GEO-GNOME: the GEO Global Network for Observations and information in Mountain Environments


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GEO-GNOME: the GEO Global Network for Observations and information in Mountain Environments Antonello Provenzale, task coordinator EC-01 “Global Ecosystem Monitoring”

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Why mountains?

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Water towers Ecosystem services and biodiversity Cultural heritage Food

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Mountains host more than 10% of the world population Mountain environments are linked to downstream regions and provide essential resources and services to the surrounding downstream societies and ultimately to the global community 1992 -­‐ Rio de Janeiro Earth Summit, Chapter 13 of Agenda 21 confirmed the need for sustainable development in mountain regions, given mountains’ crucial role as sources of water, energy, biodiversity, minerals, forest products and agricultural products. 2001-­‐ InternaAonal programs of FAO (focus on mountains) and IGBP (Report 49) 2002-­‐ DeclaraDon of the InternaDonal Year of Mountains by the United NaDons 2002 -­‐ Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development, underlines that specific acAons to be taken for the preservaAon and sustainable development of mountain regions 2008 -­‐ Mountain ecosystems were idenAfied in 2008 report of the General Assembly of the United NaDons (UN, A/Res/62/196, 2008) as key indicators of such effects of climate change, especially in terms of vulnerable resources like biodiversity and water.

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Mountain regions are highly sensitive to climate and environmental change (including water and air pollution, changes in land use, alien species): Ecosystem functions and services Water quality and quantity Food production Economic growth It is essential to monitor the mountain environment and estimate its response to future climate conditions

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Aphrodite JJAS 80˚ 90˚ 70˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ mm/day mm/day mm/day 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 30˚ 30˚ 30˚ CRU JJAS 80˚ 70˚ 90˚ 303˚ 0˚ GPCC JJAS 80˚ 70˚ 90˚ 30˚ TRMM JJAS 80˚ 70˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ 90˚ 30˚ 30˚ 30˚ 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 mm/day GPCP JJAS 80˚ 70˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ 90˚ 30˚ 30˚ 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 Palazzi, von Hardenberg, Provenzale, JGR 2013 mm/day ERA−Interim JJAS 80˚ 70˚ 70˚ 80˚ 90˚ 90˚ 30˚ mm/day Uncertainties in precipitation estimates: the case of HKKH

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And for future projecDons it is even worse: precipitaDon from CMIP5 models Palazzi, von Hardenberg, Provenzale, sub judice

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We need to invest in application-driven research (water and ecosystem services, societal benefits) Significant progress can be achieved by Open data Open models Open information Open mind

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We need global cooperative actions Best use of existing data (EO, ground) Expand monitoring and measurement networks to answer specific questions Develop models specifically suited for the mountain environment

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There are several international initiatives on mountains: GLORIA ICIMOD Belmont Forum European Climate Research Alliance Mountain Research Initiative Mountain Partnership Alpine and Carpathian Conventions LTER – mountains FP7 – H2020 Projects National projects with international study areas

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The GEO Global Network for ObservaDons and informaDon in Mountain Environments. StarDng as the C3 component of EC-­‐01 Supports the GEO Strategic Targets: •  Biodiversity •  Climate •  Disasters •  Ecosystems •  Water •  Weather

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GEO-­‐GNOME will Capitalize on previous achieved results and outcomes, and it will create a comprehensive partnership of key stakeholders and network of exisDng measurement and observaDon systems in the mountain areas, collecDng the data and informaDon; and making them available through the GEOSS portals. SDmulate new measurements and observaDonal campaigns in mountain areas, with special emphasis on sensiDve areas and UNESCO designated Biosphere Reserves, Natural Heritage Sites and internaDonally relevant protected areas.

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GEO-GNOME will Make best use of Earth observations and remote sensing data, which can display critical aspects of mountain areas with complex topography and high elevations Develop capacity-building strategies and concrete activities in mountain monitoring and sustainable development, through the provision of on-site courses and training exercises with a particular focus on developing countries with fragile mountainous ecosystems. Identify potential Supersites and Natural Laboratories and start operational activities in the selected areas.

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GEO-GNOME will also Provide the Earth observations necessary to support implementation and monitoring of international conventions and agreements as well as regional mountain arrangements and agreements such as the Alpine and Carpathian Conventions. Create highly visible and valuable outputs to stimulate interaction between researchers, stakeholders and policy makers to identify the key environmental in each mountain area and trigger relevant needed action on the various levels (global, regional etc). If approved, GEO-GNOME will start its activities immediately and will have its first international workshop in summer 2014

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Practical actions: Identify and collect data, archives and portals which are already available (eg ICIMOD, Pyrenees Climate Change Observatory, NextData project) Identify main scientific and applied issues to be addressed, also stimulating new measurements Suggest and support concrete policy actions by the interaction between scientists, stakeholders, local authorities and policy makers Develop capacity building strategies, especially in the most remote mountain areas.

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Thanks for your attention ! For further info please contact

Summary: Antonello Provenzale