huge breakthrough powered by the Busicom calculator.

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The Mouse and GUI

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Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) 1970’s GUI interface (graphical user interface). Developed by Xerox Corporation at their Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) in the 1970’s, but in was not as popular until the 1980’s.

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The Mouse (1963-1979) Invented by a man name Douglas Engelbart of Stanford Research Center in 1963, and pioneered by Xerox in the 1970’s.

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Apple vs. Microsoft Video (GUI) No, Steve, I think its more like we both have a rich neighbor named Xerox, and you broke in to steal the TV set, and you found out I'd been there first, and you said. "Hey that's not fair! I wanted to steal the TV set! -Bill Gates

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Altair (1975) The Altair was built by Ed Roberts. Based on the 8-bit Intel 8080 Later, MITS delivers the first generally-available Altair 8800, sold for $375 with 1 KB memory

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1975 – First Computer Language Paul Allen meets with Ed Roberts to demonstrate the newly written BASIC interpreter for the Altair. Despite never having touched an Altair before, the BASIC works flawlessly. Bill Gates and Paul Allen license their newly written BASIC to MITS, their first customer. This is the first computer language program written for a personal computer. (http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist/)

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Apple (1976) Jobs, who had an eye for the future, insisted that he and Wozniak try to sell the machine, and on April 1, 1976, Apple Computer was born. (apple-history.com)

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1976 – Apple I First single-board computer with a built in video interface, and onboard R.O.M. Rom told the machine how to load other programs from an external source.

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1976-1977 In April I, 1976 Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs founded the Apple empire. Apple Computer introduces the Apple II at the West Coast Computer Fair. It is the first personal computer with color graphics. ($1,300).

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TRS-80 and the Commodore (1977) $600

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Microsoft (1977) February of 1977 was Bill Gates and Paul Allen signed a partnership to officially create the Microsoft Company.

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1978 The 8086 is Intel’s first 16 bit MP. It is designed using the HMOS technology and contains approximately 29,000 transistors. The 8086 is packaged in a 40 pin DIP (Dual in line package) and requires a single 5V power supply. The standard 8086 runs at 5 MHz internal clock frequency, whereas the 8086-2 and 8086-4 run at internal clock frequencies of 8 and 4 MHz respectively (http://madhu.iwarp.com/8086.htm)

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Seagate (1979-1980) Founded in 1979 hard disc drives helped create the PC revolution. 1980, 1st hard drive (5 Mb)

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1980 – Apple III The Apple III sold very poorly and was replaced by the Apple IIIplus ($2995) in Late 1983. The Apple IIIplus was discontinued in 1985.

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1981-1982 IBM announces the IBM 5150 PC Personal Computer, in New York. The PC features a 4.77 MHz Intel 8088 CPU, 64 KB RAM (expandable to 256 KB), 40 KB ROM, one 5.25-inch floppy drive (160 KB capacity), and PC-DOS 1.0 (Microsoft's MS-DOS), for about US$3000. Also included is Microsoft BASIC, VisiCalc, UCSD Pascal, CP/M-86, and Easywriter 1.0. A fully loaded version with color graphics costs US$6000.

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1983 – LISA (Local Integrated Software Architecture) Jobs called this after his daughter that was born out of wedlock. It is the first personal computer with a graphical user interface (GUI). Price $9,995

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1983 – Apple IIe Released in January 1983. It was based on the 65C02 processor, which could run at 1.02 Mhz. It came with 64K of RAM and a 32K ROM which included BASIC, an assembly language interface, and several other hard-coded options. The Apple IIe originally sold for $1,395, and had a number of improvements and facelifts until it was finally discontinued in mid 1993, making it the only Apple computer be in production for more than 10 years. (http://www.apple-history.com/gallery.html)

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1983 John Sculley Was president of Pepsi-Cola. In April, Sculley became president and CEO of Apple. Jobs believed Sculley would help Apple "grow up," but had no idea how right he would turn out to be. (apple-history.com)

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Jan 24th, 1984 - QTMovie Apple Computer runs its "1984" 60 second TV commercial during the NFL SuperBowl XVIII football game, introducing the Macintosh computer. Apple Computer runs the ad only once, but dozens of news and talk shows replay it, making it one of the most memorable ads in TV history. The ad cost US$1.5 million.

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1985 February Apple Computer co-founder Steve Wozniak resigns from Apple Computer, to start a company that will develop home video products. September Apple Computer co-founder Steve Jobs resigns from Apple Computer.

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1985-1993 John Sculley Sculley became locked in a battle with Microsoft's Bill Gates over the introduction of Windows 1.0, which had many similarities to the Mac GUI. Gates finally agreed to sign a statement to the effect that Microsoft would not use Mac technology in Windows 1.0--it said nothing of future versions of Windows, and Gates' lawyers made sure it was airtight. Apple had effectively lost exclusive rights to its interface design.

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1985-1993 Newton (PDA) Apple was in trouble. Microsoft Windows 1, 2, and 3.x came out. Work was being done on a new type of computer, the Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), which Apple called the Newton. Sculley took an immediate interest in the Newton, and drove the Newton to completion in August 1993. The first generation of Newtons had extremely poor hand-writing recognition and did not sell particularly well.

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1994-1995 Apple was in more trouble. But Apple's worst problem wasn't selling computers-it was building them. By June 1995 Apple had $1 billion dollars in backorders-and did not have the parts to build them. Apple's problems were added to by the late-summer release of Windows '95, which mimicked the Mac GUI better than ever. http://www.apple-history.com/h5.html

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1996 In late December 1996, Apple made an industry-shattering announcement that it would be acquiring NeXTstep, and that Steve Jobs would be returning to the fold. The merger was brought about in order to acquire NeXTstep, which was to become the basis for Apple's next-generation OS, Rhapsody, which was slated for a 1998 release. (http://www.apple-history.com)

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1997-Present Jobs announced an alliance with Microsoft. In exchange for $150 million in Apple Stock, Microsoft and Apple would have a 5-year patent cross-license and, more importantly, a final settlement in the ongoing GUI argument. Microsoft agreed to pay an unreleased sum of additional funds to quiet the allegations that it had stolen Apple's property in designing its Windows OS. (http://www.apple-history.com)

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The Future Today Processors are at 2 Ghz and Growing. Every 18 months speed doubles.

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http://www.intel.com

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Credits http://www.amazon.com http://www.paulallen.com/ http://www.microsoft.com http://www.apple.com http://www.detoritzoo.com http://www.apple-history.com http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist/ http://madhu.iwarp.com/8086.htm http://www.intel.com http://www.islandnet.com/~kpolsson/comphist/ http://www.amd.com http://cc.kzoo.edu/~k97as05/pfolio/jobs.html http://www.digitalblasphemy.com/ http://www.woz.org/

Summary: This is the PowerPoint edition of Evolution of Computer Technology. Sound and Videos are not included. Designed for school back in August 2001.

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