1. John Adams First Vice-President, 2nd president, driving force for the Revolution, negotiated the peace treaty with British after the war The British refused to sit for the painting of the signing of the treaty
2. Samuel Adams Fiery patriot leader, instrumental in creating support for the revolution from British rule, played a major role in the Boston Tea party The ships were due to leave that week
3. Jane Addams founder of the Mother Hull Homes for women and children; first American woman awarded the Nobel Peace prize. (1890s)
4. Horatio Algers Author of 135 dime novels (1860s-'70s), created the concept of "Rags to Riches" within the American Dream
5. Susan B. Anthony Leader in the 19th century women's rights movement to secure women's suffrage
6. Arnold Benedict American general of the Rev. War, later switched sides (1780) and served with the British; today his name means "traitor" Patriot? Loyalist?
7. John James Audubon American ornithologist, naturalist and hunter. Painted, catalogued and described the birds of North America
8. Clara Barton American teacher, nurse, and humanitarian; best remembered for organizing the American Red Cross in 1873
10. Leonard Bernstein Composer, author, first conductor born and educated in the U.S. to received world-wide acclaim
11. Daniel Boone American frontier pioneer, one of the first folk heroes of America history, opened the Cumberland Gap through the Appalachian Mts. in 1775.
12. John Wilkes Booth An American stage actor who, as part of a conspiracy plot, assassinated Abraham Lincoln in April 1865
13. John Brown American abolitionist who promoted armed insurrection as a means to abolish slavery; led the unsuccessful raid at Harpers Ferry in 1859
14. William Jennings Bryan American politician, was a three-time Democratic nominee for Presidency. One of the most popular speakers in American History, (from Nebraska) With Clarence Darrow
15. Luther Burbank Botanist, horticulturist and a pioneer in agricultural science, developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants
16. Aaron Burr American politician, war hero and adventurer, served as Vice President under Thomas Jefferson, killed Alexander Hamilton in a duel
17. Al Capone American gangster, led a crime syndicate (smuggling and bootlegging liquor) during the Prohibition Era of the 1920s and 1930s. Imprisoned at Alcatraz
18. Andrew Carnegie Scottish immigrant, industrialist, businessman, major philanthropist, and the founder of the steel industry in America. (U.S. Steel)
19. George Washington Carver African-American agricultural scientist, famous for his many (over 100) new uses for peanuts and other agricultural products
20. Henry Clay American statesman (Kentucky) a dominant figure in the Missouri Compromise and the Compromise of 1850 "The Great Compromiser"
22. Crazy Horse Lakota Sioux war leader, fought against the U.S. government to preserve the Lakota way of life. (Battle of the Little Bighorn) killed at Ft. Robinson (NE)
Photo of his army in Montana
25. Clarence Darrow American lawyer, known for defending John T. Scopes in the so-called "Monkey" Trial (1925), opposed William Jennings Bryan. With William Jennings Bryan
28. Eugene Debs Union leader, founder of the Industrial Workers of the World, five-time socialist candidate for presidency
29. Stephen Douglas Author of the Compromise of 1850 and the Kan-Nebr. Act. Democratic party nominee in 1860, opposed Lincoln. Famous for his debates with Lincoln
30. Frederick Douglass Ex-Slave who becomes a leading American abolitionist, editor, orator, author, statesman and reformer. His mural in Belfast, Ireland – still a symbol of freedom
31. W.E.B. Du Bois Black civil rights activist, educator, writer, poet, and scholar, attempted virtually every solution to the problems of 20th century racism
32. John Foster Dulles Sec. of State under Eisenhower in the Cold War era, advocated an aggressive stance against communism around the world with President Dwight Eisenhower
33. Wyatt Earp Buffalo hunter, lawman, gambler, saloon-keeper and miner. Gunfight at the OK corral, symbol of the “Wild West”
34. Thomas Edison Inventor/businessman, influenced life around the world, “The Wizard of Menlo Park” credited with the first industrial research laboratory
35. Dwight Eisenhower Commander of Allied forces in Europe during WWII, becomes the 34th president in 1953, oversaw the ending of the Korean War
36. Duke Ellington Composer, pianist, and band leader; one of the most influential figures in jazz if not in all of American music. Received the Medal of Freedom for his contributions.
His personal philosophy
Statesman inventor printer scientist writer musician
39. Robert Fulton U.S. engineer and inventor who is widely credited with developing the first commercially successful steam-powered steamboat.
40. Samuel Gompers American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Founded the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
41. U.S. Grant American general and President of the United States. He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the Civil War.
42. Alexander Hamilton Founding Father, called for the Philadelphia Convention in 1787; a chief author of the Federalist Papers, supporting the Constitution Was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr
43. John Hancock President of the Second Continental Congress, the first person to sign the Declaration of Independence.
44. William Randolph Hearst Leading newspaper publisher, used "Yellow Journalism" to sell papers, helped promote the war with Spain (1898) Newspaper Headline His Castle in Calif.
45. Patrick Henry "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" speech, he was one of the influential advocates of the American Revolution
46. Herbert Hoover American president (1929) often blamed for the depth of the Great Depression, his policies failed to slow the economic problems.
49. Andrew Jackson American president, hero of the Battle of New Orleans, created a more democratic national government, nicknamed "Old Hickory" for toughness
50. Andrew Johnson American president (after Lincoln was assassinated) impeached by the Radical Republicans, but was not removed from office.
51. Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ) American president, tried to create the "Great Society” by ending poverty, president during the escalation of the Vietnam War The swearing in after Kennedy was assassinated
53. Francis Scott Key American lawyer, author, and amateur poet, who wrote the words to the United States' national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner" The flag that flew over Fort McHenry inspiring the song
54. Martin Luther King Jr. Pivotal leader of the American civil rights movement of the 1960s, "I have a Dream" speech, assassinated in 1968
55. Robert E. Lee Career army officer, an engineer, and the most celebrated general of the Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
His parade down Wall St.
58. Douglas MacArthur Allied Commander of the Pacific forces during WWII, rebuilt Japan after the war, commander of UN forces in the Korean War Japan surrenders Landing in the Philippines
His notes from the Constitutional Convention
With Presidents Roosevelt, Truman and Eisenhower
61. Joseph McCarthy Became the most visible face of extreme anti-communist suspicion inspired by the tensions of the Cold War, "McCarthyism"
63. Richard Nixon American president, resigned as a result of the Watergate Scandal, opened diplomatic relations with China, withdrew troops from Vietnam
At a hydroelectric dam, part of the TVA
65. Thomas Paine Author of the powerful, widely read pamphlet “Common Sense” (1776), advocating independence for the Colonies from the King
66. Rosa Parks "Mother of the Modern-Day Civil Rights Movement", famous for refusing the order to give up her seat to make room for a white passenger “…one person can change the world” Bill Clinton, awarding the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest honor given to a civilian.
67. William Penn Quaker leader, founder of Pennsylvania, championed democracy and religious tolerance, urged the union of the colonies as early as 1680
69. John J. Pershing Leader of the American forces in WWI (AEF), highest ranking general in Am. History, taught military tactics at University of Nebraska
70. Joseph Pulitzer Owner of New York’s “The World”, largest newspaper in the world (1897), used sensationalism and Yellow Journalism to promote the war with Spain, well known prize
71. Walter Reed Army physician, (1900) discovered Yellow Fever was transmitted by mosquitoes, allowed the completion of the Panama Canal America’s leading military hospital is named after him
72. Paul Revere American silversmith, patriot in the Am. Rev. War, "midnight ride", developed large-scale metal manufacturing after the war
With Martin Luther King
74. John D. Rockefeller Industrialist who revolutionized the petroleum industry," richest man in modern history" questionable business practices, philanthropist
75. Eleanor Roosevelt Active First Lady (1933-'45) campaigned for the New Deal, civil rights for blacks and women, served as a delegate to the United Nations
76. Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) President during the Depression and WWII, used new social programs (New Deal) to help end poverty, only president elected four times
77. Theodore Roosevelt Youngest President, progressive reformer, national parks, Rough Riders, Panama Canal, outdoorsman, "speak softly and carry a big stick”
78. Babe Ruth Most famous baseball player, legitimized professional sports, leading figure of the “Roaring Twenties” A packed house for his retirement
79. John Scopes Teacher in Tenn. who violated the Butler Act, which prohibited teaching evolution, court case known as the “Monkey Trial”
80. William T. Sherman Civil War Union general, "March to the Sea" used modern warfare in destroying the South's will to fight by destroying infrastructure
81. Upton Sinclair Muckraker, author of “The Jungle”, exposed the meat packing industry which led to the Pure Food Acts of 1902-04, wanted a social revolution
83. Joseph Smith American religious figure who founded the Latter Day Saint movement, also known as Mormonism.
84. John Phillip Sousa Composer, conductor (1890s-1920s) known for American military marches. Because of his prominence, he was known as “The March King”
85. John Steinbeck One of the most widely read authors of the 20th century. He wrote the Pulitzer Prize-winning The Grapes of Wrath and Of Mice and Men
86. Thaddeus Stevens Leader of the Radical Republicans after the Civil War, fought for the rights of the freemen (former slaves) helped write the 14th amendment
87. Harriet Beecher Stowe Abolitionist and novelist, whose Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852) attacked the cruelty of slavery, influenced millions as a novel and play
88. Ida Tarbell Leading muckraker (investigative reporter) of her time (early 1900s) exposed the unethical practices of Rockefeller and Standard Oil
89. Tecumseh Shawnee leader, spent much of his life attempting to create a Native American confederation for mutual defense of their lands
90. Henry David Thoreau Author/philosopher, best known for Walden, a reflection on simple living; and Civil Disobedience, individual resistance to unjust governments
91. Harry Truman American president, ended WWII, created the Truman Doctrine to contain communism, " the buck stops here", Pres. at the start of the Cold War
92. Harriet Tubman Abolitionist, humanitarian, helped created the Underground Railroad for escaping slaves, later worked for women's suffrage
93. Samuel Clemens Humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer, noted for his novels, “Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”, has been called the Great American Novel
94. Daniel Webster Antebellum statesman (1830-40s), considered the greatest orator in Congress, tried to preserve the union, known as a compromiser
96. Eli Whitney Best known as the inventor of the cotton gin, and less known for his introduction of interchangeable parts, in the manufacturing of firearms.
97. Roger Williams Proponent of religious toleration and the separation of church and state. In 1644, received a charter creating the colony of Rhode Island
98. Woodrow Wilson American president during WWI, wanted to end war through his Fourteen Points, only one of the points; the League of Nations was tried Draft of the 14 points
100. Frank Lloyd Wright American architect, writer, educator; designed more than 1,000 projects, he was noted for promoting organic architecture