LAND AND PEOPLE

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Nidhi Verma Presentation By

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LAND AND PEOPLE

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India is the seventh largest country in the world in terms of area and almost one-sixth of world population lives in India.

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Divisions Of Physical India

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There are ranges of high mountains in the northern part of in dia called HIMALYAS. These mountains are spread from Jammu and Kashmir in the West to Arunachal Pradesh in the East. The Great Mountains Of The North

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The highest mountain peak of the world MOUNT EVEREST

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CLIMATE Himalayan region experiences cold weather throughout the year. Most of these mountains are covered with snow.

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People of the Himalayan region depend on agriculture and tourism for their living. LIFE OF THE PEOPLE

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People keep themselves warm by wearing woolllen clothes. PHIRAN is a popular dress worn by kashmiri people. They drink a special kind of tea called KAHWA and keep a pot of hot coals called KANGRI under their clothes. Phiran Kahwa Kangri Phiran Kahwa Kangri Phiran Kahwa

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The northern plains of India lie to the south of the Himalayan region. These plains were formed by two main rivers system-the Indus and the Ganga-Bramhaputra. States of Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal are part of the northern plains The Northern Plains

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Climate is cold during winters and hot in summers. Monsoon is the rainy reason which lasts from July to September. CLIMATE

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LIFE OF THE PEOPLE Due to abundance of water and fertile land, both agriculture and industry thrive in this region. Textiles, sugar, paper and spots goods industries are located here.

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The Great Indian Deasert Part of the state of the Rajasthan is a large desert with almost no vegetation. It includes cities like Jaisalmer, Jodhpur and Bikaner.

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CLIMATE In summer, days are very hot as hot winds blow and the nights are warm and nights cold. There is hardly any rainfall.

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In such a dry climate which is harsh for most people and animals, camel can survive easily and be of great help to people living there. Camel has an ability to store food and water for long time. Its padded feet keep it from sinking in soft desert sands. Thus camels provide an important form of transportation in all deserts. That is why camel is called the SHIP OF THE DESERT. SHIP OF DESERT

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The Southern Plateau South pf the Northern Plains is a vast table-land or a plateau that covers almost the whole of the South India. This table-lands called the SOUTHERN PLATEAU. A table-land or plateau is a highland with a flat top. The land of this area is uneven and rocky.

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CLIMATE The climate of the Southern plateau is hot. Some parts of this area receive heavy rainfall. Plateau region is covered with thick jungles.

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LIFE OF THE PEOPLE The main occupations of people of South India are- farming and cattle rearing. They also work in mines as the part of India is a very rich in minerals.

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The Coastal Plains And The Islands The South of India is surrounded by mountains on the east and west. The mountains on the east is called EAST GHATS while on the west are the WESTERN GHATS.

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The coastal plains start from the Rann of Kachchh in Gujarat and runs through Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal. Two islands groups- (i) Andaman and Nicobar islands, (ii) Lakshadweep, are also part of our country. Andaman and nicobar islands lie in the bay of Bengal where Lakshadweep a group of islands lie in the Arabian sea.

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CLIMATE The climate of coastal plains and islands is moderate i.e., neither very hot in the summer nor very cold in winters.

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LIFE OF THE PEOPLE People of the Coastal Plains and Islands are good fisherman.

Summary: About India..

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